For the purposes of providing blind persons with remunerative employment, enlarging the economic opportunities of the blind, and stimulating the blind to greater efforts in striving to make themselves self-supporting, blind persons licensed under the provisions of this chapter shall be authorized to operate vending facilities on any Federal property.
In authorizing the operation of vending facilities on Federal property, priority shall be given to blind persons licensed by a State agency as provided in this chapter; and the Secretary, through the Commissioner, shall, after consultation with the Administrator of General Services and other heads of departments, agencies, or instrumentalities of the United States in control of the maintenance, operation, and protection of Federal property, prescribe regulations designed to assure that-
Any limitation on the placement or operation of a vending facility based on a finding that such placement or operation would adversely affect the interests of the United States shall be fully justified in writing to the Secretary, who shall determine whether such limitation is justified. A determination made by the Secretary pursuant to this provision shall be binding on any department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States affected by such determination. The Secretary shall publish such determination, along with supporting documentation, in the Federal Register.
20 U.S.C. § 107
CODIFICATIONThe content of Pub. L. 93-516, including provisions thereof which amended and enacted various sections of this chapter, were originally contained in H.R. 14225, 93rd Congress, Second Session, which was pocket-vetoed during the 31-day intrasession adjournment of the 93rd Congress for the Congressional elections in November, 1974. See 1974 Amendment note below.Pursuant to an order of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia (Kennedy v. Jones, D.C.D.C. 1976, 412 F.Supp. 353) H.R. 14225 was deemed to have become law without the approval of the President on Nov. 21, 1974, and was given the designation Pub. L. 93-651. Therefore, for purposes of codification, this chapter should be deemed to have been amended by Pub. L. 93-651, Nov. 21, 1974, 89 Stat. 2-3, in exactly the same manner as it was amended by Pub. L. 93-516.
AMENDMENTS1974-Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 93-516 designated first sentence of existing provisions as subsec. (a), substituted "purposes" for "purpose", "vending facilities" for "vending stands", and struck out "where such vending stands may be properly and satisfactorily operated by blind persons". An identical amendment was made by Pub. L. 93-651. See Codification note above. Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 93-516 designated second sentence of existing provisions as subsec. (b), in the provisions preceding par. (1) of subsec. (b) as so designated, substituted reference to vending facilities for reference to vending stands, substituted provisions requiring that priority be given to blind persons for provisions requiring that preference be given so far as feasible to blind persons, substituted provisions authorizing the Secretary after consultation with the Administrator of General Services, and other heads of departments, agencies, or instrumentalities of the United States in control of maintenance, operation, and protection of Federal property to prescribe regulations for provisions authorizing the head of each department or agency in control of the maintenance, operation, and protection of Federal property after consultation with the Secretary and with the approval of the President to prescribe regulations, struck out provisions that such regulations assure such preference including assignment of vending machine income to achieve and protect such preference for such blind persons without unduly inconveniencing such departments and agencies or adversely affecting the interests of the United States, and added pars. (1) and (2) and provisions following par. (2). An identical amendment was made by Pub. L. 93-651. See Codification note above. 1954-Act Aug. 3, 1954, provided that in authorizing the operation of vending stands preference shall be given, so far as feasible, to blind persons.
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1954 AMENDMENT Amendment by act Aug. 3, 1954, effective July 1, 1954, see section 8 of act Aug. 3, 1954, set out as a note under sectionof Title 29, Labor.
SHORT TITLE OF 1974 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 93-516, title II, §200, Dec. 7, 1974, 88 Stat. 1622, provided that: "This title [enacting sectionsto and to of this title, amending this section, sections , , , of this title, and section of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, repealing sections and of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section and section of Title 29, Labor] may be cited as the 'Randolph-Sheppard Act Amendments of 1974'."An identical provision is in section 200 of Pub. L. 93-651. See Codification note above.
SHORT TITLE OF 1954 AMENDMENT Act Aug. 3, 1954, ch. 655, §1, 68 Stat. 652, provided that: "This Act [enacting sectionof this title and amending this section and sections , , , and of this title and sections 31 to 41, 42, , and of Title 29, Labor] may be cited as the 'Vocational Rehabilitation Amendments of 1954'."
SHORT TITLEAct June 20, 1936, ch. 638, §11, as added by Pub. L. 108-136, div. A, title VIII, §852(c), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1556, provided that: "This Act [enacting this chapter] may be cited as the 'Randolph-Sheppard Act'."The act June 20, 1936 is also popularly known as the "Randolph-Sheppard Vending Stand Act".
CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGSPub. L. 93-516, title II, §201, Dec. 7, 1974, 88 Stat. 1622, provided that: "The Congress finds-"(1) after review of the operation of the blind vending stand program authorized under the Randolph-Sheppard Act of June 20, 1936 [this chapter], that the program has not developed, and has not been sustained, in the manner and spirit in which the Congress intended at the time of its enactment, and that, in fact, the growth of the program has been inhibited by a number of external forces;"(2) that the potential exists for doubling the number of blind operators on Federal and other property under the Randolph-Sheppard program within the next five years, provided the obstacles to growth are removed, that legislative and administrative means exist to remove such obstacles, and that Congress should adopt legislation to that end; and"(3) that at a minimum the following actions must be taken to insure the continued vitality and expansion of the Randolph-Sheppard program-"(A) establish uniformity of treatment of blind vendors by all Federal departments, agencies, and instrumentalities,"(B) establish guidelines for the operation of the program by State licensing agencies,"(C) require coordination among the several entities with responsibility for the program, "(D) establish a priority for vending facilities operated by blind vendors on Federal property,"(E) establish administrative and judicial procedures under which fair treatment of blind vendors, State licensing agencies, and the Federal Government is assured,"(F) require stronger administration and oversight functions in the Federal office carrying out the program, and"(G) accomplish other legislative and administrative objectives which will permit the Randolph-Sheppard program to flourish."An identical provision is in section 201 of Pub. L. 93-651. See Codification note above.
- "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of the Rehabilitation Services Administration;
- Federal property
- "Federal property" means any building, land, or other real property owned, leased, or occupied by any department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States (including the Department of Defense and the United States Postal Service), or any other instrumentality wholly owned by the United States, or by any department or agency of the District of Columbia or any territory or possession of the United States;
- "Secretary" means the Secretary of Education;
- "State" means a State, territory, possession, Puerto Rico, or the District of Columbia;
- United States
- "United States" includes the several States, territories, and possessions of the United States, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia;
- vending facility
- "vending facility" means automatic vending machines, cafeterias, snack bars, cart services, shelters, counters, and such other appropriate auxiliary equipment as the Secretary may by regulation prescribe as being necessary for the sale of the articles or services described in section 107a(a)(5) of this title and which may be operated by blind licensees; and
- vending machine income
- "vending machine income" means receipts (other than those of a blind licensee) from vending machine operations on Federal property, after cost of goods sold (including reasonable service and maintenance costs), where the machines are operated, serviced, or maintained by, or with the approval of, a department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States, or commissions paid (other than to a blind licensee) by a commercial vending concern which operates, services, and maintains vending machines on Federal property for, or with the approval of, a department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States.