As used in this chapter:
"Aircraft" means any contrivance now known or hereafter invented, used, or designed for navigation of or for flight in the air;
"Cattle" means one or more bulls, steers, oxen, cows, heifers, or calves, or the carcass or carcasses thereof;
"Livestock" means any domestic animals raised for home use, consumption, or profit, such as horses, pigs, llamas, goats, fowl, sheep, buffalo, and cattle, or the carcasses thereof;
"Money" means the legal tender of the United States or of any foreign country, or any counterfeit thereof;
"Motor vehicle" includes an automobile, automobile truck, automobile wagon, motorcycle, or any other self-propelled vehicle designed for running on land but not on rails;
"Securities" includes any note, stock certificate, bond, debenture, check, draft, warrant, traveler's check, letter of credit, warehouse receipt, negotiable bill of lading, evidence of indebtedness, certificate of interest or participation in any profit-sharing agreement, collateral-trust certificate, preorganization certificate or subscription, transferable share, investment contract, voting-trust certificate; valid or blank motor vehicle title; certificate of interest in property, tangible or intangible; instrument or document or writing evidencing ownership of goods, wares, and merchandise, or transferring or assigning any right, title, or interest in or to goods, wares, and merchandise; or, in general, any instrument commonly known as a "security", or any certificate of interest or participation in, temporary or interim certificate for, receipt for, warrant, or right to subscribe to or purchase any of the foregoing, or any forged, counterfeited, or spurious representation of any of the foregoing;
"Tax stamp" includes any tax stamp, tax token, tax meter imprint, or any other form of evidence of an obligation running to a State, or evidence of the discharge thereof;
"Value" means the face, par, or market value, whichever is the greatest, and the aggregate value of all goods, wares, and merchandise, securities, and money referred to in a single indictment shall constitute the value thereof.
"Vessel" means any watercraft or other contrivance used or designed for transportation or navigation on, under, or immediately above, water.
18 U.S.C. § 2311
HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., §§408, 414(b), (c), 417, 419a(a) (Oct. 29, 1919, ch. 89, §2(a), 41 Stat. 324; May 22, 1934, ch. 333, §§2(b), (c), 5, 48 Stat. 794, 795; Aug. 3, 1939, ch. 413, §3, 53 Stat. 1178; Aug. 18, 1941, ch. 366, §2(a), 55 Stat. 631; Sept. 24, 1945, ch. 383, §1, 59 Stat. 536).The definitive provisions in each of said sections were separated therefrom and consolidated into this one section defining terms used in this chapter.The definitions of "interstate or foreign commerce", contained in said section 408 and in sections 414(a) and 419a(b) of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., are incorporated in sectionof this title.Other provisions of section 408 of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., are incorporated in sections and of this title.In the definition of "motor vehicle", words "designed for running on land but not on rails" were substituted for "not designed for running on rails" so as to conform with the ruling in the case of McBoyle v. U.S. (1931, 51 S. Ct. 340, 283, U. S. 25, 75 L. Ed. 816), in which the Supreme Court held that "vehicle" is limited to vehicles running on land and that motor vehicle does not include an airplane.In the paragraph defining "value" which came from said section 417 of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., words "In the event that a defendant is charged in the same indictment with two or more violations of sections 413-419 of this title, then" were omitted and the same meaning was preserved by the substitution of the words "a single" for the word "such."Minor changes were made in phraseology.
AMENDMENTS2006- Pub. L. 109-177 inserted definition of "Vessel".2002- Pub. L. 107-273 substituted semicolon for period at end of third par. 1996- Pub. L. 104-294 substituted "Livestock" for "livestock" in third par. 1994- Pub. L. 103-322 inserted definition of "livestock".1984- Pub. L. 98-547 inserted "valid or blank motor vehicle title;" in definition of "Securities".1961- Pub. L. 87-371 inserted definition of "Tax stamp".
STATUTORY NOTES AND RELATED SUBSIDIARIES
EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 104-294 effective Sept. 13, 1994, see section 604(d) of Pub. L. 104-294 set out as a note under sectionof this title.
SHORT TITLE OF 2004 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 108-482, title I, §101, Dec. 23, 2004, 118 Stat. 3912, provided that: "This title [amending sectionof this title and enacting provisions set out as a note under section of this title] may be cited as the 'Anti-counterfeiting Amendments Act of 2004'."
SHORT TITLE OF 1997 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 105-147, §1, Dec. 16, 1997, 111 Stat. 2678, provided that: "This Act [amending sectionsto of this title, sections , , and of Title 17, Copyrights, and section 1498 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure, and enacting provisions set out as a note under section 994 of Title 28] may be cited as the 'No Electronic Theft (NET) Act'."
SHORT TITLE OF 1996 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 104-153, §1, July 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1386, provided that: "This Act [amending sections, , and of this title, sections and of Title 15, Commerce and Trade, section of Title 17, Copyrights, sections , , and of Title 19, Customs Duties, and section of Title 49, Transportation, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section and section of Title 19] may be cited as the 'Anticounterfeiting Consumer Protection Act of 1996'."
SHORT TITLE OF 1992 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 102-519, §1, Oct. 25, 1992, 106 Stat. 3384, provided that: "This Act [enacting sectionsand of this title, sections 2026a to 2026c and 2041 to 2044 of Title 15, Commerce and Trade, sections and of Title 19, Customs Duties, and sections 3750a to 3750d of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, amending sections , , , , and of this title, sections 2021 to 2023, 2025, 2027, and 2034 of Title 15, and enacting provisions set out as notes under section of this title, sections 2026a, 2026b, and 2041 of Title 15, and section of Title 19] may be cited as the 'Anti Car Theft Act of 1992'."
SHORT TITLE OF 1984 AMENDMENTS Pub. L. 98-547, §1(a), Oct. 25, 1984, 98 Stat. 2754, provided that: "This Act [enacting sections 511, 512, 553, and 2320 [now 2321] of this title, sections 2021 to 2034 of Title 15, Commerce and Trade, and sectionof Title 19, Customs Duties, amending this section, sections and of this title, and section of Title 15, and enacting provisions set out as a note under section 2021 of Title 15] may be cited as the 'Motor Vehicle Theft Law Enforcement Act of 1984'."Pub. L. 98-473 title II, §1501, Oct. 12, 1984, 98 Stat. 2178, provided that: "This chapter [chapter XV (§§1501-1503) of title II of Pub. L. 98-473, enacting section of this title and amending sections , , and of Title 15, Commerce and Trade] may be cited as the 'Trademark Counterfeiting Act of 1984'."
SHORT TITLE OF 1982 AMENDMENT Pub. L. 97-180, §1, May 24, 1982, 96 Stat. 91, provided: "That this Act [enacting sectionof this title and amending section of this title and section of Title 17, Copyrights] may be cited as the 'Piracy and Counterfeiting Amendments Act of 1982'."
COUNTERFEITING OF TRADEMARKED AND COPYRIGHTED MERCHANDISE; CONGRESSIONAL STATEMENT OF FINDINGS Pub. L. 104-153, §2, July 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1386, provided that: "The counterfeiting of trademarked and copyrighted merchandise-"(1) has been connected with organized crime;"(2) deprives legitimate trademark and copyright owners of substantial revenues and consumer goodwill;"(3) poses health and safety threats to United States consumers;"(4) eliminates United States jobs; and"(5) is a multibillion-dollar drain on the United States economy."
CONGRESSIONAL DECLARATION OF PURPOSE OF 1984 AMENDMENTPub. L. 98-547, §2, Oct. 25, 1984, 98 Stat. 2754, provided that: "It is the purpose of this Act [see Short Title of 1984 Amendments note above]-"(1) to provide for the identification of certain motor vehicles and their major replacement parts to impede motor vehicle theft; "(2) to augment the Federal criminal penalties imposed upon persons trafficking in stolen motor vehicles;"(3) to encourage decreases in premiums charged consumers for motor vehicle theft insurance; and"(4) to reduce opportunities for exporting or importing stolen motor vehicles and off-highway mobile equipment."