7 U.S.C. § 2019

Current through P.L. 117-57 (published on www.congress.gov on 11/12/2021)
Section 2019 - Redemption of program benefits

Regulations issued pursuant to this chapter shall provide for the redemption of benefits accepted by retail food stores through approved wholesale food concerns or through financial institutions which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, or which are insured under the Federal Credit Union Act [ 12 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.] and have retail food stores or wholesale food concerns in their field of membership, with the cooperation of the Treasury Department, except that retail food stores defined in section 2012(o)(4) of this title shall be authorized to redeem their members' food benefits prior to receipt by the members of the food so purchased, retail food stores authorized to accept and redeem benefits through on-line transactions shall be authorized to accept benefits prior to the delivery of food if the delivery occurs within a reasonable time of the purchase, as determined by the Secretary, and publicly operated community mental health centers or private nonprofit organizations or institutions which serve meals to narcotics addicts or alcoholics in drug addiction or alcoholic treatment and rehabilitation programs, public and private nonprofit shelters that prepare and serve meals for battered women and children, and public or private nonprofit group living arrangements that serve meals to disabled or blind residents, shall not be authorized to redeem benefits through financial institutions which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or the Federal Credit Union Act. Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, a center, organization, institution, shelter, group living arrangement, or establishment described in that sentence may be authorized to redeem benefits through a financial institution described in that sentence if the center, organization, institution, shelter, group living arrangement, or establishment is equipped with 1 or more point-of-sale devices and is operating in an area in which an electronic benefit transfer system described in section 2016(h) of this title has been implemented. No financial institution may impose on or collect from a retail food store a fee or other charge for the redemption of benefits that are submitted to the financial institution in a manner consistent with the requirements, other than any requirements relating to cancellation of benefits, for the presentation of benefits by financial institutions to the Federal Reserve banks.

7 U.S.C. § 2019

Pub. L. 88-525, §10, Aug. 31, 1964, 78 Stat. 706; Pub. L. 91-671, §6, Jan. 11, 1971, 84 Stat. 2051; Pub. L. 92-603, title IV, §411(c)-(e), Oct. 30, 1972, 86 Stat. 1491; Pub. L. 93-86, §3(f), (i), (k), Aug. 10, 1973, 87 Stat. 247, 248; Pub. L. 93-125, §1(j), Oct. 18, 1973, 87 Stat. 450; Pub. L. 95-113, title XIII, §1301, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 969; Pub. L. 96-58, §8, Aug. 14, 1979, 93 Stat. 392; Pub. L. 96-249, title I, §101(b), May 26, 1980, 94 Stat. 357; Pub. L. 97-98, title XIII, §1315, Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1285; Pub. L. 99-198, title XV, §§1501(b), 1522, 1523(a), Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1566, 1580; Pub. L. 99-570, title XI, §11002(e), Oct. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 3207-168; Pub. L. 107-171, title IV, §4113(a), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 313; Pub. L. 110-234, title IV, §4115(b)(7), May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1107; Pub. L. 110-246, §4(a), title IV, §4115(b)(7), June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1868; Pub. L. 113-79, title IV, §4011(b)(2)(B), Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 793; Pub. L. 115-334, title IV, §4022(4), Dec. 20, 2018, 132 Stat. 4653.

REFERENCES IN TEXTThe Federal Credit Union Act, referred to in text, is act June 26, 1934, ch. 750, 48 Stat. 1216, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 14 (§1751 et seq.) of Title 12, Banks and Banking. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 1751 of Title 12 and Tables.

CODIFICATIONPub. L. 110-234 and Pub. L. 110-246 made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110-234 were repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110-246.

AMENDMENTS2018- Pub. L. 115-334 in first sentence, struck out "or the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation" after "the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation" in two places and substituted "2012(o)(4)" for "2012(p)(4)". 2014- Pub. L. 113-79 inserted "retail food stores authorized to accept and redeem benefits through on-line transactions shall be authorized to accept benefits prior to the delivery of food if the delivery occurs within a reasonable time of the purchase, as determined by the Secretary," after "food so purchased,". 2008- Pub. L. 110-246, §4115(b)(7), in section catchline, substituted "program benefits" for "coupons" and, in text, substituted "section 2012(p)(4)" for "section 2012(k)(4)" and "section 2016(h)" for "section 2016(i)" and substituted "benefits" for "coupons" wherever appearing.2002- Pub. L. 107-171 inserted after first sentence "Notwithstanding the preceding sentence, a center, organization, institution, shelter, group living arrangement, or establishment described in that sentence may be authorized to redeem coupons through a financial institution described in that sentence if the center, organization, institution, shelter, group living arrangement, or establishment is equipped with 1 or more point-of-sale devices and is operating in an area in which an electronic benefit transfer system described in section 2016(i) of this title has been implemented."1986- Pub. L. 99-570, §11002(e), (f), temporarily struck out "and" after "battered women and children," and inserted ", and public or private nonprofit establishments, or public or private nonprofit shelters that feed individuals who do not reside in permanent dwellings and individuals who have no fixed mailing addresses". See Effective and Termination Dates of 1986 Amendment note below. 1985- Pub. L. 99-198, §1501(b), inserted reference to publicly operated community mental health centers. Pub. L. 99-198, §1522, inserted ", or which are insured under the Federal Credit Union Act and have retail food stores or wholesale food concerns in their field of membership" and "or the Federal Credit Union Act".Pub. L. 99-198, §1523(a), inserted sentence providing that no financial institution may impose on or collect from a retail food store a fee or other charge for the redemption of coupons that are submitted to the financial institution in a manner consistent with the requirements, other than any requirements relating to cancellation of coupons, for the presentation of coupons by financial institutions to the Federal Reserve banks. 1981- Pub. L. 97-98 substituted "financial institutions which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation" for "banks" wherever appearing.1980- Pub. L. 96-249 substituted "purchased," for "purchased" and "residents" for "residents," and inserted ", public and private nonprofit shelters that prepare and serve meals for battered women and children" after "programs". 1979- Pub. L. 96-58 inserted provisions relating to public and private nonprofit group living arrangements that serve meals to disabled or blind residents. 1977- Pub. L. 95-113 substituted revised provisions covering redemption of coupons for provisions relating to administration of program which are now covered by section 2020 of this title. 1973-Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 93-86, §3(i), inserted cls. (6) and (7), designated former cl. (6) as (8), and inserted provision relating to time for submission of plan of operation to Secretary for approval and time for Secretary to make a determination of approval or disapproval of such plan.Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 93-125 inserted "members of" after "the Secretary shall permit".Pub. L. 93-86, §3(k), inserted provisions authorizing meal purchases from senior citizens' centers, apartment buildings occupied primarily by elderly persons, any public or nonprofit private school which prepares meals especially for elderly persons, any public or nonprofit private eating establishment which prepares meals especially for elderly persons during special hours, and any other public or nonprofit private establishment approved for such purpose by the Secretary. Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 93-86, §3(f), added subsec. (i).1972-Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 92-603, §411(c), struck out provisions relating to filing of an affidavit by household for certification of eligibility for public assistance. Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 92-603, §411(d), (e), substituted "prescribed by the Secretary in the regulations issued pursuant to this chapter" for "used by them in the certification of applicants for benefits under the federally aided public assistance programs" in cl. (2), and struck out provisions requiring the State agency to institute procedures under which any household participating in the food stamp program shall be entitled to have the charges for its coupon allotment deducted from grants or payments such household is entitled to receive and have its coupon allotment distributed to it with such grant or payment.1971-Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 91-671, §6(a), inserted provisions respecting certification of eligibility for benefits by execution of an affidavit and duration of validity of a certification upon removal of a household from one political subdivision to another.Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 91-671, §6(b), substituted "regulations" for "regulation" in second sentence preceding cl. (1) and "from time to time may" for "may from time to time", and added cls. (5) and (6) and provision for withholding in the State plan.Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 91-671, §6(c), added subsec. (h).

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2008 AMENDMENT Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110-234 by Pub. L. 110-246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110-234 except as otherwise provided, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110-246 set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title. Amendment by section 4115(b)(7) of Pub. L. 110-246 effective Oct. 1, 2008, see section 4407 of Pub. L. 110-246 set out as a note under section 1161 of Title 2, The Congress.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2002 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 107-171, title IV, §4113(b), May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 314, provided that: "The amendment made by this section [amending this section] takes effect on the date of enactment of this Act [May 13, 2002]."

EFFECTIVE AND TERMINATION DATES OF 1986 AMENDMENTAmendment by Pub. L. 99-570 effective, and to be implemented by issuance of final regulations, not later than Apr. 1, 1987, and cease to be effective after Sept. 30, 1990, see section 11002(f)(1), (2) of Pub. L. 99-570 set out as a note under section 2012 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1981 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective on earlier of Sept. 8, 1982, or date such amendment became effective pursuant to section 1338 of Pub. L. 97-98 set out as a note under section 2012 of this title, see section 192(b) of Pub. L. 97-253 set out as a note under section 2012 of this title. Amendment by Pub. L. 97-98 effective upon such date as Secretary of Agriculture may prescribe, taking into account need for orderly implementation, see section 1338 of Pub. L. 97-98 set out as a note under section 2012 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1979 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 96-58 to be implemented in all States by July 1, 1980, but not to affect the rights or liabilities of Secretary, States, and applicant or participant households under provisions of this chapter as in effect on July 1, 1979, until implemented, see section 10(c) of Pub. L. 96-58 set out as a note under section 2012 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1977 AMENDMENTPub. L. 95-113, title XIII, §1301, Sept. 29, 1977, 91 Stat. 958, provided that the amendment made by section 1301 is effective Oct. 1, 1977.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1972 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 92-603 effective Jan. 1, 1973, see section 411(h) of Pub. L. 92-603 set out as a note under section 2012 of this title.

REGULATIONSPub. L. 99-198, title XV, §1523(b), Dec. 23, 1985, 99 Stat. 1580, provided that: "The Secretary of Agriculture, in consultation with the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, shall issue regulations implementing the amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section]."

PUBLICLY OPERATED COMMUNITY HEALTH CENTERS Provisions of this section concerning private, nonprofit drug addiction or alcoholic treatment and rehabilitation programs to be applicable to publicly operated community health centers, see section 101(b) of Pub. L. 98-107 set out in part as a note under section 2012 of this title.

EXTENSION UNTIL OCTOBER 1, 1976, OF FINAL DATE FOR COMPLIANCE WITH REGULATIONS GOVERNING USE OF FOOD STAMPS BY AFDC FAMILIESPub. L. 94-182, title II, §201, Dec. 31, 1975, 89 Stat. 1056, permitted the final date for compliance with regulations implementing former subsec. (e)(7) of this section to be extended until Oct. 1, 1976.

Allotment
"Allotment" means the total value of benefits a household is authorized to receive during each month.
Coupon
"Coupon" means any coupon, stamp, type of certificate, authorization card, cash or check issued in lieu of a coupon.
Household
"Household" means- (A) an individual who lives alone or who, while living with others, customarily purchases food and prepares meals for home consumption separate and apart from the others; or(B) a group of individuals who live together and customarily purchase food and prepare meals together for home consumption.
Retail food store
"Retail food store" means- (1) an establishment, house-to-house trade route, or online entity that sells food for home preparation and consumption and-(A) offers for sale, on a continuous basis, a variety of at least 7 foods in each of the 4 categories of staple foods specified in subsection (q)(1), including perishable foods in at least 3 of the categories; or(B) has over 50 percent of the total sales of the establishment or route in staple foods,as determined by visual inspection, sales records, purchase records, counting of stockkeeping units, or other inventory or accounting recordkeeping methods that are customary or reasonable in the retail food industry;(2) an establishment, organization, program, or group living arrangement referred to in paragraphs (3), (4), (5), (7), (8), and (9) of subsection (k);(3) a store purveying the hunting and fishing equipment described in subsection (k)(6);(4) any private nonprofit cooperative food purchasing venture, including those in which the members pay for food purchased prior to the receipt of such food, or agricultural producers who market agricultural products directly to consumers; and(5) a governmental or private nonprofit food purchasing and delivery service that-(A) purchases food for, and delivers the food to, individuals who are- (i) unable to shop for food; and(ii)(I) not less than 60 years of age; or(II) physically or mentally handicapped or otherwise disabled;(B) clearly notifies the participating household at the time the household places a food order- (i) of any delivery fee associated with the food purchase and delivery provided to the household by the service; and(ii) that a delivery fee cannot be paid with benefits provided under supplemental nutrition assistance program; and(C) sells food purchased for the household at the price paid by the service for the food and without any additional cost markup.
Secretary
"Secretary" means the Secretary of Agriculture.
State agency
"State agency" means (1) the agency of State government, including the local offices thereof, which has the responsibility for the administration of the federally aided public assistance programs within such State, and in those States where such assistance programs are operated on a decentralized basis, the term shall include the counterpart local agencies administering such programs, and (2) the tribal organization of an Indian tribe determined by the Secretary to be capable of effectively administering a food distribution program under section 2013(b) of this title or a supplemental nutrition assistance program under section 2020(d) of this title.
State
"State" means the fifty States, the District of Columbia, Guam, the Virgin Islands of the United States, and the reservations of an Indian tribe whose tribal organization meets the requirements of this chapter for participation as a State agency.