35 U.S.C. § 311
AMENDMENTS2013-Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 112-274 struck out "or issuance of a reissue of a patent" after "grant of a patent".2011- Pub. L. 112-29 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section related to request for inter partes reexamination.2002- Pub. L. 107-273, §13202(c)(1), made technical correction to directory language of Pub. L. 106-113 which enacted this section.Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107-273, §13202(a)(1)(A), substituted "third-party requester" for "person".Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 107-273, §13202(a)(1)(B), substituted "The" for "Unless the requesting person is the owner of the patent, the".
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2013 AMENDMENTAmendment by Pub. L. 112-274 effective Jan. 14, 2013, and applicable to proceedings commenced on or after such date, see section 1(n) of Pub. L. 112-274 set out as a note under sectionof this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2011 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 112-29, §6(c)(2), Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 304, provided that:"(A) IN GENERAL.-The amendments made by subsection (a) [enacting section United States Patent and Trademark Office] may impose a limit on the number of inter partes reviews that may be instituted under chapter 31 of title 35, United States Code, during each of the first 4 1-year periods in which the amendments made by subsection (a) are in effect, if such number in each year equals or exceeds the number of inter partes reexaminations that are ordered under chapter 31 of title 35, United States Code, in the last fiscal year ending before the effective date of the amendments made by subsection (a)."of this title and amending this section and sections to of this title] shall take effect upon the expiration of the 1-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 16, 2011] and shall apply to any patent issued before, on, or after that effective date."(B) GRADUATED IMPLEMENTATION.-The Director [Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the
EFFECTIVE DATESection effective Nov. 29, 1999, and applicable to any patent issuing from an original application filed in the United States on or after that date, see section 1000(a)(9) [title IV, §4608(a)] of Pub. L. 106-113 set out as an Effective Date of 1999 Amendment note under section of this title.
REGULATIONS Pub. L. 112-29, §6(c)(1), Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 304, provided that: "The Director [Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office] shall, not later than the date that is 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 16, 2011], issue regulations to carry out chapter 31 of title 35, United States Code, as amended by subsection (a) of this section."
APPLICABILITY OF FILING DEADLINEPub. L. 112-274, §1(d)(1), Jan. 14, 2013, 126 Stat. 2456, provided that: "Section United States Code, shall not apply to a petition to institute an inter partes review of a patent that is not a patent described in section 3(n)(1) of the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act [ Pub. L. 112-29] ( note)."of title 35,
REPORT TO CONGRESS Pub. L. 106-113, div. B, §1000(a)(9) [title IV, subtitle F, §4606], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A-571, required the Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the United States Patent and Trademark Office to submit to Congress a report on possible inequities of certain inter partes reexamination proceedings no later than 5 years after Nov. 29, 1999.
- third-party requester
- The term "third-party requester" means a person requesting ex parte reexamination under section 302 who is not the patent owner.
- United States
- The terms "United States" and "this country" mean the United States of America, its territories and possessions.