Subject to subsection (b), any alien who-
shall be fined under title 18, or imprisoned not more than 2 years, or both.
Notwithstanding subsection (a), in the case of any alien described in such subsection-
Any alien deported pursuant to section 1252(h)(2) 2 of this title who enters, attempts to enter, or is at any time found in, the United States (unless the Attorney General has expressly consented to such alien's reentry) shall be incarcerated for the remainder of the sentence of imprisonment which was pending at the time of deportation without any reduction for parole or supervised release. Such alien shall be subject to such other penalties relating to the reentry of deported aliens as may be available under this section or any other provision of law.
1 So in original. The period probably should be a semicolon.
2 See References in Text note below.
8 U.S.C. § 1326
REFERENCES IN TEXTThis chapter, referred to in subsec. (a)(2), was in the original a reference to this Act, meaning act June 27, 1952, ch. 477, 66 Stat. 163, known as the Immigration and Nationality Act, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under sectionof this title and Tables.Section of this title, referred to in subsec. (c), was amended generally by Pub. L. 104-208, div. C, title III, §306(a)(2), Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009-607, and, as so amended, does not contain a subsec. (h). For provisions similar to those formerly contained in section of this title, see section of this title.
AMENDMENTS1996- Pub. L. 104-208, §308(e)(14)(A), amended section catchline.Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 104-208, §308(d)(4)(J)(i), substituted "denied admission, excluded, deported, or removed" for "arrested and deported, has been excluded and deported," and "exclusion, deportation, or removal" for "exclusion or deportation". Pub. L. 104-208, §324(a), amended par. (1) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (1) read as follows: "has been arrested and deported or excluded and deported, and thereafter".Subsec. (a)(2)(B). Pub. L. 104-208, §308(d)(4)(J)(ii), substituted "denied admission and removed" for "excluded and deported".Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-208, §324(b), inserted "(or not during)" after "during" in concluding provisions. Pub. L. 104-208, §308(e)(1)(K), substituted "removal" for "deportation" wherever appearing in pars. (1) and (2) and in concluding provisions.Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 104-208, §305(b)(1), struck out "or" at end.Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 104-208, §305(b)(2), inserted "or" at end. Pub. L. 104-132, §401(c), added par. (3).Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 104-208, §305(b)(3), added par. (4).Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104-132, §438(b), added subsec. (c).Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104-132, §441(a), added subsec. (d).1994-Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103-322 in par. (1), inserted "three or more misdemeanors involving drugs, crimes against the person, or both, or" after "commission of" and substituted "10" for "5", in par. (2), substituted "20" for "15", and added concluding sentence.1990-Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101-649 substituted "shall be fined under title 18, or imprisoned not more than 2 years" for "shall be guilty of a felony, and upon conviction thereof, be punished by imprisonment of not more than two years, or by a fine of not more than $1,000".1988- Pub. L. 100-690 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), substituted "Subject to subsection (b), any alien" for "Any alien", and added subsec. (b).
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENTSAmendment by sections 305(b) and 308(d)(4)(J), (e)(1)(K), (14)(A) of Pub. L. 104-208 effective, with certain transitional provisions, on the first day of the first month beginning more than 180 days after Sept. 30, 1996, see section 309 of Pub. L. 104-208 set out as a note under sectionof this title. Pub. L. 104-208, div. C, title III, §324(c), Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009-629, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to departures that occurred before, on, or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 30, 1996], but only with respect to entries (and attempted entries) occurring on or after such date." Pub. L. 104-132, title IV, §401(f), Apr. 24, 1996, 110 Stat. 1268, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [enacting sections to of this title and amending this section and section of this title] shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act [Apr. 24, 1996] and shall apply to all aliens without regard to the date of entry or attempted entry into the United States." Pub. L. 104-132, title IV, §441(b), Apr. 24, 1996, 110 Stat. 1279, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to criminal proceedings initiated after the date of enactment of this Act [Apr. 24, 1996]."
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1990 AMENDMENTAmendment by Pub. L. 101-649 applicable to actions taken after Nov. 29, 1990, see section 543(c) of Pub. L. 101-649 set out as a note under sectionof this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1988 AMENDMENTPub. L. 100-690, title VII, §7345(b), Nov. 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 4471, provided that: "The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to any alien who enters, attempts to enter, or is found in, the United States on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 18, 1988]."
ABOLITION OF IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE AND TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONSFor abolition of Immigration and Naturalization Service, transfer of functions, and treatment of related references, see note set out under section of this title.
REFERENCES TO ORDER OF REMOVAL DEEMED TO INCLUDE ORDER OF EXCLUSION AND DEPORTATIONFor purposes of carrying out this chapter, any reference in law to an order of removal is deemed to include a reference to an order of exclusion and deportation or an order of deportation, see section 309(d)(2) of Pub. L. 104-208 set out in an Effective Date of 1996 Amendments note under section of this title.
- Attorney General
- The term "Attorney General" means the Attorney General of the United States.
- The term "Service" means the Immigration and Naturalization Service of the Department of Justice.
- The term "State" includes the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Virgin Islands of the United States, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
- The term "alien" means any person not a citizen or national of the United States.
- The term "conviction" means, with respect to an alien, a formal judgment of guilt of the alien entered by a court or, if adjudication of guilt has been withheld, where-(i) a judge or jury has found the alien guilty or the alien has entered a plea of guilty or nolo contendere or has admitted sufficient facts to warrant a finding of guilt, and(ii) the judge has ordered some form of punishment, penalty, or restraint on the alien's liberty to be imposed.
- The term "naturalization" means the conferring of nationality of a state upon a person after birth, by any means whatsoever.
- order of deportation
- The term "order of deportation" means the order of the special inquiry officer, or other such administrative officer to whom the Attorney General has delegated the responsibility for determining whether an alien is deportable, concluding that the alien is deportable or ordering deportation.
- The term "person" means an individual or an organization.
- The terms "admission" and "admitted" mean, with respect to an alien, the lawful entry of the alien into the United States after inspection and authorization by an immigration officer.