Conn. Gen. Stat. § 52-577a

Current through legislation from 2024 effective through May 9, 2024.
Section 52-577a - Limitation of action based on product liability claim
(a) No product liability claim, as defined in section 52-572m, shall be brought but within three years from the date when the injury, death or property damage is first sustained or discovered or in the exercise of reasonable care should have been discovered, except that, subject to the provisions of subsections (c), (d) and (e) of this section, no such action may be brought against any party nor may any party be impleaded pursuant to subsection (b) of this section later than ten years from the date that the party last parted with possession or control of the product.
(b) In any such action, a product seller may implead any third party who is or may be liable for all or part of the claimant's claim, if such third party defendant is served with the third party complaint within one year from the date the cause of action brought under subsection (a) of this section is returned to court.
(c) The ten-year limitation provided for in subsection (a) of this section shall not apply to any product liability claim brought by a claimant who can prove that the harm occurred during the useful safe life of the product. In determining whether a product's useful safe life has expired, the trier of fact may consider among other factors:
(1) The effect on the product of wear and tear or deterioration from natural causes;
(2) the effect of climatic and other local conditions in which the product was used;
(3) the policy of the user and similar users as to repairs, renewals and replacements;
(4) representations, instructions and warnings made by the product seller about the useful safe life of the product; and
(5) any modification or alteration of the product by a user or third party.
(d) The ten-year limitation provided for in subsection (a) of this section shall be extended pursuant to the terms of any express written warranty that the product can be used for a period longer than ten years, and shall not preclude any action against a product seller who intentionally misrepresents a product or fraudulently conceals information about it, provided the misrepresentation or fraudulent concealment was the proximate cause of harm of the claimant.
(e) The ten-year limitation provided for in subsection (a) of this section shall not apply to any product liability claim, whenever brought, involving injury, death or property damage caused by contact with or exposure to asbestos, except that (1) no such action for personal injury or death may be brought by the claimant later than eighty years from the date that the claimant last had contact with or exposure to asbestos, and (2) no such action for damage to property may be brought by the claimant later than thirty years from the date of last contact with or exposure to asbestos.
(f) The definitions contained in section 52-572m shall apply to this section.
(g) The provisions of this section shall apply to all product liability claims brought on or after October 1, 1979.

Conn. Gen. Stat. § 52-577a

(P.A. 76-293, S. 1, 2; P.A. 77-604, S. 36, 84; P.A. 79-483, S. 3; 79-631, S. 107, 111; P.A. 82-160, S. 247; P.A. 87-537, S. 12, 13; P.A. 90-191, S. 1; May Sp. Sess. P.A. 92-11, S. 40, 70; P.A. 05-288, S. 180; P.A. 11-200, S. 1; P.A. 17-97, S. 1.)

Amended by P.A. 17-0097, S. 1 of the Connecticut Acts of the 2017 Regular Session, eff. 10/1/2017.
Amended by P.A. 11-0200, S. 1 of the the 2011 Regular Session, eff. 7/13/2011.

When the wrong sued upon consists of a continuing course of conduct, statute does not begin to run until that course of conduct is completed. 180 Conn. 230. Cited. 187 Conn. 363; 191 Conn. 150. Court held act to be constitutional; not in violation of equal protection or open access to courts. 200 Conn. 562. Cited. 203 Conn. 156; 205 Conn. 219; 207 C. 496; Id., 599; 210 Conn. 189; 212 Conn. 462; Id., 509; 213 Conn. 282; 214 Conn. 464; 230 C. 335. Doctrine of nullum tempus occurrit regi, i.e. no time runs against the king, exempts state from operation of section. 307 Conn. 412. Cited. 16 Conn.App. 558; 31 Conn.App. 824; 46 CA 18; Id., 699. Under section, claimant is not time-barred until he knows, or should have known, the identity of the negligent person who caused his injury to occur. 75 Conn.App. 560. Cited. 37 Conn.Supp. 735; 44 Conn.Supp. 510. Statutes of repose allow defendants at some point to be free from liability, absent unclean or fraudulent conduct, and logical conclusion is that legislature intended state to abide by statutes of repose. 51 Conn.Supp. 265. Subsec. (a): Section held constitutional. 207 C. 599. Statute of limitations began to run when damage was first discovered. 48 CA 160. Subsec. (c): Enumerated factors merely are guidelines to aid fact finder in determining whether a product is within its safe and useful life. 76 CA 137.