The Congress finds that animals and activities which are regulated under this chapter are either in interstate or foreign commerce or substantially affect such commerce or the free flow thereof, and that regulation of animals and activities as provided in this chapter is necessary to prevent and eliminate burdens upon such commerce and to effectively regulate such commerce, in order-
The Congress further finds that it is essential to regulate, as provided in this chapter, the transportation, purchase, sale, housing, care, handling, and treatment of animals by carriers or by persons or organizations engaged in using them for research or experimental purposes or for exhibition purposes or holding them for sale as pets or for any such purpose or use.
7 U.S.C. § 2131
AMENDMENTS1976-Pub. L. 94-279 restated and expanded objectives of this chapter to include regulation of animals and activities in, or substantially affecting, interstate or foreign commerce in order to prevent and eliminate burdens on such commerce and to assure the humane treatment of animals during transportation. 1970- Pub. L. 91-579 restated objectives to include all animals as defined instead of only cats and dogs and expanded coverage to regulate animals intended for use for exhibition purposes or for use as pets.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1985 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 99-198, title XVII, §1759, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1650, provided that: "This subtitle [subtitle F (§§1751-1759), enacting sectionof this title, amending sections , to , and of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section] shall take effect 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 23, 1985]."
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1970 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 91-579, §23, Dec. 24, 1970, 84 Stat. 1565, provided that: "The amendments made by this Act [enacting sectionof this title, amending this section and sections , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and of this title, repealing section of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section] shall take effect one year after the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 24, 1970], except for the amendments to sections 16, 17, 19, and 20 of the Act of August 24, 1966 [sections , , , and of this title], which shall become effective thirty days after the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 24, 1970]".
SHORT TITLE OF 1976 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 94-279, §1, Apr. 22, 1976, 90 Stat. 417, provided: "That this Act [enacting section Animal Welfare Act Amendments of 1976'."of this title, amending this section, sections , , , to , , to of this title, and section of Title 39, Postal Service, repealing section of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section] may be cited as the '
SHORT TITLE OF 1970 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 91-579, §1, Dec. 24, 1970, 84 Stat. 1560, provided: "That this Act [enacting section Animal Welfare Act of 1970'."of this title, amending this section and sections , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and of this title, repealing section of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section] may be cited as the '
SHORT TITLEPub. L. 89-544, §1(a), as added by Pub. L. 94-279, §2, Apr. 22, 1976, 90 Stat. 417, provided: "That this Act [enacting this chapter] may be cited as the 'Animal Welfare Act'."
CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS FOR 1985 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 99-198 subtitle F (§§1751-1759), §1751, Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1645, provided that: "For the purposes of this subtitle [see Effective Date of 1985 Amendment note above], the Congress finds that- "(1) the use of animals is instrumental in certain research and education for advancing knowledge of cures and treatment for diseases and injuries which afflict both humans and animals; "(2) methods of testing that do not use animals are being and continue to be developed which are faster, less expensive, and more accurate than traditional animal experiments for some purposes and further opportunities exist for the development of these methods of testing;"(3) measures which eliminate or minimize the unnecessary duplication of experiments on animals can result in more productive use of Federal funds; and "(4) measures which help meet the public concern for laboratory animal care and treatment are important in assuring that research will continue to progress."
EXTENDED DEFINITION OF "ANIMAL" Pub. L. 99-198 1756(b), Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1650, provided that: "For purposes of this Act [see Tables for classification], the term 'animal' shall have the same meaning as defined in section 2(g) of the Animal Welfare Act ( )."
- The term "animal" means any live or dead dog, cat, monkey (nonhuman primate mammal), guinea pig, hamster, rabbit, or such other warm-blooded animal, as the Secretary may determine is being used, or is intended for use, for research, testing, experimentation, or exhibition purposes, or as a pet; but such term excludes (1) birds, rats of the genus Rattus, and mice of the genus Mus, bred for use in research, (2) horses not used for research purposes, and (3) other farm animals, such as, but not limited to livestock or poultry, used or intended for use as food or fiber, or livestock or poultry used or intended for use for improving animal nutrition, breeding, management, or production efficiency, or for improving the quality of food or fiber. With respect to a dog, the term means all dogs including those used for hunting, security, or breeding purposes.
- The term "commerce" means trade, traffic, transportation, or other commerce- (1) between a place in a State and any place outside of such State, or between points within the same State but through any place outside thereof, or within any territory, possession, or the District of Columbia;(2) which affects trade, traffic, transportation, or other commerce described in paragraph (1).