There is hereby established as an agency of Congress the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission (in this section referred to as the "Commission").
The Commission shall-
Specifically, the Commission shall review, with respect to the Medicare+Choice program under part C, the following:
Specifically, the Commission shall review payment policies under parts A and B, including-
Specifically, the Commission shall review the effect of payment policies under this subchapter on the delivery of health care services other than under this subchapter and assess the implications of changes in health care delivery in the United States and in the general market for health care services on the medicare program.
If the Secretary submits to Congress (or a committee of Congress) a report that is required by law and that relates to payment policies under this subchapter, the Secretary shall transmit a copy of the report to the Commission. The Commission shall review the report and, not later than 6 months after the date of submittal of the Secretary's report to Congress, shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress written comments on such report. Such comments may include such recommendations as the Commission deems appropriate.
The Commission shall consult periodically with the chairmen and ranking minority members of the appropriate committees of Congress regarding the Commission's agenda and progress towards achieving the agenda. The Commission may conduct additional reviews, and submit additional reports to the appropriate committees of Congress, from time to time on such topics relating to the program under this subchapter as may be requested by such chairmen and members and as the Commission deems appropriate.
The Commission shall transmit to the Secretary a copy of each report submitted under this subsection and shall make such reports available to the public.
For purposes of this section, the term "appropriate committees of Congress" means the Committees on Ways and Means and Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance of the Senate.
With respect to each recommendation contained in a report submitted under paragraph (1), each member of the Commission shall vote on the recommendation, and the Commission shall include, by member, the results of that vote in the report containing the recommendation.
Before making any recommendations, the Commission shall examine the budget consequences of such recommendations, directly or through consultation with appropriate expert entities.
The Commission shall review and report on aggregate trends in spending, utilization, and financial performance under the Medicaid program under subchapter XIX and the private market for health care services with respect to providers for which, on an aggregate national basis, a significant portion of revenue or services is associated with the Medicaid program. Where appropriate, the Commission shall conduct such review in consultation with the Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission established under sectionof this title (in this section referred to as "MACPAC").
The Commission shall coordinate and consult with the Federal Coordinated Health Care Office established under section 2081 2 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act before making any recommendations regarding dual eligible individuals.
The Commission shall consult with MACPAC in carrying out its duties under this section, as appropriate. Responsibility for analysis of and recommendations to change Medicare policy regarding Medicare beneficiaries, including Medicare beneficiaries who are dually eligible for Medicare and Medicaid, shall rest with the Commission. Responsibility for analysis of and recommendations to change Medicaid policy regarding Medicaid beneficiaries, including Medicaid beneficiaries who are dually eligible for Medicare and Medicaid, shall rest with MACPAC.
The Commission shall be composed of 17 members appointed by the Comptroller General.
The membership of the Commission shall include individuals with national recognition for their expertise in health finance and economics, actuarial science, health facility management, health plans and integrated delivery systems, reimbursement of health facilities, allopathic and osteopathic physicians, and other providers of health services, and other related fields, who provide a mix of different professionals, broad geographic representation, and a balance between urban and rural representatives.
The membership of the Commission shall include (but not be limited to) physicians and other health professionals, experts in the area of pharmaco-economics or prescription drug benefit programs, employers, third-party payers, individuals skilled in the conduct and interpretation of biomedical, health services, and health economics research and expertise in outcomes and effectiveness research and technology assessment. Such membership shall also include representatives of consumers and the elderly.
Individuals who are directly involved in the provision, or management of the delivery, of items and services covered under this subchapter shall not constitute a majority of the membership of the Commission.
The Comptroller General shall establish a system for public disclosure by members of the Commission of financial and other potential conflicts of interest relating to such members. Members of the Commission shall be treated as employees of Congress for purposes of applying subchapter I of chapter 131 of title 5.
The terms of members of the Commission shall be for 3 years except that the Comptroller General shall designate staggered terms for the members first appointed.
Any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring before the expiration of the term for which the member's predecessor was appointed shall be appointed only for the remainder of that term. A member may serve after the expiration of that member's term until a successor has taken office. A vacancy in the Commission shall be filled in the manner in which the original appointment was made.
While serving on the business of the Commission (including traveltime), a member of the Commission shall be entitled to compensation at the per diem equivalent of the rate provided for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section United States Senate.of title 5; and while so serving away from home and the member's regular place of business, a member may be allowed travel expenses, as authorized by the Chairman of the Commission. Physicians serving as personnel of the Commission may be provided a physician comparability allowance by the Commission in the same manner as Government physicians may be provided such an allowance by an agency under section of title 5, and for such purpose subsection (i) of such section shall apply to the Commission in the same manner as it applies to the Tennessee Valley Authority. For purposes of pay (other than pay of members of the Commission) and employment benefits, rights, and privileges, all personnel of the Commission shall be treated as if they were employees of the
The Comptroller General shall designate a member of the Commission, at the time of appointment of the member as Chairman and a member as Vice Chairman for that term of appointment, except that in the case of vacancy of the Chairmanship or Vice Chairmanship, the Comptroller General may designate another member for the remainder of that member's term.
The Commission shall meet at the call of the Chairman.
Subject to such review as the Comptroller General deems necessary to assure the efficient administration of the Commission, the Commission may-
The Commission may secure directly from any department or agency of the United States information necessary to enable it to carry out this section. Upon request of the Chairman, the head of that department or agency shall furnish that information to the Commission on an agreed upon schedule.
In order to carry out its functions, the Commission shall-
The Comptroller General shall have unrestricted access to all deliberations, records, and nonproprietary data of the Commission, immediately upon request.
The Commission shall be subject to periodic audit by the Comptroller General.
The Commission shall submit requests for appropriations in the same manner as the Comptroller General submits requests for appropriations, but amounts appropriated for the Commission shall be separate from amounts appropriated for the Comptroller General.
There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section. Sixty percent of such appropriation shall be payable from the Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund, and 40 percent of such appropriation shall be payable from the Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Fund.
1 So in original.
2 See References in Text note below.
42 U.S.C. § 1395b-6
REFERENCES IN TEXTThe Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, referred to in subsec. (b)(10), is Pub. L. 111-148, 124 Stat. 119. The Act does not contain a section 2081. The Federal Coordinated Health Care Office is established in section 2602(a)(1) of the Act, which is classified to sectionof this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section of this title and Tables.
CODIFICATIONIn subsec. (d)(3), "sectionof title 41" substituted for "section 3709 of the Revised Statutes ( ) " on authority of Pub. L. 111-350 §6(c), Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 3854, which Act enacted Title 41, Public Contracts.
AMENDMENTS2022-Subsec. (c)(2)(D). Pub. L. 117-286 substituted "subchapter I of chapter 131 of title 5." for "title I of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-521)."2018-Subsec. (b)(4) to (9). Pub. L. 115-123 struck out par. (4), redesignated former pars. (5) to (8) as (4) to (7), respectively, and redesignated former par. (9) relating to examination of budget consequences as par. (8). Prior to amendment, par. (4) related to review and comment on proposals submitted to the Commission. 2010-Subsec. (b)(1)(C). Pub. L. 111-148 §2801(b)(1), substituted "March 15" for "March 1 of each year (beginning with 1998)".Subsec. (b)(1)(D). Pub. L. 111-148 §2801(b)(2), inserted ", and (beginning with 2012) containing an examination of the topics described in paragraph (9), to the extent feasible" before the period.Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 111-148 §3403(c)(2), added par. (4). Former par. (4) redesignated (5).Subsec. (b)(5) to (8). Pub. L. 111-148 §3403(c)(1), redesignated pars. (4) to (7) as (5) to (8), respectively. Former par. (8) relating to examination of budget consequences redesignated (9).Subsec. (b)(9). Pub. L. 111-148 §3403(c)(1), redesignated par. (8) relating to examination of budget consequences as (9). Pub. L. 111-148 §2801(b)(3), added par. (9) relating to review and annual report on Medicaid and commercial trends.Subsec. (b)(10), (11). Pub. L. 111-148 §2801(b)(3), added pars. (10) and (11). 2007-Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110-173 inserted "as an agency of Congress" after "established".2003-Subsec. (b)(2)(B)(i). Pub. L. 108-173 §735(b), inserted "the efficient provision of" after "expenditures for".Subsec. (b)(8). Pub. L. 108-173 §735(a), added par. (8).Subsec. (c)(2)(B). Pub. L. 108-173 §735(e)(1), inserted "experts in the area of pharmaco-economics or prescription drug benefit programs," after "other health professionals,".Subsec. (c)(2)(D). Pub. L. 108-173 §735(c)(1), inserted at end "Members of the Commission shall be treated as employees of Congress for purposes of applying title I of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-521)." 2000-Subsec. (b)(1)(D). Pub. L. 106-554 §1(a)(6) [title V, §544(a)(1)], substituted "June 15 of each year," for "June 1 of each year (beginning with 1998),". Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 106-554 §1(a)(6) [title V, §544(b)], added par. (7). 1999-Subsec. (b)(1)(D). Pub. L. 106-113 inserted "and including a review of the estimate of the conversion factor submitted under section of this title" before period at end. 1998-Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 105-277 substituted "17" for "15".
STATUTORY NOTES AND RELATED SUBSIDIARIES
CHANGE OF NAMEReferences to Medicare+Choice deemed to refer to Medicare Advantage or MA, subject to an appropriate transition provided by the Secretary of Health and Human Services in the use of those terms, see section 201 of Pub. L. 108-173 set out as a note under section of this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2003 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 108-173 §735(c)(2), Dec. 8, 2003, 117 Stat. 2354, provided that: "The amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall take effect on January 1, 2004."
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2000 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 106-554 §1(a)(6) [title V, §544(a)(2)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A-551, provided that: "The amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall apply beginning with 2001."
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1999 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 106-113 effective in determining conversion factor under sectionof this title for years beginning with 2001 and not applicable to or affecting any update (or any update adjustment factor) for any year before 2001, see section 1000(a)(6) [title II, §211(d)] of Pub. L. 106-113 set out as a note under section of this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE; TRANSITION; TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Pub. L. 105-33 §4022(c), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 355, provided that:"(1) IN GENERAL.-The Comptroller General shall first provide for appointment of members to the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission (in this subsection referred to as 'MedPAC') by not later than September 30, 1997."(2) TRANSITION.-As quickly as possible after the date a majority of members of MedPAC are first appointed [Oct. 1, 1997, see 62 FR 52131], the Comptroller General, in consultation with the Prospective Payment Assessment Commission (in this subsection referred to as 'ProPAC') and the Physician Payment Review Commission (in this subsection referred to as 'PPRC'), shall provide for the termination of the ProPAC and the PPRC. As of the date of termination of the respective Commissions [Nov. 1, 1997, see 62 FR 59356], the amendments made by paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively, of subsection (b) [amending sections, , and of this title and repealing section of this title] become effective. The Comptroller General, to the extent feasible, shall provide for the transfer to the MedPAC of assets and staff of the ProPAC and the PPRC, without any loss of benefits or seniority by virtue of such transfers. Fund balances available to the ProPAC or the PPRC for any period shall be available to the MedPAC for such period for like purposes. "(3) CONTINUING RESPONSIBILITY FOR REPORTS.-The MedPAC shall be responsible for the preparation and submission of reports required by law to be submitted (and which have not been submitted by the date of establishment of the MedPAC) by the ProPAC and the PPRC, and, for this purpose, any reference in law to either such Commission is deemed, after the appointment of the MedPAC, to refer to the MedPAC."
MEDPAC REVIEW OF PAYMENTS TO RURAL EMERGENCY HOSPITALS Pub. L. 116-260 div. CC, title I, §125(f), Dec. 27, 2020, 134 Stat. 2966, provided that: "Each report submitted by the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission under section 1805(b)(1)(C) of the Social Security Act () (beginning with 2024), shall include a review of payments to rural emergency hospitals under section 1834(x) [ ], as added by subsection (a)."
APPOINTMENT OF EXPERTS IN PRESCRIPTION DRUGS Pub. L. 108-173 §735(e)(2), Dec. 8, 2003, 117 Stat. 2354, provided that: "The Comptroller General of the United States shall ensure that the membership of the Commission [Medicare Payment Advisory Commission] complies with the amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] with respect to appointments made on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 8, 2003]."
MEDPAC ANALYSIS OF IMPACT OF VOLUME ON PER UNIT COST OF RURAL HOSPITALS WITH PSYCHIATRIC UNITS Pub. L. 106-554 §1(a)(6) [title II, §214], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A-486, provided that: "The Medicare Payment Advisory Commission, in its study conducted pursuant to subsection (a) of section 411 of BBRA [Pub. L. 106-113 §1000(a)(6) [title IV, §411], set out as a note below] (113 Stat. 1501A-377), shall include-"(1) in such study an analysis of the impact of volume on the per unit cost of rural hospitals with psychiatric units; and"(2) in its report under subsection (b) of such section a recommendation on whether special treatment for such hospitals may be warranted."
MEDPAC STUDY ON COMPLEXITY OF MEDICARE PROGRAM AND LEVELS OF BURDENS PLACED ON PROVIDERS THROUGH FEDERAL REGULATIONS Pub. L. 106-113 §1000(a)(6) [title II, §229(c)], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-357, required a comprehensive study related to regulatory burdens placed on health care providers and, no later than Dec. 31, 2001, a report and legislative recommendations.
MEDPAC REPORT Pub. L. 106-113 §1000(a)(6) [title III, §312(c)], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-365, provided that: "The Medicare Payment Advisory Commission shall include in its report submitted to Congress in March of 2001 recommendations regarding the appropriateness of the initial residency period used under section 1886(h)(5)(F) of the Social Security Act () for other residency training programs in a specialty that require preliminary years of study in another specialty."
MEDPAC STUDY OF RURAL PROVIDERS Pub. L. 106-113 §1000(a)(6) [title IV, §411], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-377, required a study evaluating the adequacy and appropriateness of the categories of special payments established for rural hospitals under the medicare program and a report to be submitted no later than 18 months after Nov. 29, 1999.
QUALITY IMPROVEMENT STANDARDS Pub. L. 106-113 §1000(a)(6) [title V, §520(c)], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-386, provided that:"(1) STUDY.-The Medicare Payment Advisory Commission shall conduct a study on the appropriate quality improvement standards that should apply to- "(A) each type of Medicare+Choice plan described in section 1851(a)(2) of the Social Security Act (), including each type of Medicare+Choice plan that is a coordinated care plan (as described in subparagraph (A) of such section); and"(B) the original medicare fee-for-service program under parts A and B [sic] title XVIII of such Act ( et seq.) [ et seq., 1395j et seq.]."(2) CONSIDERATIONS.-Such study shall specifically examine the effects, costs, and feasibility of requiring entities, physicians, and other health care providers that provide items and services under the original medicare fee-for-service program to comply with quality standards and related reporting requirements that are comparable to the quality standards and related reporting requirements that are applicable to Medicare+Choice organizations."(3) REPORT.-Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 29, 1999], such Commission shall submit a report to Congress on the study conducted under this subsection, together with any recommendations for legislation that it determines to be appropriate as a result of such study."
INITIAL TERMS OF ADDITIONAL MEMBERS Pub. L. 105-277 §5202(b), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681-917, provided that:"(1) IN GENERAL.-For purposes of staggering the initial terms of members of the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission (under section 1805(c)(3) of such Act () [)], the initial terms of the two additional members of the Commission provided for by the amendment under subsection (a) [amending this section] are as follows:"(A) One member shall be appointed for one year."(B) One member shall be appointed for two years."(2) COMMENCEMENT OF TERMS.-Such terms shall begin on May 1, 1999."
INFORMATION INCLUDED IN ANNUAL RECOMMENDATIONS Pub. L. 105-33 §4804(c), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 552, provided that: "The Medicare Payment Advisory Commission shall include in its annual report under section 1805(b)(1)(B) of the Social Security Act  recommendations on the methodology and level of payments made to PACE providers under sections 1894(d) and 1934(d) of such Act [ e(d), 1396u-4(d)] and on the treatment of private, for-profit entities as PACE providers."
- The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.1 See References in Text note below.
- United States
- The term "United States" means (but only for purposes of subparagraphs (A) and (B) of this paragraph) the fifty States and the District of Columbia.
- the term "Director" means the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation for National and Community Service,
- the term "drug" means- (A) a beverage containing alcohol,(B) a controlled substance, or(C) a controlled substance analogue,