18 U.S.C. § 2339B
Added Pub. L. 104-132, title III, §303(a), Apr. 24, 1996, 110 Stat. 1250; amended Pub. L. 107-56, title VIII, §810(d), Oct. 26, 2001, 115 Stat. 380; Pub. L. 108-458, title VI, §6603(c)-(f), Dec. 17, 2004, 118 Stat. 3762, 3763; Pub. L. 111-16, §3(6)-(8), May 7, 2009, 123 Stat. 1608; Pub. L. 114-23, title VII, §704, June 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 300.
REFERENCES IN TEXTSection 212(a)(3)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, referred to in subsecs. (a)(1) and (j), is classified to sectionof Title 8, Aliens and Nationality.Section 140(d)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989, referred to in subsec. (a)(1), is classified to section of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse.The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, referred to in subsec. (f)(1)(A)(i), are set out in the Appendix to Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure.Section 1(a) of the Classified Information Procedures Act, referred to in subsec. (g)(1), is section 1(a) of Pub. L. 95-456 which is set out in the Appendix to this title. Section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act, referred to in subsec. (g)(6), is classified to section of Title 8, Aliens and Nationality.
AMENDMENTS 2015-Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 114-23 substituted "20 years" for "15 years". 2009-Subsec. (f)(5)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 111-16, §3(6), substituted "14 days" for "10 days".Subsec. (f)(5)(B)(iii)(I). Pub. L. 111-16, §3(7), inserted ", excluding intermediate weekends and holidays" after "trial".Subsec. (f)(5)(B)(iii)(III). Pub. L. 111-16, §3(8), inserted ", excluding intermediate weekends and holidays" after "appeal". 2004-Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 108-458, §6603(c), struck out ", within the United States or subject to the jurisdiction of the United States," after "Whoever" and inserted at end "To violate this paragraph, a person must have knowledge that the organization is a designated terrorist organization (as defined in subsection (g)(6)), that the organization has engaged or engages in terrorist activity (as defined in section 212(a)(3)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act), or that the organization has engaged or engages in terrorism (as defined in section 140(d)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989)."Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 108-458, §6603(d), designated existing provisions as par. (2), inserted par. (2) heading, and added par. (1).Subsec. (g)(4). Pub. L. 108-458, §6603(e), amended par. (4) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (4) read as follows: "the term 'material support or resources' has the same meaning as in section 2339A;".Subsecs. (h) to (j). Pub. L. 108-458, §6603(f), added subsecs. (h) to (j). 2001-Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 107-56 substituted "15 years, or both, and, if the death of any person results, shall be imprisoned for any term of years or for life" for "10 years, or both".
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2009 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 111-16 effective Dec. 1, 2009, see section 7 of Pub. L. 111-16 set out as a note under sectionof Title 11, Bankruptcy.
FINDINGS AND PURPOSE Pub. L. 104-132, title III, §301, Apr. 24, 1996, 110 Stat. 1247, provided that: "(a) FINDINGS.-The Congress finds that-"(1) international terrorism is a serious and deadly problem that threatens the vital interests of the United States;"(2) the Constitution confers upon Congress the power to punish crimes against the law of nations and to carry out the treaty obligations of the United States, and therefore Congress may by law impose penalties relating to the provision of material support to foreign organizations engaged in terrorist activity; "(3) the power of the United States over immigration and naturalization permits the exclusion from the United States of persons belonging to international terrorist organizations;"(4) international terrorism affects the interstate and foreign commerce of the United States by harming international trade and market stability, and limiting international travel by United States citizens as well as foreign visitors to the United States;"(5) international cooperation is required for an effective response to terrorism, as demonstrated by the numerous multilateral conventions in force providing universal prosecutive jurisdiction over persons involved in a variety of terrorist acts, including hostage taking, murder of an internationally protected person, and aircraft piracy and sabotage;"(6) some foreign terrorist organizations, acting through affiliated groups or individuals, raise significant funds within the United States, or use the United States as a conduit for the receipt of funds raised in other nations; and"(7) foreign organizations that engage in terrorist activity are so tainted by their criminal conduct that any contribution to such an organization facilitates that conduct. "(b) PURPOSE.-The purpose of this subtitle [subtitle A (§§301-303) of title III of Pub. L. 104-132 enacting this section and section of Title 8, Aliens and Nationality] is to provide the Federal Government the fullest possible basis, consistent with the Constitution, to prevent persons within the United States, or subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, from providing material support or resources to foreign organizations that engage in terrorist activities."
- international terrorism
- the term "international terrorism" means activities that- (A) involve violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State, or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the United States or of any State; (B) appear to be intended- (i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; (ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or (iii) to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping; and (C) occur primarily outside the territorial jurisdiction of the United States, or transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons they appear intended to intimidate or coerce, or the locale in which their perpetrators operate or seek asylum;
- the term "person" means any individual or entity capable of holding a legal or beneficial interest in property;