Whenever it appears to the Tax Court that-
Whenever it appears to the Tax Court that any attorney or other person admitted to practice before the Tax Court has multiplied the proceedings in any case unreasonably and vexatiously, the Tax Court may require-
Whenever it appears to the court that the taxpayer's position in the proceedings before the court instituted or maintained by such taxpayer under section 7433 is frivolous or groundless, the court may require the taxpayer to pay to the United States a penalty not in excess of $10,000.
In any civil proceeding before any court (other than the Tax Court) which is brought by or against the United States in connection with the determination, collection, or refund of any tax, interest, or penalty under this title, any monetary sanctions, penalties, or costs awarded by the court to the United States may be assessed by the Secretary and, upon notice and demand, may be collected in the same manner as a tax.
In connection with any appeal from a proceeding in the Tax Court or a civil proceeding described in paragraph (2), an order of a United States Court of Appeals or the Supreme Court awarding monetary sanctions, penalties or court costs to the United States may be registered in a district court upon filing a certified copy of such order and shall be enforceable as other district court judgments. Any such sanctions, penalties, or costs may be assessed by the Secretary and, upon notice and demand, may be collected in the same manner as a tax.
26 U.S.C. § 6673
AMENDMENTS1989- Pub. L. 101-239 substituted "Sanctions and costs awarded by courts" for "Damages assessable for instituting proceedings before the Court primarily for delay, etc." in section catchline and amended text generally, making changes in substance and structure of subsecs. (a) and (b). 1988- Pub. L. 100-647 struck out "Tax" after "before the" in section catchline, designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), and added subsec. (b). 1986- Pub. L. 99-514 substituted ", that the taxpayer's position in such proceeding is frivolous or groundless, or that the taxpayer unreasonably failed to pursue available administrative remedies" for "or that the taxpayer's position in such proceedings is frivolous or groundless". 1982- Pub. L. 97-248, §292(d)(2)(A), substituted "primarily for delay, etc." for "merely for delay" after "Tax Court" in section catchline.Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97-248, §292(b), substituted "or maintained by the taxpayer primarily for delay or that the taxpayer's position in such proceedings is frivolous or groundless, damages in an amount not in excess of $5,000" for "by the taxpayer merely for delay, damages in an amount not in excess of $500" in first sentence. 1976- Pub. L. 94-455 struck out "or his delegate" after "Secretary".
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1989 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 101-239, title VII, §7731(d), Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2402, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sectionof this title] shall apply to positions taken after December 31, 1989, in proceedings which are pending on, or commenced after such date."
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1988 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 100-647, title VI, §6241(d), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3749, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [enacting sectionof this title and amending this section] shall apply to actions by officers or employees of the Internal Revenue Service after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 10, 1988]."
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1986 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 99-514, title XV, §1552(b), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2753, provided that: "The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to proceedings commenced after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 1986]."
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1982 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 97-248 applicable to any action or proceeding in the Tax Court commenced after Dec. 31, 1982, or pending in the Tax Court on the day 120 days after July 18, 1984, see section 292(e)(2) of Pub. L. 97-248 as amended, set out as an Effective Date note under section of this title.
- The term "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Internal Revenue.
- The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate.
- Tax Court
- The term "Tax Court" means the United States Tax Court.
- The term "person" shall be construed to mean and include an individual, a trust, estate, partnership, association, company or corporation.
- The term "taxpayer" means any person subject to any internal revenue tax.