1 See References in Text note below.
31 U.S.C. § 5313
|HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES|
|Revised Section||Source (U.S. Code)||Source (Statutes at Large)|
|5313(a)||31:1081.||Oct. 26, 1970, Pub. L. 91-508, §§221-223, 84 Stat. 1122.|
REFERENCES IN TEXTSection 411 of the National Housing Act, referred to in subsec. (b), which was classified to section 1730d of Title 12, Banks and Banking, was repealed by Pub. L. 101-73, title IV, §407, Aug. 9, 1989, 103 Stat. 363.Section 19(b)(1)(A) and (C) of the Federal Reserve Act, referred to in subsecs. (e)(2)(A) and (g)(1), is classified to section 461(b)(1)(A) and (C) of Title 12. The date of enactment of the Money Laundering Suppression Act of 1994, referred to in subsec. (e)(6), is the date of enactment of title IV of Pub. L. 103-325 which was approved Sept. 23, 1994.Section 1(b) of the International Banking Act of 1978, referred to in subsec. (g)(2)(A), is classified to sectionof Title 12.Sections 25 and 25A of the Federal Reserve Act, referred to in subsec. (g)(2)(B), (C), are classified to subchapters I (§§601 et seq.) and II (§§611 et seq.), respectively, of chapter 6 of Title 12.
AMENDMENTS1994-Subsecs. (d) to (g). Pub. L. 103-325 added subsecs. (d) to (g).
EFFICIENT USE OF CURRENCY TRANSACTION REPORT SYSTEM Pub. L. 107-56, title III, §366, Oct. 26, 2001, 115 Stat. 335, provided that:"(a) FINDINGS.-The Congress finds the following:"(1) The Congress established the currency transaction reporting requirements in 1970 because the Congress found then that such reports have a high degree of usefulness in criminal, tax, and regulatory investigations and proceedings and the usefulness of such reports has only increased in the years since the requirements were established."(2) In 1994, in response to reports and testimony that excess amounts of currency transaction reports were interfering with effective law enforcement, the Congress reformed the currency transaction report exemption requirements to provide-"(A) mandatory exemptions for certain reports that had little usefulness for law enforcement, such as cash transfers between depository institutions and cash deposits from government agencies; and"(B) discretionary authority for the Secretary of the Treasury to provide exemptions, subject to criteria and guidelines established by the Secretary, for financial institutions with regard to regular business customers that maintain accounts at an institution into which frequent cash deposits are made."(3) Today there is evidence that some financial institutions are not utilizing the exemption system, or are filing reports even if there is an exemption in effect, with the result that the volume of currency transaction reports is once again interfering with effective law enforcement."(b) STUDY AND REPORT.-"(1) STUDY REQUIRED.-The Secretary shall conduct a study of-"(A) the possible expansion of the statutory exemption system in effect under section 5313 of title 31, United States Code; and "(B) methods for improving financial institution utilization of the statutory exemption provisions as a way of reducing the submission of currency transaction reports that have little or no value for law enforcement purposes, including improvements in the systems in effect at financial institutions for regular review of the exemption procedures used at the institution and the training of personnel in its effective use."(2) REPORT REQUIRED.-The Secretary of the Treasury shall submit a report to the Congress before the end of the 1-year period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 26, 2001] containing the findings and conclusions of the Secretary with regard to the study required under subsection (a), and such recommendations for legislative or administrative action as the Secretary determines to be appropriate."
REPORT REDUCTION GOAL; STREAMLINED CURRENCY TRANSACTION REPORTS Pub. L. 103-325, title IV, §402(b), (c), Sept. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 2245, provided that:"(b) REPORT REDUCTION GOAL; REPORTS.-"(1) IN GENERAL.-In implementing the amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section], the Secretary of the Treasury shall seek to reduce, within a reasonable period of time, the number of reports required to be filed in the aggregate by depository institutions pursuant to sectionof title 31, United States Code, by at least 30 percent of the number filed during the year preceding the date of enactment of this Act [Sept. 23, 1994]."(2) INTERIM REPORT.-The Secretary of the Treasury shall submit a report to the Congress not later than the end of the 180-day period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act on the progress made by the Secretary in implementing the amendment made by subsection (a). "(3) ANNUAL REPORT.-The Secretary of the Treasury shall submit an annual report to the Congress after the end of each of the first 5 calendar years which begin after the date of enactment of this Act on the extent to which the Secretary has reduced the overall number of currency transaction reports filed with the Secretary pursuant to section of title 31, United States Code, consistent with the purposes of such section and effective law enforcement."(c) STREAMLINED CURRENCY TRANSACTION REPORTS.-The Secretary of the Treasury shall take such action as may be appropriate to-"(1) redesign the format of reports required to be filed under section of title 31, United States Code, by any financial institution (as defined in section 5312(a)(2) of such title) to eliminate the need to report information which has little or no value for law enforcement purposes; and"(2) reduce the time and effort required to prepare such report for filing by any such financial institution under such section."