26 U.S.C. § 25E

Current through P.L. 118-44 (published on www.congress.gov on 03/18/2024), except for [P. L. 118-42]
Section 25E - Previously-owned clean vehicles
(a) Allowance of credit

In the case of a qualified buyer who during a taxable year places in service a previously-owned clean vehicle, there shall be allowed as a credit against the tax imposed by this chapter for the taxable year an amount equal to the lesser of-

(1) $4,000, or
(2) the amount equal to 30 percent of the sale price with respect to such vehicle.
(b) Limitation based on modified adjusted gross income
(1) In general

No credit shall be allowed under subsection (a) for any taxable year if-

(A) the lesser of-
(i) the modified adjusted gross income of the taxpayer for such taxable year, or
(ii) the modified adjusted gross income of the taxpayer for the preceding taxable year, exceeds
(B) the threshold amount.
(2) Threshold amount

For purposes of paragraph (1)(B), the threshold amount shall be-

(A) in the case of a joint return or a surviving spouse (as defined in section 2(a)), $150,000,
(B) in the case of a head of household (as defined in section 2(b)), $112,500, and
(C) in the case of a taxpayer not described in subparagraph (A) or (B), $75,000.
(3) Modified adjusted gross income

For purposes of this subsection, the term "modified adjusted gross income" means adjusted gross income increased by any amount excluded from gross income under section 911, 931, or 933.

(c) Definitions

For purposes of this section-

(1) Previously-owned clean vehicle

The term "previously-owned clean vehicle" means, with respect to a taxpayer, a motor vehicle-

(A) the model year of which is at least 2 years earlier than the calendar year in which the taxpayer acquires such vehicle,
(B) the original use of which commences with a person other than the taxpayer,
(C) which is acquired by the taxpayer in a qualified sale, and
(D) which-
(i) meets the requirements of subparagraphs (C), (D), (E), (F), and (H) (except for clause (iv) thereof) of section 30D(d)(1), or
(ii) is a motor vehicle which-
(I) satisfies the requirements under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of section 30B(b)(3), and
(II) has a gross vehicle weight rating of less than 14,000 pounds.
(2) Qualified sale

The term "qualified sale" means a sale of a motor vehicle-

(A) by a dealer (as defined in section 30D(g)(8)),
(B) for a sale price which does not exceed $25,000, and
(C) which is the first transfer since the date of the enactment of this section to a qualified buyer other than the person with whom the original use of such vehicle commenced.
(3) Qualified buyer

The term "qualified buyer" means, with respect to a sale of a motor vehicle, a taxpayer-

(A) who is an individual,
(B) who purchases such vehicle for use and not for resale,
(C) with respect to whom no deduction is allowable with respect to another taxpayer under section 151, and
(D) who has not been allowed a credit under this section for any sale during the 3-year period ending on the date of the sale of such vehicle.
(4) Motor vehicle; capacity

The terms "motor vehicle" and "capacity" have the meaning given such terms in paragraphs (2) and (4) of section 30D(d), respectively.

(d) VIN number requirement

No credit shall be allowed under subsection (a) with respect to any vehicle unless the taxpayer includes the vehicle identification number of such vehicle on the return of tax for the taxable year.

(e) Application of certain rules

For purposes of this section, rules similar to the rules of section 30D(f) (without regard to paragraph (10) or (11) thereof) shall apply for purposes of this section.

(f) Transfer of credit

Rules similar to the rules of section 30D(g) shall apply.

(g) Termination

No credit shall be allowed under this section with respect to any vehicle acquired after December 31, 2032.

26 U.S.C. § 25E

Added and amended Pub. L. 117-169, title I, §13402(a), (b), Aug. 16, 2022, 136 Stat. 1962, 1963.

EDITORIAL NOTES

AMENDMENTS2022-Subsecs. (f), (g). Pub. L. 117-169, §13402(b), added subsec. (f) and redesignated former subsec. (f) as (g).

STATUTORY NOTES AND RELATED SUBSIDIARIES

EFFECTIVE DATE Pub. L. 117-169, title I, §13402(e), Aug. 16, 2022, 136 Stat. 1964, provided that:"(1) IN GENERAL.-Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by this section [enacting this section and amending this section and section 6213 of this title] shall apply to vehicles acquired after December 31, 2022."(2) TRANSFER OF CREDIT.-The amendments made by subsection (b) [amending this section] shall apply to vehicles acquired after December 31, 2023."

joint return
The term "joint return" means a single return made jointly under section 6013 by a husband and wife.
person
The term "person" shall be construed to mean and include an individual, a trust, estate, partnership, association, company or corporation.
taxable year
The term "taxable year" means the calendar year, or the fiscal year ending during such calendar year, upon the basis of which the taxable income is computed under subtitle A. "Taxable year" means, in the case of a return made for a fractional part of a year under the provisions of subtitle A or under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, the period for which such return is made.
taxpayer
The term "taxpayer" means any person subject to any internal revenue tax.