Wyo. Stat. § 33-28-102

Current with changes from the 2024 Legislative Session, Acts 1-58, 60-118
Section 33-28-102 - Definitions
(a) Repealed By Laws 2011, Ch. 104, § 2.
(b) As used in this act:
(i) "Active license" means a real estate license that has not been inactivated, suspended or revoked;
(ii) "Advance fee" means a fee claimed, charged or received for a listing, advertisement or offer to sell or lease real estate issued primarily for promoting the sale or lease of real estate;
(iii) "Aggregate limit" means a provision in an insurance contract limiting the maximum liability of an insurer for a series of losses in a given time period, such as the policy term;
(iv) "Associate broker" means an individual who has qualified as an associate broker under this act, is licensed by the commission under a responsible broker and does not have supervisory responsibilities;
(v) "Auction," when used as a noun, means a method of sale at a predetermined date and time, by means of one (1) or more exchanges between an auctioneer and prospective purchasers either in person verbally or physically, or by regular mail, telecommunications, the internet or an electronic transmission, the exchanges consisting of one (1) or more offers to sell made by the auctioneer and offers to purchase made by prospective purchasers, with the right to acceptance of offers to purchase residing with the auctioneer. "Auction" includes a sale of real estate in which there has been a solicitation or invitation by advertisement to the public in advance for bidding using sealed bids, provided that the bids are opened and there is a call for an advancement of the bids. "Auction" when used as a verb, means any act or conduct done for compensation or the expectation thereof and designed, intended or expected to affect the bidding or results of a real estate auction, including, but not limited to, serving as an auctioneer or ringman or encouraging, soliciting or receiving bids;
(vi) "Branch office" means any office location of a real estate company that is separate from a principal office and supervised by a responsible broker;
(vii) Repealed by Laws 2017, ch. 166, § 2.
(viii) "Buyer" means a person attempting to acquire real estate and includes a tenant as that term is commonly used in the rental, leasing or management of real estate;
(ix) "Buyer's agent" means a licensee who is authorized to represent and act on behalf of the buyer in a real estate transaction;
(x) "Commission" means the Wyoming real estate commission;
(xi) "Compensation" means any money, item of value or payment which is provided, promised or expected for the performance of any real estate activity;
(xii) "Cooperative transaction" means any real estate transaction in which licensees from more than one (1) real estate company participate, regardless of agency representation;
(xiii) "Customer" means a party to a real estate transaction who has established no intermediary or agency relationship with any licensee involved in the transaction;
(xiv) "Degree in real estate" means a degree from an accredited degree granting college or university, including a junior or community college, with a major course of study in real estate. A degree under this section shall at minimum require the successful completion of four (4) core courses of real estate principles and practices, real estate law, real estate appraisal and real estate finance, plus at least two (2) additional real estate related courses. These courses shall total at least eighteen (18) or more semester hours or twenty-seven (27) quarter hours;
(xv) "Designated licensee" means a licensee who is designated in writing by a responsible broker to serve as an agent for a seller or a buyer or as an intermediary in a real estate transaction;
(xvi) "Distance education course" means a course where instruction takes place when the teacher and the student are not in a traditional classroom setting and are separated by distance or time;
(xvii) "Equivalent coverage" means insurance coverage obtained independently of the group program available through the insurer under contract with the commission and subject to the provisions of this act;
(xviii) "Errors and omissions insurance" means professional liability insurance which provides insurance coverage to active licensees for errors and omissions made during the course of real estate transactions subject to the coverages, limitations and exclusions of the specific policy;
(xix) "Expired license" means a license for which the license period has expired;
(xx) "Extended reporting period" means a designated period of time after a claims-made policy has expired during which a claim may be made and coverage obtained as if the claim was made during the policy period;
(xxi) "Funds holder" means a title company, closing agent or attorney licensed in this state who holds items of value in trust for the parties to a real estate transaction;
(xxii) "Grace period" means January 1 to March 1 of each year during which an expired license may be renewed;
(xxiii) "Group program" means an insurance policy from an insurance provider selected by the commission through the competitive process as specified in this act;
(xxiv) "Inactive license" means a license that has been placed on inactive status at the request of the licensee and is not expired, terminated, suspended or revoked;
(xxv) "Individual coverage" means insurance coverage other than coverage from the group program which meets the requirements of the commission;
(xxvi) "In-house real estate transaction" means a real estate transaction in which the buyer and the seller have an agency, intermediary or customer relationship with licensees from the same real estate company;
(xxvii) "Interest in a transaction" means any advantage, benefit or profit, other than the agreed upon compensation, which may be realized by a licensee as the result of a purchase, sale or lease of real estate;
(xxviii) "Intermediary" means a licensee who assists one (1) or more parties throughout a contemplated real estate transaction without acting as an agent or advocate for any party to the transaction;
(xxix) "License" means the document issued by the commission certifying that the person named by the person's legal name on the document had fulfilled all requirements for licensure under this act;
(xxx) "Licensee" means any person issued a license by the commission;
(xxxi) "Like-license" means a license from another jurisdiction which is at an equivalent level of experience and responsibility as a comparable Wyoming license;
(xxxii) "Material to the transaction" means having importance, relevance or consequence to a person making a decision regarding the purchase, sale or lease of real estate. "Material to the transaction" does not include psychological considerations including, but not limited to, health issues, suicide, murder or crimes which have occurred on the property;
(xxxiii) "Offer" means any inducement, solicitation or attempt to encourage a person to acquire an interest in real estate which is made for gain or profit;
(xxxiv) "Offeree" means a person to whom an offer is made;
(xxxv) "Offeror" means the person making an offer;
(xxxvi) "Office" means a responsible broker's place of business where records are maintained;
(xxxvii) "Option" is a right that an owner may give to another person to purchase or lease the owner's real estate at a specific price;
(xxxviii) "Owner" means a person with a right to convey an ownership or leasehold interest in real estate;
(xxxix) "Person" means individuals, corporations, partnerships, associations or other public or private entities, foreign or domestic;
(xl) "Prior acts coverage" means insurance coverage for any claim made during a current policy period when the act or acts causing the claim or injuries for which the claim is made occurred prior to the inception of the current policy period;
(xli) "Proof of coverage" means a certificate of insurance demonstrating coverage of a policy of insurance equal to or exceeding the group coverage contracted for by the commission;
(xlii) "Property management" means the act of management for compensation of real estate for another, including collection of rents, maintenance of the real estate and accounting of fees received for another;
(xliii) "Qualified insurance carrier" means an insurance carrier that:
(A) For the entire term of its contract shall provide the group plan of errors and omission insurance as provided in this act, maintains an A.M. Best rating of "B" or better and financial size category of class VI or higher;
(B) Is authorized by the Wyoming insurance department to do business in Wyoming as an insurance carrier for the policy term;
(C) Is and will remain qualified and authorized by the Wyoming insurance department to write policies of errors and omissions insurance in Wyoming for the policy term;
(D) After competitive bidding, has been notified by the commission that it is the successful bidder for the group plan to provide the errors and omissions insurance as specified in this act;
(E) Has entered into a contract to provide group errors and omissions plan in conformity with the contract, this act, applicable rules of the commission and other applicable law;
(F) Will collect premiums, maintain records and report names of those insured and a record of claims to the commission on a timely basis.
(xliv) "Real estate" means leaseholds, as well as any other interest or estate in land, whether corporeal, incorporeal, freehold or nonfreehold, and whether the real estate is situated in this state or elsewhere but shall not apply to nor include mineral lands, rights or leases;
(xlv) "Real estate activity" occurs when an individual for another and for compensation performs any one or more of the following:
(A) Sells, exchanges, purchases, rents, manages or leases real estate;
(B) Offers to sell, exchange, purchase, rent, manage or lease real estate;
(C) Negotiates, offers, attempts or agrees to negotiate the sale, exchange, purchase, rental or leasing of real estate;
(D) Lists, offers, attempts or agrees to list real estate for sale, lease or exchange;
(E) Auctions, offers, attempts or agrees to auction real estate;
(F) Collects, offers, attempts or agrees to collect rent for the use of real estate;
(G) Advertises or holds himself out as being engaged in the business of buying, selling, exchanging, auctioning, renting or leasing real estate;
(H) Engages in the business of charging an advance fee in connection with any contract undertaken to promote the sale, auction or lease of real estate either through its listing in a publication issued for that purpose or for referral of information concerning the real estate to responsible brokers, associate brokers and salespersons;
(J) Buys, sells, offers to buy or sell or otherwise deals in options on real estate or improvements thereon;
(K) Assists or directs in the procuring of prospects calculated to result in the sale, exchange, lease or rental of real estate;
(M) Assists or directs in the negotiation of any transaction calculated or intended to result in the sale, exchange, lease or rental of real estate;
(N) Deals in time shares;
(O) Provides a broker's price opinion as provided in W.S. 33-28-125.
(xlvi) "Real estate company" means a domestic or foreign business entity that is authorized to conduct business in Wyoming and licensed by the commission to conduct real estate activity;
(xlvii) "Real estate transaction" or "transaction" means any real estate activity under this section;
(xlviii) "Regular employee" means an individual who is employed by an owner of real estate on a salaried basis or paid wages which are not performance based, is subject to income tax withholding and FICA and whose duties are performed in the ordinary course of the owner's business or the management or operation of the owner's investments;
(xlix) "Responsible broker" means an individual who has an active responsible broker's license and who is responsible for the supervision of the activities of licensees associated with the real estate company or a responsible broker who operates a single license office or sole proprietorship;
(l) "Retroactive date" means the date when the first real estate errors and omissions coverage was effective insuring the named insured on a claims-made basis and since which time the insured has been continuously insured;
(li) "Salesperson" means an individual who has qualified as a salesperson under this act and is licensed by the commission under a responsible broker;
(lii) "Seller" means a person who is attempting to sell or exchange real estate and includes a landlord as that term is commonly used in the rental, leasing or management of real estate;
(liii) "Seller's agent" means a licensee who is authorized to represent and act for the seller in a real estate transaction;
(liv) "Short term rental" means the rental of real estate for thirty-one (31) days or less;
(lv) "Single-limit liability" means the maximum limit payable, per licensee, for damages arising out of the same error, omission or wrongful act;
(lvi) "Subagent" means a licensee authorized to represent and act on behalf of a real estate company in performing real estate activity for a principal. A subagent shall owe the same obligations and responsibilities to the principal as a responsible broker;
(lvii) "Surrendered license" means a license that has been voluntarily terminated or surrendered by a licensee who, at the time of the voluntary termination or surrender, was under investigation or named in a formal administrative complaint and the surrender has been accepted by the commission;
(lviii) "Suspended license" means a license that has been temporarily suspended by the issuing authority;
(lix) "Time share" means any arrangement, whether by membership agreement, lease, rental agreement, license, use agreement or other means, whereby the purchaser receives a right to use or a freehold interest in accommodations, facilities or other real estate for a specific period of time during any given year, but not necessarily for consecutive years, and which extends for a period of more than one (1) year;
(lx) "Transaction manager" means a licensee designated in writing by the responsible broker to supervise a transaction. The transaction manager shall not be involved in the transaction and shall have the duties of an intermediary while supervising the transaction;
(lxi) "Written listing agreement" means any real estate employment agreement, including without limitation a buyer's brokerage agreement, a seller's listing contract and a property management contract. The authority created under a written listing agreement may not be assigned to another person without the written consent of all parties to the agreement;
(lxii) "Broker's price opinion" means an estimate prepared by a licensee that details the probable selling price of real estate and provides a varying level of detail about the real estate's condition, market and neighborhood and information about sales of comparable real estate;
(lxiii) "This act" means W.S. 33-28-101 through 33-28-401

W.S. 33-28-102

Amended by Laws 2017 , ch. 166, § 1 and 2, eff. 7/1/2017.
Amended by Laws 2012 , ch. 68, § 2, eff. 7/1/2012.
Amended by Laws 2011 , ch. 104, §§ 1, 2, eff. 7/1/2011.