The Congress finds with respect to solid waste-
The Congress finds with respect to the environment and health, that-
The Congress finds with respect to materials, that-
The Congress finds with respect to energy, that-
42 U.S.C. § 6901
Pub. L. 89-272, title II, §1002, as added Pub. L. 94-580, §2, Oct. 21, 1976, 90 Stat. 2796; amended Pub. L. 95-609, §7(a), Nov. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 3081; Pub. L. 98-616, title I, §101(a), Nov. 8, 1984, 98 Stat. 3224.
REFERENCES IN TEXTThe Clean Air Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(3), is act July 14, 1955, ch. 360, 69 Stat. 322, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 85 (§7401 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under sectionof this title and Tables.The Water Pollution Control Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(3), probably means act June 30, 1948, ch. 758, 62 Stat. 1155, known as the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended generally by Pub. L. 92-500, §2, Oct. 18, 1972, 86 Stat. 816, which is classified generally to chapter 26 (§1251 et seq.) of Title 33, Navigation and Navigable Waters. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section of Title 33 and Tables.
CODIFICATIONThe statutory system governing the disposal of solid wastes set out in this chapter is found in Pub. L. 89-272 as amended in its entirety and completely revised by section 2 of Pub. L. 94-580, Oct. 21, 1976, 90 Stat. 2795. See Short Title of 1976 Amendment note below. The act, as set out in this chapter, carries a statutory credit showing the sections as having been added by Pub. L. 94-580 without reference to amendments to the act between its original enactment in 1965 and its complete revision in 1976. The act, as originally enacted in 1965, was classified to section 3251 et seq. of this title. For a recapitulation of the provisions of the act as originally enacted, see notes in chapter 39 (§3251 et seq.) of this title where the act was originally set out.
AMENDMENTS 1984-Subsec. (b)(5) to (8). Pub. L. 98-616 added pars. (5) to (7), struck out former par. (5) providing that "hazardous waste presents, in addition to the problems associated with non-hazardous solid waste, special dangers to health and requires a greater degree of regulation than does non-hazardous solid waste; and", redesignated former par. (6) as (8), and substituted a period for the semicolon at end. 1978-Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 95-609 substituted "solid waste" for "solid-waste".
SHORT TITLE OF 2005 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 109-58, title XV, §15211521,, 119 Stat. 1092, provided that: "This subtitle [subtitle B (§§1521-1533) of title XV of Pub. L. 109-58 enacting sectionsto of this title, amending sections to , , and of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under section of this title] may be cited as the 'Underground Storage Tank Compliance Act'."
SHORT TITLE OF 1996 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 104-119, §1, Mar. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 830, provided that: "This Act [amending sections Disposal Program Flexibility Act of 1996'.", , , , and of this title and enacting provisions set out as a note under section of this title] may be cited as the 'Land
SHORT TITLE OF 1992 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 102-386, title I, §101, Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1505, provided that: "This title [enacting sections, to , and of this title, amending sections , , , and of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under sections and of this title] may be cited as the 'Federal Facility Compliance Act of 1992'."
SHORT TITLE OF 1988 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 100-582, §1, Nov. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2950, provided that: "This Act [enacting sectionsto of this title and section of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure, and amending section of this title] may be cited as the 'Medical Waste Tracking Act of 1988'."
SHORT TITLE OF 1984 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 98-616, §1, Nov. 8, 1984, 98 Stat. 3221, provided that: "This Act [enacting sections Solid Waste Amendments of 1984'.", to , , , , and to of this title, amending this section and sections , , , , , to , , to , , , , , , , and of this title and enacting provisions set out as notes under sections , and of this title] may be cited as 'The Hazardous and
SHORT TITLE OF 1980 AMENDMENTS Pub. L. 96-482, §1, Oct. 21, 1980, 94 Stat. 2334, provided: "This Act [enacting sections Solid Waste Disposal Act Amendments of 1980'."Pub. L. 96-463, §1, Oct. 15, 1980, 94 Stat. 2055, provided: "This Act [enacting sections , and of this title, amending sections , and of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under sections and of this title] may be cited as the 'Used Oil Recycling Act of 1980'.", , , , and of this title, amending sections , , , , , , , , , to , to , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and of this title; and enacting and repealing provisions set out as a note under section of this title] may be cited as the '
SHORT TITLE OF 1976 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 94-580, §1, Oct. 21, 1976, 90 Stat. 2795, provided that: "This Act [enacting this chapter and provisions set out as notes under this section and section Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976'."of this title] may be cited as the '
SHORT TITLEPub. L. 89-272, title II, §1001, as added by Pub. L. 94-580, §2, Oct. 21, 1976, 90 Stat. 2795, provided that: "This title (hereinafter in this title referred to as 'this Act'), together with the following table of contents, may be cited as the 'Solid Waste Disposal Act' " [table of contents omitted].
FEDERAL COMPLIANCE WITH POLLUTION CONTROL STANDARDSFor provisions relating to the responsibility of the head of each Executive agency for compliance with applicable pollution control standards, see Ex. Ord. No. 12088, Oct. 13, 1978, 43 F.R. 47707, set out as a note under sectionof this title.
NATIONAL COMMISSION ON MATERIALS POLICYPub. L. 91-512, title II, §§201-206, Oct. 26, 1970, 84 Stat. 1234, known as the "National Materials Policy Act of 1970", provided for the establishment of the National Commission on Materials Policy to make a full investigation and study for the purpose of developing a national materials policy to utilize present resources and technology more efficiently and to anticipate the future materials requirements of the Nation and the world, the Commission to submit to the President and Congress a report on its findings and recommendations no later than June 30, 1973, ninety days after the submission of which it should cease to exist.
- The term "State" means any of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
- The term "demonstration" means the initial exhibition of a new technology process or practice or a significantly new combination or use of technologies, processes or practices, subsequent to the development stage, for the purpose of proving technological feasibility and cost effectiveness.
- The term "disposal" means the discharge, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking, or placing of any solid waste or hazardous waste into or on any land or water so that such solid waste or hazardous waste or any constituent thereof may enter the environment or be emitted into the air or discharged into any waters, including ground waters.
- hazardous waste management
- The term "hazardous waste management" means the systematic control of the collection, source separation, storage, transportation, processing, treatment, recovery, and disposal of hazardous wastes.
- hazardous waste
- The term "hazardous waste" means a solid waste, or combination of solid wastes, which because of its quantity, concentration, or physical, chemical, or infectious characteristics may- (A) cause, or significantly contribute to an increase in mortality or an increase in serious irreversible, or incapacitating reversible, illness; or (B) pose a substantial present or potential hazard to human health or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, or disposed of, or otherwise managed.
- The term "manifest" means the form used for identifying the quantity, composition, and the origin, routing, and destination of hazardous waste during its transportation from the point of generation to the point of disposal, treatment, or storage.
- The term "recoverable" refers to the capability and likelihood of being recovered from solid waste for a commercial or industrial use.
- resource conservation
- The term "resource conservation" means reduction of the amounts of solid waste that are generated, reduction of overall resource consumption, and utilization of recovered resources.
- The term "sludge" means any solid, semisolid or liquid waste generated from a municipal, commercial, or industrial wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility or any other such waste having similar characteristics and effects.
- solid waste
- The term "solid waste" means any garbage, refuse, sludge from a waste treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility and other discarded material, including solid, liquid, semisolid, or contained gaseous material resulting from industrial, commercial, mining, and agricultural operations, and from community activities, but does not include solid or dissolved material in domestic sewage, or solid or dissolved materials in irrigation return flows or industrial discharges which are point sources subject to permits under section 1342 of title 33, or source, special nuclear, or byproduct material as defined by the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended (68 Stat. 923) [ 42 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.].
- used oil
- The term "used oil" means any oil which has been- (A) refined from crude oil, (B) used, and (C) as a result of such use, contaminated by physical or chemical impurities.