Colo. Rev. Stat. § 14-5-103

Current through 2023 Legislative Session
Section 14-5-103 - State tribunals and support enforcement agency
(a) The court and the administrative agency are the tribunals of this state.
(b) The county and state child support services agencies are the support enforcement agencies of this state.

C.R.S. § 14-5-103

Amended by 2015 Ch. 173,§ 2, eff. 7/1/2015.
L. 2003: Entire part amended with relocations, p. 1243, § 2, effective July 1, 2004. L. 2015: Entire section amended, (HB 15-1198), ch. 173, p. 546, § 2, effective July 1.

In 2003, this section was formerly numbered as § 14-5-102, and the former § 14-5-103 was relocated to § 14-5-104.


Subsection (a) provides for the identification of the tribunal or tribunals to be charged with the application of this act.

Subsection (b) performs the same function for the support enforcement agency or agencies. By its terms it indicates the legislature may designate more than one entity as authorized to enforce a support order, including a private agency. To clarify, federal law and regulations require that each state designate a "single and separate organizational unit" as the state agency that is charged with administration of the state plan and is authorized, and funded under Title IV-D of the Social Security Act. Known throughout the United States as the as the "IV-D agency," it may delegate any of its functions to another state or local agency or may purchase services from any person or private agency. The IV-D agency, however, retains responsibility for ensuring compliance with the Title IV- D state plan. Moreover, by virtue of the receipt of a federal subsidy, the agency is subject to federal regulations. The legislature may also decide to provide services unrelated to, or not funded by the Title IV-D system. For example, the state legislature could identify (and fund) a private agency authorized to enforce a spousal-support order not involving child support, or could fund a public defender system to provide counsel for indigent defendants in IV-D cases.