26 U.S.C. § 7604

Current through P.L. 116-226 (12/20/2020)
Section 7604 - Enforcement of summons
(a) Jurisdiction of district court

If any person is summoned under the internal revenue laws to appear, to testify, or to produce books, papers, records, or other data, the United States district court for the district in which such person resides or is found shall have jurisdiction by appropriate process to compel such attendance, testimony, or production of books, papers, records, or other data.

(b) Enforcement

Whenever any person summoned under section 6420(e)(2), 6421(g)(2), 6427(j)(2), or 7602 neglects or refuses to obey such summons, or to produce books, papers, records, or other data, or to give testimony, as required, the Secretary may apply to the judge of the district court or to a United States magistrate judge for the district within which the person so summoned resides or is found for an attachment against him as for a contempt. It shall be the duty of the judge or magistrate judge to hear the application, and, if satisfactory proof is made, to issue an attachment, directed to some proper officer, for the arrest of such person, and upon his being brought before him to proceed to a hearing of the case; and upon such hearing the judge or the United States magistrate judge shall have power to make such order as he shall deem proper, not inconsistent with the law for the punishment of contempts, to enforce obedience to the requirements of the summons and to punish such person for his default or disobedience.

(c) Cross references
(1) Authority to issue orders, processes, and judgments

For authority of district courts generally to enforce the provisions of this title, see section 7402.

(2) Penalties

For penalties applicable to violation of section 6420(e)(2), 6421(g)(2), 6427(j)(2), or 7602, see section 7210.

26 U.S.C. § 7604

Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 902; Apr. 2, 1956, ch. 160, §4(i), 70 Stat. 91; June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, §208(d)(4), 70 Stat. 396; Pub. L. 89-44, title II, §202(c)(4), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 139; Pub. L. 90-578, title IV, §402(b)(2), Oct. 17, 1968, 82 Stat. 1118; Pub. L. 91-258, title II, §207(d)(9), May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 249; Pub. L. 94-455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 94-530, §1(c)(6), Oct. 17, 1976, 90 Stat. 2488; Pub. L. 95-599, title V, §505(c)(5), (6), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2760; Pub. L. 96-223, title II, §232(d)(4)(E), Apr. 2, 1980, 94 Stat. 278; Pub. L. 97-424, title V, §515(b)(12), Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2182; Pub. L. 98-369, div. A, title IX, §911(d)(2)(G), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1007; Pub. L. 99-514, title XVII, §1703(e)(2)(G), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2778; Pub. L. 100-647, title I, §1017(c)(9), (12), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3576, 3577; Pub. L. 101-650, title III, §321, Dec. 1, 1990, 104 Stat. 5117.

AMENDMENTS1988-Subsecs. (b), (c)(2). Pub. L. 100-647, §1017(c)(12), made technical correction to language of Pub. L. 99-514, §1703(e)(2)(G), see 1986 Amendment note below. Pub. L. 100-647, §1017(c)(9), substituted "6421(g)(2)" for "6421(f)(2)".1986-Subsecs. (b), (c)(2). Pub. L. 99-514 as amended by Pub. L. 100-647, §1017(c)(12), substituted "6427(j)(2)" for "6427(i)(2)". 1984-Subsecs. (b), (c)(2). Pub. L. 98-369 substituted "6427(i)(2)" for "6427(h)(2)". 1983-Subsecs. (b), (c)(2). Pub. L. 97-424 struck out "6424(d)(2)," after "6421(f)(2),". 1980-Subsecs. (b), (c)(2). Pub. L. 96-223 substituted "6427(h)(2)" for "6427(g)(2)". 1978-Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 95-599, §505(c)(5), substituted "6427(g)(2)" for "6427(f)(2)".Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 95-599, §505(c)(6), substituted "6427(g)(2)" for "6427(e)(2)".1976-Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 94-530 substituted "6427(f)(2)" for "6427(e)(2)". Pub. L. 94-455 struck out "or his delegate" after "Secretary".1970-Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 91-258 inserted references to section 6427(e)(2). 1965-Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 89-44 inserted references to section 6424(d)(2). 1956-Subsecs. (b), (c). Act Apr. 2, 1956, inserted references to section 6420(e)(2).Act June 29, 1956, inserted references to section 6421(f)(2).

CHANGE OF NAME"United States magistrate judge" and "magistrate judge" substituted for "United States magistrate" and "magistrate", respectively, wherever appearing in subsec. (b) pursuant to section 321 of Pub. L. 101-650 set out as a note under section 631 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure. Previously, "United States magistrate" and "magistrate" substituted for "United States commissioner" and "commissioner", respectively, pursuant to Pub. L. 90-578. See chapter 43 (§631 et seq.) of Title 28.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1988 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 100-647 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provision of the Tax Reform Act of 1986, Pub. L. 99-514, to which such amendment relates, see section 1019(a) of Pub. L. 100-647 set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1986 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 99-514 applicable to gasoline removed (as defined in section 4082 of this title as amended by section 1703 of Pub. L. 99-514) after Dec. 31, 1987, see section 1703(h) of Pub. L. 99-514 set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1984 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 98-369 effective Aug. 1, 1984, see section 911(e) of Pub. L. 98-369 set out as a note under section 6427 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1983 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 97-424 applicable with respect to articles sold after Jan. 6, 1983, see section 515(c) of Pub. L. 97-424 set out as a note under section 34 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1980 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 96-223 effective Jan. 1, 1979, see section 232(h)(2) of Pub. L. 96-223 set out as a note under section 6427 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1978 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 95-599 effective Jan. 1, 1979, see section 505(d) of Pub. L. 95-599 set out as a note under section 6427 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1976 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 94-530 effective Oct. 1, 1976, see section 1(d) of Pub. L. 94-530 set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1970 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 91-258 effective July 1, 1970, see section 211(a) of Pub. L. 91-258 set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1965 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 89-44 effective Jan. 1, 1966, see section 701(a)(1), (2), of Pub. L. 89-44 set out as a note under section 4161 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1956 AMENDMENT Amendment by act June 29, 1956, effective June 29, 1956, see section 211 of act June 29, 1956, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

Commissioner
The term "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Internal Revenue.
Secretary
The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate.
person
The term "person" shall be construed to mean and include an individual, a trust, estate, partnership, association, company or corporation.