(a) Any person who knowingly has, in any vehicle owned, operated or occupied by such person, any weapon, any pistol or revolver for which a proper permit has not been issued as provided in section 29-28 or any machine gun which has not been registered as required by section 53-202, shall be guilty of a class D felony, and the presence of any such weapon, pistol or revolver, or machine gun in any vehicle shall be prima facie evidence of a violation of this section by the owner, operator and each occupant thereof. The word "weapon", as used in this section, means any BB. gun, any blackjack, any metal or brass knuckles, any police baton or nightstick, any dirk knife or switch knife, any knife having an automatic spring release device by which a blade is released from the handle, having a blade of over one and one-half inches in length, any stiletto, any knife the edged portion of the blade of which is four inches or more in length, any martial arts weapon or electronic defense weapon, as defined in section 53a-3, or any other dangerous or deadly weapon or instrument.(b) The provisions of this section shall not apply to: (1) Any officer charged with the preservation of the public peace while engaged in the pursuit of such officer's official duties;(2) any security guard having a baton or nightstick in a vehicle while engaged in the pursuit of such guard's official duties;(3) any person enrolled in and currently attending a martial arts school, with official verification of such enrollment and attendance, or any certified martial arts instructor, having any such martial arts weapon in a vehicle while traveling to or from such school or to or from an authorized event or competition;(4) any person having a BB. gun in a vehicle provided such weapon is unloaded and stored in the trunk of such vehicle or in a locked container other than the glove compartment or console;(5) any person having a knife, the edged portion of the blade of which is four inches or more in length, in a vehicle if such person is (A) any member of the armed forces of the United States, as defined in section 27-103, or any reserve component thereof, or of the armed forces of the state, as defined in section 27-2, when on duty or going to or from duty, (B) any member of any military organization when on parade or when going to or from any place of assembly, (C) any person while transporting such knife as merchandise or for display at an authorized gun or knife show, (D) any person while lawfully removing such person's household goods or effects from one place to another, or from one residence to another, (E) any person while actually and peaceably engaged in carrying any such knife from such person's place of abode or business to a place or person where or by whom such knife is to be repaired, or while actually and peaceably returning to such person's place of abode or business with such knife after the same has been repaired, (F) any person holding a valid hunting, fishing or trapping license issued pursuant to chapter 490 or any saltwater fisherman while having such knife in a vehicle for lawful hunting, fishing or trapping activities, or (G) any person participating in an authorized historic reenactment;(6) any person having an electronic defense weapon, as defined in section 53a-3, in a vehicle, who is twenty-one years of age or older and possesses a permit or certificate issued under the provisions of section 29-28, 29-36f, 29-37p or 29-38n; or(7) any person having a dirk knife or police baton in a vehicle while lawfully moving such person's household goods or effects from one place to another, or from one residence to another.
(1949 Rev., S. 4169; 1953, S. 2133d; P.A. 86-280, S. 1; P.A. 87-220, S. 2; P.A. 98-129, S. 11; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 98-1, S. 120, 121; P.A. 99-212, S. 14; P.A. 10-32, S. 98; P.A. 13-258, S. 94; P.A. 14-122, S. 46; P.A. 16-178, S. 1.)Amended by P.A. 21-0031,S. 1 of the Connecticut Acts of the 2021 Regular Session, eff. 7/1/2021.Amended by P.A. 16-0178, S. 1 of the Connecticut Acts of the 2016 Regular Session, eff. 10/1/2016.Amended by P.A. 14-0122, S. 46 of the Connecticut Acts of the 2014 Regular Session, eff. 10/1/2014.
After defendant's loaded revolver was removed from his waistband while he was seated in his car after midnight in a high crime area, officer justified in seizure and arrest of defendant under the circumstances of speedy information by informant. 157 Conn. 114. Search of defendant's car, upon his arrest for breach of the peace, which yielded weapon was incidental to his arrest and properly made. Id., 222. Cited. 163 Conn. 176. Section has the effect of placing the burden of proof on alleged violators constituting a denial of due process and is therefore invalid. 165 Conn. 577, 597. Cited. 170 Conn. 81. State must prove beyond reasonable doubt that proper permit had not been issued, since that is essential element of the crime. Id., 234. Cited. 172 Conn. 21; Id., 94; 174 Conn. 22; Id., 405; 178 Conn. 534; 179 Conn. 516; 183 C. 148; 188 C. 406; 189 C. 35; 190 C. 259; 193 Conn. 7; 195 C. 668; 197 C. 358; 201 C. 190; 205 C. 262; Id., 370; 207 C. 565; 209 C. 98; 211 Conn. 258; 217 Conn. 73; 222 Conn. 718; 225 C. 650; 227 Conn. 363; 233 C. 215; 237 Conn. 348; 239 C. 56; 240 C. 489. If defendant knowingly has item in a vehicle and intentionally uses that item in a manner capable of causing serious physical injury, the elements of section have been met, regardless of whether he had a prior intent to do so; when item that defendant is charged with having in the vehicle is an otherwise legal item and did not become a dangerous instrument within meaning of section until it was used in self-defense, defendant may raise Sec. 53a-19 as a defense. 271 C. 785. Section concerns unlawful possession of both firearms and weapons, and possession does not necessarily mean "carrying". 298 C. 1. Knife designed primarily for stabbing purposes, rather than for utilitarian purposes, and having a handle guard and two sharpened edges that taper to a point falls within the meaning of a dirk knife for purposes of section; expandable metal baton constitutes a police baton for purposes of section; prohibition on transport of dirk knives and police batons to one's home violates second amendment right to bear arms and therefore section, as applied, is unconstitutional. 315 C. 79. Cited. 7 CA 95; 9 Conn.App. 169; judgment reversed, see 205 Conn. 370; Id., 330; 10 CA 395; 11 CA 11; Id., 251; Id., 621; 12 CA 268; 13 CA 76; Id., 288; 15 CA 305; 17 Conn.App. 243; Id., 556; 19 CA 48; 21 CA 299; 23 CA 602; 25 CA 181; Id., 433; 30 CA 9; Id., 232; 38 Conn.App. 434; 45 CA 110. Elements discussed. 47 CA 586. Statute does not require state to prove that defendant possessed the knife in the vehicle; it is sufficient for state to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that defendant knew the knife was in the vehicle. 63 CA 228. Is not a crime to have a hammer in a motor vehicle unless it is intended to be used as a dangerous instrument or for some other illicit purpose. 70 CA 855. State's search of state and city database for evidence of permit to carry pistol was insufficient to meet state's burden of establishing that defendant lacked a valid permit to lawfully carry a pistol on date of incident because state failed to establish that defendant was a resident of the city or had a place of business within the city during the 60-day period immediately preceding the alleged conduct. 156 Conn.App. 175; judgment reversed in part, see 324 Conn. 782. Separate and distinct crime from the carrying of dangerous weapons on the person. 10 Conn.Supp. 272. Cited. 22 Conn.Supp. 173; Id., 201; 23 Conn.Supp. 82; 35 CS 659. Cited. 5 Conn. Cir. Ct. 119.