Okla. Stat. tit. 63 § 5053.1

Current through Laws 2024, c. 378.
Section 5053.1 - Definitions - Civil penalty for false or fraudulent claims
A. For purposes of this section:
1. "Claim":
a. means any request or demand for money or property, whether under a contract or otherwise and whether or not the state has title to the money or property, that:
(1) is presented to an officer, employee or agent of the state, or
(2) is made to a contractor, grantee or other recipient, if the money or property is to be spent or used on the state's behalf or to advance a state program or interest, and if this state:
(a) provides or has provided any portion of the money or property requested or demanded, or
(b) will reimburse such contractor, grantee or other recipient for any portion of the money or property which is requested or demanded; and
b. shall not include requests or demands for money or property that the government has paid to an individual as compensation for state employment or as an income subsidy with no restrictions on the individual's use of the money or property;
2. "Knowing" and "knowingly" mean that a person, with respect to information:
a. has actual knowledge of the information,
b. acts in deliberate ignorance of the truth or falsity of the information, or
c. acts in reckless disregard of the truth or falsity of the information.

No proof of specific intent to defraud is required;

3. "Material" means having a natural tendency to influence or be capable of influencing the payment or receipt of money or property; and
4. "Obligation" means an established duty, whether or not fixed, arising from an express or implied contractual, grantor-grantee or licensor-licensee relationship, from a fee-based or similar relationship, from statute or regulation or from the retention of any overpayment.
B. Any person who:
1. Knowingly presents, or causes to be presented, a false or fraudulent claim for payment or approval;
2. Knowingly makes, uses, or causes to be made or used, a false record or statement material to a false or fraudulent claim;
3. Conspires to commit a violation of the Oklahoma Medicaid False Claims Act;
4. Has possession, custody, or control of property or money used, or to be used, by the state and knowingly delivers, or causes to be delivered, less than all of such money or property;
5. Is authorized to make or deliver a document certifying receipt of property used or to be used by the state and, intending to defraud the state, makes or delivers the receipt without completely knowing that the information on the receipt is true;
6. Knowingly buys or receives as a pledge of an obligation or debt, public property from an officer or employee of the state who lawfully may not sell or pledge property; or
7. Knowingly makes, uses or causes to be made or used, a false record or statement material to an obligation to pay or transmit money or property to the state, or knowingly conceals or knowingly and improperly avoids or decreases an obligation to pay or transmit money or property to the state;

is liable to the State of Oklahoma for a civil penalty consistent with the civil penalties provision of the Federal False Claims Act, 31 U.S.C. 3729(a), as adjusted by the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 (28 U.S.C. 2461 note; Public Law 101-410), and as further amended by the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 ( Sec. 701 of Public Law 114-74), plus three times the amount of damages which the state sustains because of the act of that person.

C. If the court finds that:
1. The person committing the violation in subsection B of this section furnished officials of this state responsible for investigating false claims violations with all information known to such person about the violation within thirty (30) days after the date on which the defendant first obtained the information;
2. The person fully cooperated with any state investigation of the violation; and
3. At the time the person furnished the state with the information about the violation, no criminal prosecution, civil action, or administrative action had commenced under this title with respect to the violation, and the person did not have actual knowledge of the existence of an investigation into the violation, the court may assess not less than two times the amount of damages which the state sustains because of the act of the person.
D. A person violating subsection B of this section shall also be liable to this state for the costs of a civil action brought to recover any such penalty or damages.
E. Any information furnished pursuant to subsections A through D of this section shall be exempt from disclosure under the Oklahoma Open Records Act.
F. This section does not apply to claims, records or statements under the Oklahoma Tax Code.

Okla. Stat. tit. 63, § 5053.1

Amended by Laws 2017 , c. 86, s. 1, eff. 11/1/2017.
Amended by Laws 2016 , c. 44, s. 1, eff. 11/1/2016.
Added by Laws 2007 , SB 889, c. 137, §2, eff. 11/1/2007.