1 See References in Text note below.
28 U.S.C. § 1821
HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES
1948 ACTBased on title 28, U.S.C., 1940 ed., §600c, section 1115(a) of title 26, U.S.C., 1940, Internal Revenue Code, and section 11-1514 of the D.C. Code, 1940 ed. (R.S. §§823, 848; Apr. 26, 1926, ch. 183, §3, 44 Stat. 324; May 17, 1932, ch. 190, 47 Stat. 158; June 25, 1936, ch. 804, 49 Stat. 1921; Feb. 10, 1939, ch. 2, §1115(a), 53 Stat. 160; Dec. 24, 1942, ch. 825, §1, 56 Stat. 1088. Section consolidates part of section 600c of title 28, U.S.C., 1940 ed., with section 1115(a) of title 26, U.S.C., 1940 ed., and section 11-1514 of the D.C. Code, 1940 ed. Words "or person taking his deposition pursuant to any order of a court of the United States" were added to cover that circumstance.Reference in section 600c of title 28, U.S.C., 1940 ed., and section 11-1514 of the D.C. Code, 1940 ed., to the district courts of Hawaii, Puerto Rico and the District of Columbia, were omitted as covered by the words "any court of the United States".Provision of section 600c of title 28, U.S.C., 1940 ed., for payment of witnesses is incorporated in section 1825 of this title.Changes were made in phraseology.
SENATE REVISION AMENDMENTBy Senate amendments, all provisions relating to the Tax Court were eliminated. Therefore, as finally enacted, section 1115(a) of Title 26, U.S.C., Internal Revenue Code, was not one of the sources of this section. However, no change in the text of this section was necessary. See 80th Congress Senate Report No. 1559.
1949 ACTThis section restores certain provisions of the original statute, R.S. §848, which were inadvertently omitted from revised title 28, U.S.C., §1821.
REFERENCES IN TEXT Subsection (c) of sectionof title 5, referred to in subsec. (d)(3), which related to conditions under which an employee could be reimbursed for actual and necessary expenses of official travel when the maximum per diem allowance was less than these expenses, was repealed, and subsec. (e) of section of title 5, was redesignated as subsec. (c), by Pub. L. 99-234, title I, §102, Jan. 2, 1986, 99 Stat. 1756.Section 240 of the Immigration and Nationality Act, referred to in subsec. (e), is classified to section of Title 8, Aliens and Nationality.
AMENDMENTS1996-Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 104-208 substituted "section 240" for "section 242(b)". 1992-Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 102-417, §2(b), struck out "(other than a witness who is incarcerated)" after "paid to a witness".Subsec. (d)(4). Pub. L. 102-417, §2(c), substituted "3144" for "3149". Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 102-417, §2(a), added subsec. (f).1990-Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101-650 substituted "$40" for "$30". 1978- Pub. L. 95-535 increased the daily witness attendance fee from $20 to $30, substituted provisions relating to compensation for the actual expenses of travel based on the form of transportation used, to a travel allowance equal to the mileage allowance under sectionof Title 5 for a witness travelling by privately owned vehicle, and to tolls, taxi fares, and parking fees for provisions that a witness would receive 10 cents per mile and that mileage computation would be based on a uniform table of distances regardless of the mode of travel employed, provisions relating to a subsistence allowance in amounts not to exceed those which Government employees receive for official travel for provisions that such subsistence allowance would be $16 per day, provisions relating to a witness detained for want of security for his appearance being entitled to the daily attendance fee in addition to subsistence for provisions that such a witness would be entitled to $1 per day in addition to his subsistence, and inserted provisions defining "court of the United States" and relating to travel expenses being taxable as costs and to certain aliens being ineligible to receive fees and allowances. 1968- Pub. L. 90-274 increased the per diem allowance from $4 to $20, increased the mileage allowance from 8 cents per mile to 10 cents per mile, increased the daily subsistence allowance from $8 to $16, and directed that witnesses in the district courts for the districts of the Canal Zone, Guam, and the Virgin Islands receive the same fees and allowances provided in this section for witnesses in other district courts of the United States.1956-Act Aug. 1, 1956, substituted ", or before any person authorized to take his deposition pursuant to any rule or order" for "or person taking his disposition pursuant to any order", increased the payments for mileage from 7 to 8 cents per mile and subsistence allowance from $5 to $8 per day, and authorized the computation of mileage on the basis of a uniform table of distances adopted by the Attorney General. 1954-Act Sept. 3, 1954, struck out language which had restricted section's applicability to those depositions taken pursuant to order of the court. 1951-Act Oct. 31, 1951, substituted "residences" for "residence" in that part of second sentence which precedes first proviso.1949-Act May 24, 1949, inserted last par.Act May 10, 1949, increased witnesses' fees from $2 to $4 per day, mileage allowance from 5 cents to 7 cents a mile, subsistence allowance from $3 to $5 per day, and inserted provisos.
STATUTORY NOTES AND RELATED SUBSIDIARIES
CHANGE OF NAME"United States Magistrate Judge" substituted for "United States Magistrate" in subsec. (a)(1) pursuant to section 321 of Pub. L. 101-650 set out as a note under section 631 of this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 104-208 effective, with certain transitional provisions, on the first day of the first month beginning more than 180 days after Sept. 30, 1996, see section 309 of Pub. L. 104-208 set out as a note under sectionof Title 8, Aliens and Nationality.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1992 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 102-417, §2(d), Oct. 14, 1992, 106 Stat. 2138, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall be effective on and after the date of the enactment of this act [Oct. 14, 1992] and shall apply to any witness who testified before such date and has not received any fee or allowance under section 1821 of title 28, United States Code, relating to such testimony."
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1978 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 95-535, §2, Oct. 27, 1978, 92 Stat. 2034, provided that: "The amendments made by this Act [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1, 1978, or on the date of enactment [Oct. 27, 1978], whichever occurs later."
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1968 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 90-274 effective 270 days after Mar. 27, 1968, except as to cases in which an indictment has been returned or a petit jury empaneled prior to such effective date, see section 104 of Pub. L. 90-274 set out as a note under section 1861 of this title.
PAYMENT OF FACT WITNESS FEE TO INCARCERATED PERSON PROHIBITED Pub. L. 102-395, title I, §108, Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1841, provided that notwithstanding this section, no funds appropriated to the Department of Justice in fiscal year 1993 or any prior fiscal year would be obligated or expended to pay a fact witness fee to an incarcerated person in a court of the United States.Similar provisions were contained in the following prior appropriation acts: Pub. L. 102-140, title I, §110, Oct. 28, 1991, 105 Stat. 795. Pub. L. 102-27, title II, §102, Apr. 10, 1991, 105 Stat. 136.