26 U.S.C. § 180

Current through P.L. 118-19 (published on www.congress.gov on 10/06/2023)
Section 180 - Expenditures by farmers for fertilizer, etc.
(a) In general

A taxpayer engaged in the business of farming may elect to treat as expenses which are not chargeable to capital account expenditures (otherwise chargeable to capital account) which are paid or incurred by him during the taxable year for the purchase or acquisition of fertilizer, lime, ground limestone, marl, or other materials to enrich, neutralize, or condition land used in farming, or for the application of such materials to such land. The expenditures so treated shall be allowed as a deduction.

(b) Land used in farming

For purposes of subsection (a), the term "land used in farming" means land used (before or simultaneously with the expenditures described in subsection (a)) by the taxpayer or his tenant for the production of crops, fruits, or other agricultural products or for the sustenance of livestock.

(c) Election

The election under subsection (a) for any taxable year shall be made within the time prescribed by law (including extensions thereof) for filing the return for such taxable year. Such election shall be made in such manner as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe. Such election may not be revoked except with the consent of the Secretary.

26 U.S.C. § 180

Added Pub. L. 86-779, §6(a), Sept. 14, 1960, 74 Stat. 1001; amended Pub. L. 94-455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834.


AMENDMENTS1976-Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 94-455 struck out "or his delegate" after "Secretary".


EFFECTIVE DATE Pub. L. 86-779, §6(d), Sept. 14, 1960, 74 Stat. 1001, provided that: "The amendments made by subsections (a), (b), and (c) [enacting this section and amending section 263 of this title] shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1959."

The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate.
taxable year
The term "taxable year" means the calendar year, or the fiscal year ending during such calendar year, upon the basis of which the taxable income is computed under subtitle A. "Taxable year" means, in the case of a return made for a fractional part of a year under the provisions of subtitle A or under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, the period for which such return is made.
The term "taxpayer" means any person subject to any internal revenue tax.