No person shall act as an agent of a foreign principal unless he has filed with the Attorney General a true and complete registration statement and supplements thereto as required by subsections (a) and (b) of this section or unless he is exempt from registration under the provisions of this subchapter. Except as hereinafter provided, every person who becomes an agent of a foreign principal shall, within ten days thereafter, file with the Attorney General, in duplicate, a registration statement, under oath on a form prescribed by the Attorney General. The obligation of an agent of a foreign principal to file a registration statement shall, after the tenth day of his becoming such agent, continue from day to day, and termination of such status shall not relieve such agent from his obligation to file a registration statement for the period during which he was an agent of a foreign principal. The registration statement shall include the following, which shall be regarded as material for the purposes of this subchapter:
Every agent of a foreign principal who has filed a registration statement required by subsection (a) of this section shall, within thirty days after the expiration of each period of six months succeeding such filing, file with the Attorney General a supplement thereto under oath, on a form prescribed by the Attorney General, which shall set forth with respect to such preceding six months' period such facts as the Attorney General, having due regard for the national security and the public interest, may deem necessary to make the information required under this section accurate, complete, and current with respect to such period. In connection with the information furnished under clauses (3), (4), (6), and (9) of subsection (a) of this section, the registrant shall give notice to the Attorney General of any changes therein within ten days after such changes occur. If the Attorney General, having due regard for the national security and the public interest, determines that it is necessary to carry out the purposes of this subchapter, he may, in any particular case, require supplements to the registration statement to be filed at more frequent intervals in respect to all or particular items of information to be furnished.
The registration statement and supplements thereto shall be executed under oath as follows: If the registrant is an individual, by him; if the registrant is a partnership, by the majority of the members thereof; if the registrant is a person other than an individual or a partnership, by a majority of the officers thereof or persons performing the functions of officers or by a majority of the board of directors thereof or persons performing the functions of directors, if any.
The fact that a registration statement or supplement thereto has been filed shall not necessarily be deemed a full compliance with this subchapter and the regulations thereunder on the part of the registrant; nor shall it indicate that the Attorney General has in any way passed upon the merits of such registration statement or supplement thereto; nor shall it preclude prosecution, as provided for in this subchapter, for willful failure to file a registration statement or supplement thereto when due or for a willful false statement of a material fact therein or the willful omission of a material fact required to be stated therein or the willful omission of a material fact or copy of a material document necessary to make the statements made in a registration statement and supplements thereto, and the copies of documents furnished therewith, not misleading.
If any agent of a foreign principal, required to register under the provisions of this subchapter, has previously thereto registered with the Attorney General under the provisions of sectionof title 18, the Attorney General, in order to eliminate inappropriate duplication, may permit the incorporation by reference in the registration statement or supplements thereto filed hereunder of any information or documents previously filed by such agent of a foreign principal under the provisions of said section.
The Attorney General may, by regulation, provide for the exemption-
where by reason of the nature of the functions or activities of such person the Attorney General, having due regard for the national security and the public interest, determines that such registration, or the furnishing of such information, as the case may be, is not necessary to carry out the purposes of this subchapter.
A registration statement or supplement required to be filed under this section shall be filed in electronic form, in addition to any other form that may be required by the Attorney General.
1 So in original. Probably should be "connection".
2 See References in Text note below.
22 U.S.C. § 612
REFERENCES IN TEXTSection 613 of title 18, referred to in subsec. (a)(8), was repealed by Pub. L. 94-283, title II, §201(a), May 11, 1976, 90 Stat. 496.
CODIFICATIONIn subsec. (e), "sectionof title 18" was in the original "the Act of October 17, 1940 (54 Stat. 1201)", which had been classified to sections to of title 18. "Section of title 18" substituted for "sections to of title 18" on authority of act June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 863, section 1 of which enacted Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.
PRIOR PROVISIONSProvisions on this subject were contained in sections 612 andof this title prior to general amendment of act June 8, 1938, by act Apr. 29, 1942.
AMENDMENTS2007-Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 110-81 added subsec. (g).1966-Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89-486, §2(1), struck out requirement for transmittal of registration statements by the Attorney General to the Secretary of State and provision declaring a failure of transmission not to be a bar to prosecutions, now covered in sectionof this title.Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 89-486, §2(2), struck out ", unless, and to the extent, this requirement is waived in writing by the Attorney General" after "statement of the nature of the work of each" and provided for a statement of the extent to which a foreign principal is supervised, directed, etc., by any other foreign principal.Subsec. (a)(4), (6). Pub. L. 89-486, §2(3), (4), inserted ", including a detailed statement of any such activity which is a political activity".Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 89-486, §2(5), required certain information pertaining to control and financial arrangements with respect to those persons, not themselves foreign principals, who are so related to a foreign principal that their agents when engaged in political activities in the interests of the principal are required to register.Subsec. (a)(8). Pub. L. 89-486, §2(6), inserted requirement that agent report the money or other things of value spent or disposed of in connection with his becoming the agent of his foreign principal and all political contributions made during the preceding sixty days, other than contributions made on behalf of their principals, such contributions being prohibited under section 613 of title 18.Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 89-486, §2(7), added subsec. (f).1950-Subsec. (a). Act Aug. 3, 1950, made failure to register a continuing offense.1942-Act Apr. 29, 1942, amended section generally.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2007 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 110-81, title II, §212(c), Sept. 14, 2007, 121 Stat. 750, provided that: "The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sectionof this title] shall take effect on the 90th day after the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 14, 2007]."
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1966 AMENDMENTAmendment by Pub. L. 89-486 effective ninety days after July 4, 1966, see section 9 of Pub. L. 89-486 set out as a note under sectionof this title.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1942 AMENDMENTAmendment by act Apr. 29, 1942, effective on the sixtieth day after Apr. 29, 1942, except that prior to such sixtieth day the Attorney General may make, prescribe, amend, and rescind such rules, regulations, and forms as may be necessary to carry out act Apr. 29, 1942, see section 3 of act Apr. 29, 1942, set out as a note under sectionof this title.
FEES FOR NECESSARY EXPENSES OF REGISTRATION UNIT Pub. L. 102-395, 106 Stat. 1831, provided in part that: "In addition, notwithstanding, for fiscal year 1993 and thereafter, the Attorney General shall establish and collect fees to recover necessary expenses of the Registration Unit (to include salaries, supplies, equipment and training) pursuant to the Foreign Agents Registration Act [probably means Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938, as amended, et seq.], and shall credit such fees to this appropriation, to remain available until expended."