Colo. Rev. Stat. § 18-9-111

Current through Chapter 25 of the 2021 Legislative Session
Section 18-9-111 - Harassment - Kiana Arellano's law
(1) A person commits harassment if, with intent to harass, annoy, or alarm another person, he or she:
(a) Strikes, shoves, kicks, or otherwise touches a person or subjects him to physical contact; or
(b) In a public place directs obscene language or makes an obscene gesture to or at another person; or
(c) Follows a person in or about a public place; or
(d) Repealed.
(e) Directly or indirectly initiates communication with a person or directs language toward another person, anonymously or otherwise, by telephone, telephone network, data network, text message, instant message, computer, computer network, computer system, or other interactive electronic medium in a manner intended to harass or threaten bodily injury or property damage, or makes any comment, request, suggestion, or proposal by telephone, computer, computer network, computer system, or other interactive electronic medium that is obscene; or
(f) Makes a telephone call or causes a telephone to ring repeatedly, whether or not a conversation ensues, with no purpose of legitimate conversation; or
(g) Makes repeated communications at inconvenient hours that invade the privacy of another and interfere in the use and enjoyment of another's home or private residence or other private property; or
(h) Repeatedly insults, taunts, challenges, or makes communications in offensively coarse language to, another in a manner likely to provoke a violent or disorderly response.
(1.5) As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires, "obscene" means a patently offensive description of ultimate sexual acts or solicitation to commit ultimate sexual acts, whether or not said ultimate sexual acts are normal or perverted, actual or simulated, including masturbation, cunnilingus, fellatio, anilingus, or excretory functions.
(2) Harassment pursuant to subsection (1) of this section is a class 3 misdemeanor; except that harassment is a class 1 misdemeanor if the offender commits harassment pursuant to subsection (1) of this section with the intent to intimidate or harass another person because of that person's actual or perceived race; color; religion; ancestry; national origin; physical or mental disability, as defined in section 18-9-121(5)(a); or sexual orientation, as defined in section 18-9-121(5)(b).
(3) Any act prohibited by paragraph (e) of subsection (1) of this section may be deemed to have occurred or to have been committed at the place at which the telephone call, electronic mail, or other electronic communication was either made or received.
(4) to (6) Repealed.
(7) Paragraph (e) of subsection (1) of this section shall be known and may be cited as "Kiana Arellano's Law".
(8) This section is not intended to infringe upon any right guaranteed to any person by the first amendment to the United States constitution or to prevent the expression of any religious, political, or philosophical views.

C.R.S. § 18-9-111

Amended by 2017 Ch. 185,§ 1, eff. 8/9/2017.
Amended by 2015 Ch. 120,§ 1, eff. 7/1/2015.
L. 71: R&RE, p. 469, § 1. C.R.S. 1963: § 40-9-111. L. 76: (1)(e) R&RE and (1.5) added, p. 561, §§ 1, 2, effective May 21. L. 81: (1)(e) amended, p. 981, § 6, effective May 13. L. 90: (1)(d) repealed, p. 926, § 11, effective March 27. L. 92: (2) amended and (4) to (6) added, p. 413, § 1, effective July 1. L. 93: (5)(a) amended and (5)(a.5) added, p. 1703, § 1, effective July 1. L. 94: IP(1), (1)(g), and (1)(h) amended, p. 1463, § 3, effective July 1; (4) and (5) amended, p. 2018, § 1, effective July 1; (5)(b) amended, p. 1719, § 14, effective July 1. L. 95: (5) amended, p. 1258, § 26, effective July 1. L. 97: (4)(b)(I) amended, p. 1540, § 4, effective July 1. L. 99: (2), (4), and (5) amended, pp. 795, 792, §§ 4, 1, effective July 1. L. 2000: (1)(e) and (3) amended, p. 693, § 4, effective July 1. L. 2003: (5)(b) amended, p. 1014, § 23, effective July 1. L. 2004: (5)(a.7) added, p. 636, § 11, effective August 4. L. 2009: (1)(e) amended, (HB 09-1132), ch. 341, p. 1793, §4, effective July 1. L. 2010: (4), (5), and (6) repealed, (HB 10-1233), ch. 88, p. 295, §2, effective August 11. L. 2015: (1)(e) amended, and (7) and (8) added, (HB 15-1072), ch. 120, p. 364, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2017: (2) amended, (HB 17-1188), ch. 185, p. 677, § 1, effective August 9.

(1) Amendments to subsection (5) in House Bill 94-1045 and House Bill 94-1126 were harmonized.

(2) Subsections (4), (5), and (6) were relocated to part 6 of article 3 of this title in 2010.

For provisions concerning harassment by debt collectors or collection agencies, see § 5-16-106.