Colo. Rev. Stat. § 12-10-408

Current through Chapter 1 of the 2024 Legislative Session
Section 12-10-408 - Broker disclosures
(1)
(a) Any person, firm, partnership, limited liability company, association, or corporation acting as a broker shall adopt a written office policy that identifies and describes the relationships offered to the public by the broker.
(b) A broker shall not be required to offer or engage in any one or in all of the brokerage relationships enumerated in section 12-10-404, 12-10-405, or 12-10-407.
(c) Written disclosures and written agreements required by subsection (2) of this section shall contain a statement to the seller, landlord, buyer, or tenant that different brokerage relationships are available that include buyer agency, seller agency, or status as a transaction-broker. Should the seller, landlord, buyer, or tenant request information or ask questions concerning a brokerage relationship not offered by the broker pursuant to the broker's written office policy enumerated in subsection (1)(a) of this section, the broker shall provide to the party a written definition of that brokerage relationship that has been promulgated by the real estate commission.
(d) Disclosures made in accordance with this part 4 shall be sufficient to disclose brokerage relationships to the public.
(2)
(a)
(I) Prior to engaging in any of the activities enumerated in section 12-10-201(6), a transaction-broker shall disclose in writing to the party to be assisted that the broker is not acting as agent for the party and that the broker is acting as a transaction-broker.
(II) As part of each relationship entered into by a broker pursuant to subsection (2)(a)(I) of this section, written disclosure shall be made that shall contain a signature block for the buyer, seller, landlord, or tenant to acknowledge receipt of the disclosure. The disclosure and acknowledgment, by itself, shall not constitute a contract with the broker. If the buyer, seller, landlord, or tenant chooses not to sign the acknowledgment, the broker shall note that fact on a copy of the disclosure and shall retain the copy.
(III) If the transaction-broker undertakes any obligations or responsibilities in addition to or different from those set forth in section 12-10-407, the obligations or responsibilities shall be disclosed in a writing that shall be signed by the involved parties.
(b) Prior to engaging in any of the activities enumerated in section 12-10-201(6), a broker intending to establish a single agency relationship with a seller, landlord, buyer, or tenant shall enter into a written agency agreement with the party to be represented. The agreement shall disclose the duties and responsibilities specified in section 12-10-404 or 12-10-405, as applicable. Notice of the single agency relationship shall be furnished to any prospective party to the proposed transaction in a timely manner.
(c)
(I) Prior to engaging in any of the activities enumerated in section 12-10-201(6), a broker intending to work with a buyer or tenant as an agent of the seller or landlord shall provide a written disclosure to the buyer or tenant that shall contain the following:
(A) A statement that the broker is an agent for the seller or landlord and is not an agent for the buyer or tenant;
(B) A list of the tasks that the agent intends to perform for the seller or landlord with the buyer or tenant; and
(C) A statement that the buyer or tenant shall not be vicariously liable for the acts of the agent unless the buyer or tenant approves, directs, or ratifies the acts.
(II) The written disclosure required pursuant to subsection (2)(c)(I) of this section shall contain a signature block for the buyer or tenant to acknowledge receipt of the disclosure. The disclosure and acknowledgment, by itself, shall not constitute a contract with the broker. If the buyer or tenant does not sign the disclosure, the broker shall note that fact on a copy of the disclosure and retain the copy.
(d) A broker who has already established a relationship with one party to a proposed transaction shall advise at the earliest reasonable opportunity any other potential parties or their agents of the established relationship.
(e)
(I) Prior to engaging in any of the activities enumerated in section 12-10-201(6), the seller, buyer, landlord, or tenant shall be advised in any written agreement with a broker that the brokerage relationship exists only with the designated broker, does not extend to the employing broker or to any other brokers employed or engaged by the employing broker who are not so designated, and does not extend to the brokerage company.
(II) Nothing in this subsection (2)(e) shall be construed to limit the employing broker's or firm's responsibility to supervise licensees employed by the broker or firm nor to shield the broker or firm from vicarious liability.

C.R.S. § 12-10-408

Renumbered from C.R.S. § 12-61-808 and amended by 2019 Ch. 136,§ 1, eff. 10/1/2019.
L. 93: Entire part added, p. 988, § 1, effective January 1, 1994. L. 2002: (1)(a) to (1)(c), (2)(b), (2)(c), (2)(d)(I), and (2)(e) amended and (2)(g) added, p. 1061, § 8, effective January 1, 2003. L. 2008: (2)(a)(I), (2)(b), IP(2)(d)(I), and (2)(g)(I) amended, p. 509, § 25, effective April 17.

This section is similar to former § 12-61-808 as it existed prior to 2019.