Wis. Stat. § 49.19

Current through Acts 2019-2020, ch. 185
Section 49.19 - Aid to families with dependent children
(1)
(a) In this section, "dependent child" means a child under the age of 18 or, if the child is a full-time student at a secondary school or its vocational or technical equivalent and is reasonably expected to complete the program before reaching 19, is under the age of 19, who:
1. Has been deprived of parental support or care by reason of the death, continued absence from the home other than absence occasioned solely by reason of the performance of active duty in the uniformed services of the United States, unemployment or incapacity of a parent; and
2.
a. Is living with a parent; a blood relative, including those of half-blood, and including first cousins, nephews or nieces and persons of preceding generations as denoted by prefixes of grand, great or great-great; a stepfather, stepmother, stepbrother or stepsister; a person who legally adopts the child or is the adoptive parent of the child's parent, a natural or legally adopted child of such person or a relative of an adoptive parent; or a spouse of any person named in this subparagraph even if the marriage is terminated by death or divorce; and is living in a residence maintained by one or more of these relatives as the child's or their own home, or living in a residence maintained by one or more of these relatives as the child's or their own home because the parents of the child have been found unfit to have care and custody of the child; or
b. Is living in a foster home licensed under s. 48.62 if a license is required under that section, in a foster home located within the boundaries of a federally recognized American Indian reservation in this state and licensed by the tribal governing body of the reservation, in a group home licensed under s. 48.625, or in a residential care center for children and youth licensed under s. 48.60, and has been placed in the foster home, group home, or center by a county department under s. 46.215, 46.22, or 46.23, by the department, by the department of corrections, or by a federally recognized American Indian tribal governing body in this state under an agreement with a county department.
(b) Any individual may apply for aid to families with dependent children and shall have opportunity to do so. Application for aid shall be made on forms prescribed by the department. Any person having knowledge that any child is dependent upon the public for proper support or that the interest of the public requires that such child be granted aid may bring the facts to the notice of an agency administering such aid in the county in which the child resides.
(c)
1. "Aid to families with dependent children" means money payments with respect to, or vendor payments as prescribed by the department, or medical care in behalf of or any type of remedial care recognized under subs. (1) to (10) or s. 49.46 or necessary burial expenses as defined in sub. (5) in behalf of a dependent child or dependent children.
2. "Aid to families with dependent children" also includes such aid to meet the needs of the relative with whom any dependent child is living and the spouse of the relative if:
a. The spouse is living with the relative, the relative is the child's parent and the child is a dependent child by reason of the physical or mental incapacity of a parent; or
b. The spouse is a convicted offender permitted to live at home but precluded from earning a wage because the spouse is required by a court imposed sentence to perform unpaid public work or unpaid community service.
3. "Aid to families with dependent children" also includes payments made to another individual not a relative enumerated under par. (a), pursuant to federal regulations, if:
a. The individual has been appointed by a court of competent jurisdiction as a legal representative of the dependent child; or
b. The individual who may be a caseworker has been designated by the county department under s. 46.215 or 46.22 to receive payment of the aid or cash payments to recipients who are engaged in an approved work relief or training project.
(d) The rate of payment for skilled nursing care provided under this section shall be determined by the county under guidelines established by the department pursuant to s. 49.45(6m). Payment for limited care shall not exceed 90% of the applicable Title XIX skilled care rate. Payment for personal care shall not exceed 80% of the applicable Title XIX skilled care rate.
(e) In this section, "strike" has the meaning provided in 29 USC 142(2).
(2)
(a) A home visit may be made at the option of the county to investigate the circumstances of the child before granting aid. The department may, however, require a county to make a home visit for this purpose if the department finds that a need exists. A report upon a home visit shall be made in writing and become a part of the record in the case. Every applicant shall be promptly notified in writing of the disposition of his or her application. Aid shall be furnished with reasonable promptness to any eligible individual.
(am) A county department under s. 46.215, 46.22 or 46.23 may not accept a rent receipt to verify the residence of an applicant for or recipient of aid under this section unless the receipt shows the name, address and home and business telephone numbers of the landlord or the landlord's designee.
(b) Recipients of aid under this section shall, as a condition for continued receipt of the aid, provide accurate monthly reports of any circumstances which may affect their eligibility or the amount of assistance. The department shall promulgate rules selecting categories of recipients who may report less frequently in order to reduce administrative expense and shall specify monthly dates by which reports shall be submitted.
(c) An alien shall provide the department with reports the department requires to determine eligibility and the amount of aid, including reports about the alien's sponsor.
(d) Eligibility for aid to families with dependent children for any month shall be based on estimated income, resources, family size and other similar relevant circumstances during that month. The amount of aid for any month shall be based on income and other relevant circumstances in the first or, at the option of the department, the 2nd month preceding such a month, except that the amount of aid in the first month or, at the option of the department, the first and 2nd months of a period of consecutive months for which aid is payable is based on estimated income and other relevant circumstances in such first month or first and 2nd months. The department may promulgate rules establishing payment and reporting months as needed to administer this paragraph.
(p) Any person who has conveyed, transferred or disposed of any asset that would be included in determining the value of assets under sub. (4) (bm) within 2 years prior to the date of making application, or of redetermination of eligibility, for benefits under this section at less than fair market value shall, unless shown to the contrary, be presumed to have made the transfer, conveyance or disposition in contemplation of receiving benefits under this section and shall be ineligible to receive the benefits thereafter until the uncompensated value of the asset is expended by or on behalf of the person for his or her maintenance needs, including needs for medical care. The department shall promulgate rules for the administration of this paragraph. This paragraph shall apply to the extent permitted under federal law.
(3)
(a) After the investigation and report and a finding of eligibility, aid as defined in sub. (1) shall be granted by the county department under s. 46.215 or 46.22 as the best interest of the child requires. No such aid shall be furnished any person for any period during which that person is receiving supplemental security income or for any month if, on the last day of the month, that person is participating in a strike or to any person who fails to apply for or provide such social security account numbers as required by federal law.
(b) If the county department under s. 46.215 or 46.22 finds a person eligible for aid under this section, that county department shall, on a form to be prescribed by the department, direct the payment of such aid by order upon the secretary of administration. Payment of aid shall be made monthly, based on a calendar month or fiscal month as defined by the department; except that the director of the county department may, in his or her discretion for the purpose of protecting the public, direct that the monthly allowance be paid in accordance with sub. (5) (c).
(4) The aid shall be granted only upon the following conditions:
(a) There must be a dependent child who is living with the person charged with its care and custody and dependent upon the public for proper support. Aid may also be granted for minors other than to those specified, but not for a dependent child 18 years of age or older who is living in a home or institution specified under sub. (1) (a) 2. b.
(b) The person applying for aid has allowed the county department under s. 46.215 or 46.22 15 to 30 days to process his or her application and, if not already a resident of the county, has notified the county department under s. 46.215 or 46.22 of his or her intent to establish residence in the county. The effective date of eligibility for aid to eligible individuals is the date the applicant submits a signed and completed application to the county department under s. 46.215 or 46.22, or the first date on which the applicant meets all of the eligibility criteria, whichever is later.
(bm) The person applying for aid shall document, to the department's satisfaction, actual income as claimed in the application, and shall reveal all assets. Except as specified in par. (br), aid is available only if the combined equity value of assets does not exceed $1,000. One automobile with an equity value not exceeding $1,500, one home, as specified in par. (e), and, for each person, one burial plot and one burial agreement under s. 445.125(1) (a) 2. and 3. with a value of not more than $1,500 may not be included when determining the combined equity value of assets. Any amount received under section 32 of the internal revenue code, as defined in s. 71.01(6), and any payment made by an employer under section 3507 of the internal revenue code, as defined in s. 71.01(6), may not be included in determining the combined equity value of assets in the month of receipt and the following month.
(br) Aid may be paid for up to 9 months to an otherwise eligible owner of real property other than that specified under par. (bm) and that real property may be excluded as an asset for up to 9 months if all of the following conditions are met:
1. The owner enters into a signed, written agreement with the county department under s. 46.215 or 46.22 that he or she shall make a good faith effort to sell the real property and repay the amount of aid granted during the asset exclusion period up to the amount of net proceeds of the sale of the real property.
2. The net proceeds of the sale of the real property plus the combined equity value of all other countable assets exceed $1,000 on the date of the agreement made under subd. 1.
(bu)
1. The department shall request a waiver from the secretary of the federal department of health and human services to allow a recipient of aid under this section to accumulate funds in an education and employability account, as described in subd. 2., the first $10,000 in which is not considered against the amount of assets that a recipient is allowed to own under par. (bm). If the waiver is granted, the department shall promulgate rules to implement the waiver and shall implement the waiver beginning no sooner than January 1, 1995. Subdivision 2. does not apply unless the waiver is in effect.
2. The department may authorize a person to establish an education and employability account at a financial institution, as defined in s. 705.01(3), after the person is determined to be eligible for aid under this section. The first $10,000 in the account is not considered against the asset limit if the person provides to the county department under s. 46.215, 46.22 or 46.23, at the time of establishing the account and at other times required by the department, a signed statement identifying the financial institution, the account number of the account and the amount in the account. Interest earned on the account and retained in the account is not considered income under this section. Money withdrawn from the education and employability account will be considered income in the month that it is withdrawn unless it is used for one of the following purposes:
a. The recipient's own education or training or the education or training of his or her child.
b. Improving the employability of a member of the family.
d. Not more than $200 every 12 months for emergency needs, as determined by the county department under s. 46.215, 46.22 or 46.23.
(by) No later than September 1, 1992, the department shall request a waiver from the secretary of the federal department of health and human services under which the equity value of automobiles with a total equity value of not more than $2,500 would not be included when determining the combined equity value of assets under par. (bm). If the waiver is granted, the equity value of automobiles with a total equity value of not more than $2,500 shall not be included when determining the combined equity value of assets under par. (bm), rather than one automobile with an equity value not exceeding $1,500.
(c) The person having the care and custody of the dependent child must be fit and proper to have the child. Aid shall not be denied by the county department under s. 46.215 or 46.22 on the grounds that a person is not fit and proper to have the care and custody of the child until the county department obtains a finding substantiating that fact from a court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48 and 938 or other court of competent jurisdiction; but in appropriate cases it is the responsibility of the county department to petition under ch. 48 or refer the case to a proper child protection agency.
(d) Aid may be granted to the mother or stepmother of a dependent child if she is without a husband or if she:
1. Is the wife of a husband who is incapacitated for gainful work by mental or physical disability; or
2. Is the wife of a husband who is incarcerated or who is a convicted offender permitted to live at home but precluded from earning a wage because the husband is required by a court imposed sentence to perform unpaid public work or unpaid community service; or
3. Is the wife of a husband who has been committed to the department pursuant to ch. 975, irrespective of the probable period of such commitment; or
4. Is the wife of a husband who has continuously abandoned or failed to support her, if proceedings have been commenced against the husband under ch. 769; or
5. Has been divorced and is without a husband or legally separated from her husband and is unable through use of the provisions of law to compel her former husband to adequately support the child for whom aid is sought; or
6. Has commenced an action for divorce or legal separation and obtained a temporary order for support under s. 767.225 which order is either insufficient to adequately meet the needs of the child or cannot be enforced through the provisions of law; or
7. Has obtained an order under s. 767.501 from the court to compel support, which order is either insufficient to adequately meet the needs of the child or cannot be enforced through the provisions of law; or
8. Is incapacitated and the county department under s. 46.215 or 46.22 believes she is the proper payee.
(dm) Aid may be paid to parents of a dependent child if the parents are unable to supply the needs of the child because of the unemployment of the parent, in a home in which both parents live, who earned the most income during the 24-month period immediately preceding the month for which aid is granted and who meets the federal requirements as to past employment and current unemployment. The department shall count up to 4 calendar quarters of full-time attendance at an elementary school, a secondary school, or a vocational or technical training course that satisfies the requirements under 42 USC 607(d) (1) (B) toward the federal requirement as to past employment. Aid to dependent children of unemployed parents may be granted only if federal aid for this purpose is available to the state. No aid may be granted if the unemployed parent:
4. Qualifies for unemployment insurance but refuses to apply for or accept unemployment insurance; or
5. Fails to meet any applicable federal or state work, work registration or training requirement. The department shall promulgate rules listing the applicable requirements under this subdivision.
(e) The ownership of a home and the lands used or operated in connection therewith or, in lieu thereof, a house trailer, if such home or house trailer is used as the person's abode, by a person having the care and custody of any dependent child shall not prevent the granting of aid if the cost of maintenance of said home or house trailer does not exceed the rental which the family would be obliged to pay for living quarters.
(es) In determining eligibility for aid to families with dependent children, all earned and unearned income of the applicant shall be considered, except any amount received under section 32 of the internal revenue code, as defined in s. 71.01(6), and any payment made by an employer under section 3507 of the internal revenue code, as defined in s. 71.01(6), and aid received under this section. Eligibility does not exist if the total income considered exceeds 185% of the standard of need or if the total income considered after disregards are applied exceeds the standard of need.
(et) In determining eligibility for aid, the income of a dependent child's stepparent who lives in the same home as the child shall be considered as required under 42 USC 602(a) (31).
(ez) If an alien applies for aid, the income and resources of any person or public or private agency which executed an affidavit of support for the alien are deemed unearned income and resources of the alien for a 3-year period after the alien enters the United States, unless the department determines that the public or private agency no longer exists or has become unable to meet the alien's needs. The income and resources of the spouse of the executor, if the executor is an individual, are also deemed unearned income and resources of the alien for a 3-year period after the alien enters the United States, if the spouse is living with the executor. The department may, by rule, specify the method of computing income and resources under this paragraph and may reduce the level of income and resources that are deemed unearned income and resources of the alien, to the extent required by P.L. 97-35, section 2320 (b). This paragraph does not apply if the alien is a dependent child and if the executor or the executor's spouse is the parent of the alien.
(f) Whenever better provisions, public or private, can be made for the care of such dependent child, aid under this section shall cease. Prompt notice shall be given to the appropriate law enforcement officials of the county of the furnishing of aid under this section in respect of a child who has been deserted or abandoned by a parent.
(g)
1. If the pregnancy is medically verified, a pregnant woman receiving aid under this section who notifies the county department under s. 46.215 or 46.22 before the 8th month of pregnancy begins shall receive a monthly payment determined under sub. (11) (a) 4. from the first day of the month in which the 8th month of pregnancy begins, in addition to the payment determined according to family size under sub. (11) (a). If the recipient provides notification after the 8th month of pregnancy begins, the woman shall receive the additional monthly payment determined under sub. (11) (a) 4. beginning with the first day of the month following notification.
2. Aid to a pregnant woman who is otherwise eligible but has no children is available from the first day of the month in which the 8th month of pregnancy begins or the date the woman submits a signed and completed application for aid to the county department under s. 46.215 or 46.22, whichever is later, if the pregnancy is medically verified. The pregnant woman has a family size of one for grant determination purposes under sub. (11) (a) and is additionally eligible for a monthly payment determined under sub. (11) (a) 4.
3. Eligibility for the additional monthly payment under this paragraph continues through the month of the child's birth.
(h)
1.
a. As a condition of eligibility for assistance under this section, the person charged with the care and custody of the dependent child or children shall fully cooperate in efforts directed at establishing the paternity of a nonmarital child and obtaining support payments or any other payments or property to which that person and the dependent child or children may have rights. Such cooperation shall be in accordance with federal law, rules and regulations applicable to paternity establishment and collection of support payments.
b. Except as provided under sub. (5) (a) 1m., when any person applies for or receives aid under this section, any right of the parent or any dependent child to support or maintenance from any other person, including any right to unpaid amounts accrued at the time of application and any right to amounts accruing during the time aid is paid under this section, is assigned to the state. If a minor who is a beneficiary of aid under this section is also the beneficiary of support under a judgment or order that includes support for one or more children not receiving aid under this section, any support payment made under the judgment or order is assigned to the state in the amount that is the proportionate share of the minor receiving aid under this section, except as otherwise ordered by the court on the motion of a party. Amounts assigned to the state under this subd. 1. b. remain assigned to the state until that amount of aid paid that represents the amount due as support or maintenance has been recovered. No amount of support that begins to accrue after aid under this section is discontinued for the recipient may be considered assigned to this state.
c. Notice of the requirements of this subdivision shall be provided applicants for aid under this section at the time of application.
2. If the person charged with the care and custody of the dependent child or children does not comply with the requirements of subd. 1. a., that person shall be ineligible for assistance under this section. In such instances, aid payments made on behalf of the dependent child or children shall be made in the form of protective payments. If the county department under s. 46.215 or 46.22 has been unsuccessful in finding a person other than the person charged with the care of the dependent child to receive the protective payment on behalf of the child, after performance of a reasonable effort to do so, the county department may make the payment on behalf of the child to the person charged with the care of the dependent child.
(k) The total income of the AFDC group, including any nonrecurring lump sum payment of earned or unearned income and any other income not disregarded, may not exceed the applicable standard of need under sub. (11). If the total income exceeds the standard of need, all members of the AFDC group remain ineligible for the number of months that equals the total income divided by the standard of need.
(4e)
(a) If a person applying for aid is under 18 years of age, has never married, and is pregnant or has a dependent child in his or her care, the person is not eligible for aid unless he or she lives in a place maintained by his or her parent, legal guardian, or other adult relative as the parent's, guardian's or other adult relative's own home or lives in a foster home, maternity home, or other supportive living arrangement supervised by an adult.
(b) Paragraph (a) does not apply in any of the following situations:
1. The person applying for aid has no parent or legal guardian whose whereabouts are known.
2. No parent or legal guardian of the person applying for aid allows the person to live in the home of that parent or legal guardian.
3. The department determines that the physical or emotional health or safety of the person applying for aid or the dependent child would be jeopardized if the person and the dependent child lived with the person's parent or guardian.
4. The person applying for aid lived apart from his or her parent or legal guardian for at least one year before the birth of any dependent child or before the person applied for aid.
5. The county department under s. 46.215, 46.22 or 46.23 otherwise determines that there is good cause not to apply par. (a).
(c) The department shall request a waiver from the secretary of the federal department of health and human services to require, without exception, that a person applying for aid who is under 18 years of age, has never married and is pregnant or has a dependent child in his or her care meet the requirements of par. (a). If a waiver is granted and in effect, par. (b) does not apply.
(4h) Student loans and grants, including work study funds, are not considered income in determining eligibility for aid under this section or the amount of monthly payments under this section.
(4m) Aid under this section is unavailable to a family for any month in which the caretaker relative of the dependent child is participating in a strike on the last day of the month. Aid under this section is unavailable to any person for a month in which the person is participating in a strike on the last day of the month.
(5)
(a) The aid shall be sufficient to enable the person having the care and custody of dependent children to care properly for them. The amount granted shall be determined by a budget for the family in which all income shall be considered, except:
1. All earned income of each dependent child included in the grant who is: a full-time student; or a part-time student who is not a full-time employee. For purposes of this subdivision a student is an individual attending a school, college, university or a course of vocational or technical training designed to fit him or her for gainful employment.
1e. Any amount received under section 32 of the internal revenue code, as defined in s. 71.01(6), and any payment made by an employer under section 3507 of the internal revenue code, as defined in s. 71.01(6), to a family receiving aid.
1m. The first $50 of any money received by the department in a month under an assignment to the state under sub. (4) (h) for a person applying for or receiving aid to families with dependent children that shall be paid to the family applying for or receiving aid.
2. The first $90 shall be disregarded from the earned income of:
a. Any dependent child or relative applying for or receiving aid.
b. Any other person living in the same home as the dependent child whose needs are considered in determining the budget.
4. Except as provided under par. (am), after disregarding the amounts specified under subd. 2., $30 of earned income and an amount equal to one-third of the remaining earned income not disregarded, from the earned income of any person specified in subd. 2. These disregards do not apply to:
a. The earned income of a person who has received the disregards for 4 consecutive months, until the person ceases to receive aid for 12 consecutive months.
b. Earned income derived from a training or retraining project.
c. The earned income of a person whose income exceeds the person's need, unless the person has received aid under this section in any of the 4 months preceding the month in which the income exceeds the need.
4m. Except as provided under par. (am), after the person has received the benefit of the disregards under subd. 4. for 4 consecutive months, a disregard of $30 of earned income shall be available for 8 additional consecutive months. This disregard does not apply to:
a. Earned income derived from a training or retraining project.
b. The earned income of a person whose income exceeds the person's need, unless the person has received aid under this section in any of the 4 months preceding the month in which the income exceeds the need.
4s. After disregarding the amounts under subd. 2. and either subd. 4. or par. (am), an amount equal to expenditures and not to exceed $175 per month for each dependent child or incapacitated person, or $200 per month for each child under the age of 2, shall be disregarded from the earned income of any person listed in subd. 2. if:
a. The amount is used to provide care for a dependent child or for an incapacitated person who is living in the same home as the dependent child;
b. The person receiving care is also receiving aid under this section; and
c. The person requires care during the month that aid is received.
5. The disregards specified in subds. 2. to 4s. and par. (am) do not apply to the earned income of any person who violates 45 CFR 233.20(a) (11) (iii).
(am)
1. Except as provided under subd. 1m., instead of the disregards under par. (a) 4. and 4m., after disregarding the amounts specified under par. (a) 2., $30 of earned income and an amount equal to one-sixth of the remaining earned income not disregarded shall be disregarded from the earned income of a person specified in par. (a) 2. These disregards do not apply to:
a. The earned income of a person who has received the disregards for 12 consecutive months, until the person ceases to receive aid for 12 consecutive months.
b. Earned income derived from a training or retraining project.
c. The earned income of a person whose income exceeds the person's need, unless the person has received aid under this section in any of the 4 months preceding the month in which the income exceeds the need.
1m. If a waiver under subd. 2. is granted, the department may select individuals to whom the disregards under par. (a) 4. and 4m. apply, rather than the disregard under subd. 1., as a control group for all or part of the period during which the waiver is in effect.
2. The department shall request a waiver from the secretary of the federal department of health and human services to permit the application of the earned income disregards in subd. 1. Subdivision 1. does not apply unless a federal waiver is in effect. If a waiver is received, the department shall implement subd. 1. no later than the first day of the 6th month beginning after the waiver is approved.
(as) The department shall request, but may not implement, a waiver from the secretary of the federal department of health and human services to establish an earned income disregard that is equal to the first $200 of earned income plus 50% of the remaining earned income, instead of the amount under par. (a) or (am), and that is not reduced after a specified period. The department shall request the waiver no later than September 1, 1992.
(b) Such family budget shall be based on a standard budget, including the parents or other person who may be found eligible to receive aid under this section.
(c) The aid allowed under this subsection may be given in the form of supplies or commodities or vouchers for the same, in lieu of money, as a type of remedial care authorized under sub. (1) (c), whenever the giving of aid in such form is deemed advisable by the director of the county department under s. 46.215, 46.22 or 46.23 dispensing such aid as a means either of attempting to rehabilitate a particular person having the care and custody of any such children or of preventing the misuse or mismanagement by such person of aid in the form of money payments.
(ce) At the request of a recipient of aid under this section, the department shall provide the portion of the grant equal to the amount of the recipient's rent to the recipient's landlord in the form of a rent voucher or by an alternative payment method.
(cm)
1. In this paragraph, "direct payment" means a check which is drawn in favor of the landlord of a recipient of aid under this section.
2. A direct payment shall be made whenever a recipient of aid under this section has failed to pay rent to the landlord for 2 months or more, unless the failure to pay rent is authorized by law.
3. If a landlord reports to a county department under s. 46.215, 46.22 or 46.23 that a recipient has failed to pay rent for 2 or more months, the county department shall do all of the following:
a. Inform the recipient of the report.
b. Investigate the report.
c. If it determines that the conditions for issuing a direct payment under subd. 2. are met, inform the recipient of the right to a fair hearing on the issue of whether direct payment of rent should be made and inform the department of health services of its determination.
d. If it determines that direct payments should not be made, inform the recipient and the landlord of that determination.
4. When it has been determined that a direct payment of rent should be made, the department of health services shall issue the recipient's monthly grant in 2 checks, a direct payment for the amount of the rent and a check drawn in favor of the recipient for the balance of the grant amount.
5. The county department shall review each case in which a direct payment is being made at least once every 12 months and whenever a recipient reports that a condition under subd. 6. for the cessation of direct payments exists.
6. The county department shall inform the department of health services, and the department of health services shall cease making a direct payment, when the county department determines that any of the following conditions exists:
a. A direct payment has been made for 24 consecutive months.
b. The recipient has reimbursed the landlord for all back rent owed.
c. The recipient has moved and has a different landlord.
7. The department shall promulgate rules for the administration of this paragraph.
(d) [Repealed].
(e) No aid may continue longer than 6 months without reinvestigation, except that the department may provide that in certain cases or groups of cases aid may continue up to 12 months without reinvestigation. The county department under s. 46.215, 46.22 or 46.23 may conduct a reinvestigation of a case whenever there is reason to believe circumstances have changed. The county department shall submit information concerning reinvestigations, at such times and in such form as the department requires.
(f) This subsection does not prohibit such public assistance as may legitimately accrue directly to persons other than the beneficiaries of this section who may reside in the same household.
(6) The county department under s. 46.215, 46.22 or 46.23 may require the child's parent to do such remunerative work as in its judgment can be done without detriment to the parent's health or the neglect of the children or the home; and may prescribe the hours during which the parent may be required to work outside of the home.
(7) The county board shall annually appropriate a sum of money sufficient to carry out the provisions of this section. The county treasurer shall pay out the amounts ordered paid under this section.
(9) If the head of a family is a veteran, as defined in s. 45.01(12), or a person under s. 45.51(2) (a) 2., and is hospitalized or institutionalized because of disabilities in a county other than that of his or her residence or settlement at time of admission, aid shall be granted to the dependent children of the veteran by the county wherein the head of the family had his or her residence or settlement at the time of admission so long as he or she remains hospitalized or institutionalized.
(10)
(a) Aid under this section may also be granted to a nonrelative who cares for a child dependent upon the public for proper support in a foster home having a license under s. 48.62, in a foster home located within the boundaries of a federally recognized American Indian reservation in this state and licensed by the tribal governing body of the reservation, or in a group home licensed under s. 48.625, regardless of the cause or prospective period of dependency. The state shall reimburse counties pursuant to the procedure under s. 48.569(2) and the percentage rate of participation set forth in s. 48.569(1) (d) for aid granted under this subsection except that if the child does not have legal settlement in the granting county, state reimbursement shall be at 100%. The county department under s. 46.215 or 46.22 shall determine the legal settlement of the child. A child under one year of age shall be eligible for aid under this subsection irrespective of any other residence requirement for eligibility within this section.
(b) Aid under this section may also be granted on behalf of a child in the legal custody of a county department under s. 46.215, 46.22 or 46.23 or on behalf of a child who was removed from the home of a relative specified in sub. (1) (a) as a result of a judicial determination that continuance in the home of a relative would be contrary to the child's welfare for any reason when such child is placed in a licensed residential care center for children and youth by the county department. Reimbursement shall be made by the state pursuant to par. (a).
(c) Reimbursement under par. (a) may also be paid to the county when the child is placed in a licensed foster home, group home, or residential care center for children and youth by a licensed child welfare agency or by a federally recognized American Indian tribal governing body in this state or by its designee, if the child is in the legal custody of the county department under s. 46.215, 46.22, or 46.23 or if the child was removed from the home of a relative specified in sub. (1) (a) as a result of a judicial determination that continuance in the home of the relative would be contrary to the child's welfare for any reason and the placement is made under an agreement with the county department.
(d) Aid may also be paid under this section to a licensed foster home, group home, or residential care center for children and youth by the state when the child is in the custody or guardianship of the state, when the child is a ward of an American Indian tribal court in this state and the placement is made under an agreement between the department and the tribal governing body, or when the child was part of the state's direct service case load and was removed from the home of a relative specified in sub. (1) (a) as a result of a judicial determination that continuance in the home of a relative would be contrary to the child's welfare for any reason and the child is placed by the department or the department of corrections.
(e) Notwithstanding pars. (a), (c), and (d), aid under this section may not be granted for placement of a child in a foster home licensed by a federally recognized American Indian tribal governing body, for placement of a child in a foster home or residential care center for children and youth by a tribal governing body or its designee, for the placement of a child who is a ward of a tribal court if the tribal governing body is receiving or is eligible to receive funds from the federal government for that type of placement, or for placement of a child in a group home licensed under s. 48.625.
(11)
(a)
1.
a. Except as provided in subs. (11m) and (11s), monthly payments made under s. 20.437(2) (dz) and (md) to persons or to families with dependent children shall be based on family size and shall be at 80% of the total of the allowances under subds. 2. and 4. plus the following standards of assistance beginning on September 1, 1987: -

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c. Grants shall vary in 2 areas which shall be groups of counties designated by the department based on variation in shelter cost.
2. A monthly allowance of $25 per person for each additional member in the family above 10 shall be added to the standard of assistance specified under subd. 1. a.
3. In determining family size only those who are eligible for assistance shall be included.
4. In accordance with s. 49.19(4) (g), a monthly allowance of $71 for each person in the family who qualifies for a payment under s. 49.19(4) (g) shall be added to the standard of assistance specified under subd. 1. a.
6. All payments that are not whole dollar amounts shall be rounded down to the nearest whole dollar.
7. The department may not make a payment for a month if the amount of the payment would be less than $10.
(11g) When the department submits a copy of the reevaluation of the need standard and payment standard under sub. (11) (a), as required by 42 USC 602(h), the department shall submit a copy of that reevaluation to the chief clerk of each house of the legislature for distribution to the legislature in the manner provided under s. 13.172(3).
(11m)
(a) The department shall apply to the secretary of the federal department of health and human services for approval of a demonstration project under which the department provides a person eligible for aid under this section who is described in par. (am) with monthly payments, for the first 6 months that he or she lives in this state, calculated on the basis of the aid to families with dependent children benefit level in the state in which the family most recently resided for one month or longer. The department shall promulgate a rule establishing the methods and identifying the factors that the department will use to determine the aid to families with dependent children benefit that will be paid under the demonstration project according to family size and state of former residence. The rule shall also establish the initial benefit table to be used in determining benefits under the demonstration project. The department shall publish annual changes to this benefit table in the Wisconsin administrative register. The department shall base the benefit for a family on the aid to families with dependent children benefit available to a typical family of the same size in the other state, taking into account all factors that may affect the amount of the benefit. If a family moves from a state that allows a family to keep a different amount of income without reducing benefits than a family would be allowed to keep in this state, the department shall allow the family to keep a similar amount of income without reducing benefits.
(am) Under the demonstration project, a person is subject to receiving the payments under par. (a) if he or she has not previously resided in this state for at least 6 consecutive months and either:
1. Applies for benefits more than 90 days but fewer than 180 days after moving to this state and is unable to demonstrate to the satisfaction of the county department of social services or human services that he or she was employed for at least 13 weeks after moving to this state; or
2. Applies for benefits within 90 days after moving to this state.
(b) If approval under par. (a) is granted and if the supreme court determines, within 9 months after the department notifies the attorney general that the approval has been granted, that the demonstration project does not violate either the state constitution or the U.S. constitution or the supreme court does not make a decision on the constitutionality of the demonstration project within that time, the department shall implement the demonstration project. The department may conduct the demonstration project for a period not to exceed 36 months. The department may not start the demonstration project before a computerized system for determining the amount of benefits payable to recipients under the demonstration project is complete.
(c) Subject to pars. (b) and (d), the department shall conduct the demonstration project in Kenosha County, Milwaukee County, Racine County and up to 3 other counties. If the department does not initially select Rock County as one of the other counties and if one of the counties specified in this paragraph or initially selected by the department enacts an ordinance or adopts a resolution under par. (d), the department shall give Rock County priority for consideration as a replacement county.
(d) The department may not conduct the demonstration project in a county if the county enacts an ordinance or adopts a resolution objecting to participating in the demonstration project.
(e) [Repealed]
(11s)
(a) The department shall conduct a demonstration project under this subsection pursuant to a waiver from the secretary of the federal department of health and human services beginning on January 1, 1996. To the extent permitted in the waiver, the department may apply pars. (b) to (d) to all recipients of aid under this section or to a test group of recipients of aid under this section determined by the department. Paragraphs (b) to (d) do not apply to persons who are subject to s. 49.25, 1997 stats., and shall apply only while a waiver under this paragraph is in effect and only with respect to recipients covered by the waiver.
(b) In determining the payment amount under sub. (11) (a), a child born into a family more than 10 months after the date that the family was first determined to be eligible for assistance under this section shall not be considered in determining family size unless at least one of the following conditions is met:
1. The family did not receive benefits under this section for a period of at least 6 months, other than as a result of sanctions, and the child was born during that period or not more than 10 months after the family resumed receiving benefits under this section after that period.
2. The child was conceived as a result of a sexual assault in violation of s. 940.225(1), (2) or (3) in which the mother did not indicate a freely given agreement to have sexual intercourse or of incest in violation of s. 944.06 or 948.06 and that incest or sexual assault has been reported to a physician and to law enforcement authorities.
3. The child's mother is a dependent child at the time of the child's birth and the child is born as a result of the mother's first pregnancy that resulted in a live birth.
4. The child does not reside with his or her biological mother or father.
5. The family or child meets the criteria for an exemption from the application of this paragraph under a rule promulgated by the department.
(c) The department shall inform all applicants for aid under this section of the limitation under par. (b) at the time of application.
(d) From the appropriation under s. 20.437(2) (a), the department may award grants to county departments under ss. 46.215, 46.22 and 46.23 for providing education services relating to family planning, as defined in s. 253.07(1) (a), to persons who are subject to par. (b).
(13) When a county department under s. 46.215, 46.22 or 46.23 proposes to terminate, discontinue, suspend or reduce assistance to a recipient under this section such county department shall provide at least the minimum notice required under 42 USC 601 to 613.
(14)
(a) If any check or draft drawn and issued for payment of aid under this section is lost, stolen or destroyed, the department shall request a replacement as provided under s. 20.912(5).
(b) If the secretary of administration is unable to issue a replacement check or draft requested under par. (a) because the original has been paid, the department shall promptly authorize the issuance of a replacement check or draft. If the secretary of administration recovers the amount of the original check or draft that amount shall be returned to the department. If the secretary of administration is unable to obtain recovery, the department may pursue recovery.
(15) By January 1, 1990, the department shall apply for approval of a demonstration project under 42 USC 1315(d) (1) (A) which would test and evaluate the elimination, on a statewide basis, of the limit on the number of hours a parent may work and still be considered unemployed for purposes of eligibility for aid under this section. If the application is approved, the department shall inform the joint committee on finance. The department may implement the demonstration project only if the joint committee on finance approves the demonstration project.
(16) The department shall provide written notice of the penalties under s. 49.29 to each applicant for aid under this section at the time of application and to each person who receives aid under this section on June 18, 1992, at the time of the next redetermination of the person's eligibility.
(17) The department may recover an overpayment of aid under this section from an overpaid family who continues to receive aid by reducing the amount of the family's monthly aid payment by no more than 10% of the maximum monthly payment allowance under sub. (11) for a family of that size.
(19) The department shall request a waiver from the secretary of the federal department of health and human services to allow the department to determine eligibility and payment amounts under this section for a woman entrepreneur who receives a start-up or capital expansion loan through the revolving loan program operated by the women's business initiative corporation without consideration of that loan or of any business income during the start-up period of the woman's business. If the waiver is approved, the department shall implement the waiver.
(19m) Notwithstanding subs. (1) to (19), no aid may be paid under this section for a child on whose behalf a payment is made under s. 49.775.
(20)
(a) Beginning on January 1, 1999, or beginning on the first day of the 6th month beginning after the date stated in the notice under s. 49.141(2) (d), 1997 stats., whichever is sooner, no person is eligible to receive benefits under this section and no aid may be granted under this section. No additional notice, other than the enactment of this paragraph, is required to be given under sub. (13) to recipients of aid under this section to terminate their benefits under this paragraph.
(b) Notwithstanding par. (a):
1. If a nonlegally responsible relative is receiving aid under this section on behalf of a dependent child on October 14, 1997, no aid under this section may be paid to the nonlegally responsible relative after December 31, 1997, or the first reinvestigation under sub. (5) (e) occurring after October 14, 1997, whichever is earlier.
2. If a nonlegally responsible relative is not receiving aid under this section on behalf of a dependent child on October 14, 1997, no aid may be paid to the nonlegally responsible relative on or after October 14, 1997.

Wis. Stat. § 49.19

Amended by Acts 2013 ch, 20,s 1040g, eff. 7/2/2013.
Amended by Acts 2013 ch, 8,s 30, eff. 3/28/2013.
1971 c. 125, 215, 217; 1973 c. 90, 147, 186, 328, 333; 1975 c. 39, 82, 94, 224, 307, 422; 1977 c. 29, 203, 271, 418, 449; 1979 c. 32 s. 92 (4); 1979 c. 34, 206, 221, 352; 1981 c. 1, 20, 93, 314, 317, 391; 1983 a. 27, 161, 192, 245, 310, 430, 447; 1985 a. 29, 120, 176, 281, 332; 1987 a. 27, 307, 399; 1989 a. 31, 107, 122, 359; 1991 a. 39, 178, 269, 313, 315, 316, 322; 1993 a. 16, 99, 326, 395, 437, 446, 481; 1995 a. 12; 1995 a. 27 ss. 2852 to 2871, 9126 (19); 1995 a. 77, 198, 225, 289, 295; 1997 a. 27, 35, 39, 252; 1999 a. 9; 2001 a. 59; 2003 a. 33; 2005 a. 22; 2005 a. 443 s. 265; 2007 a. 20 ss. 1459 to 1463, 9121 (6) (a); 2009 a. 28.