Va. Code § 20-108.2

Current with changes from the 2019 Legislative Session through Ch. 847
Section 20-108.2 - Guideline for determination of child support; quadrennial review by Child Support Guidelines Review Panel; executive summary

A. There shall be a rebuttable presumption in any judicial or administrative proceeding for child support under this title or Title 16.1 or 63.2, including cases involving split custody , shared custody, or multiple custody arrangements pursuant to subdivisions G 4, 5, and 6, that the amount of the award which would result from the application of the guidelines set forth in this section is the correct amount of child support to be awarded. In order to rebut the presumption, the court shall make written findings in the order as set out in § 20-108.1, which findings may be incorporated by reference, that the application of the guidelines would be unjust or inappropriate in a particular case as determined by relevant evidence pertaining to the factors set out in § 20-108.1. The Department of Social Services shall set child support at the amount resulting from computations using the guidelines set out in this section pursuant to the authority granted to it in Chapter 19 (§ 63.2-1900 et seq.) of Title 63.2 and subject to the provisions of § 63.2-1918.

B. For purposes of application of the guideline, a basic child support obligation shall be computed using the schedule set out below. For combined monthly gross income amounts falling between amounts shown in the schedule, basic child support obligation amounts shall be extrapolated. However, unless one of the following exemptions applies where the sole custody child support obligation as computed pursuant to subdivision G 1 is less than the statutory minimum per month, there shall be a presumptive minimum child support obligation of the statutory minimum per month payable by the payor parent. If the gross income of the obligor is equal to or less than 150 percent of the federal poverty level promulgated by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services from time to time, then the court, upon hearing evidence that there is no ability to pay the presumptive statutory minimum, may set an obligation below the presumptive statutory minimum provided doing so does not create or reduce a support obligation to an amount which seriously impairs the custodial parent's ability to maintain minimal adequate housing and provide other basic necessities for the child. Exemptions from this presumptive minimum monthly child support obligation shall include: parents unable to pay child support because they lack sufficient assets from which to pay child support and who, in addition, are institutionalized in a psychiatric facility; are imprisoned for life with no chance of parole; are medically verified to be totally and permanently disabled with no evidence of potential for paying child support, including recipients of Supplemental Security Income (SSI); or are otherwise involuntarily unable to produce income. "Number of children" means the number of children for whom the parents share joint legal responsibility and for whom support is being sought.

SCHEDULE OF MONTHLY BASIC CHILD SUPPORT OBLIGATIONS

COMBINED

MONTHLY

GROSS

ONE

TWO

THREE

FOUR

FIVE

SIX

INCOME

CHILD

CHILDREN

CHILDREN

CHILDREN

CHILDREN

CHILDREN

0-350

68

104

126

141

155

169

400

78

119

144

161

177

192

450

88

133

162

181

199

216

500

97

148

179

200

220

239

550

107

162

197

220

242

263

600

116

177

215

240

264

287

650

126

191

232

259

285

310

700

135

206

250

279

307

333

750

145

220

267

298

328

357

800

154

234

284

317

349

379

850

163

248

300

336

369

401

900

171

260

316

353

388

422

950

179

273

331

369

406

442

1000

187

285

346

386

425

462

1050

196

298

361

403

443

482

1100

204

310

375

419

461

501

1150

212

323

390

436

480

521

1200

220

335

405

453

498

541

1250

228

347

420

469

516

561

1300

237

360

435

486

535

581

1350

245

372

450

503

553

601

1400

253

385

465

519

571

621

1450

261

397

480

536

589

641

1500

269

410

495

552

608

661

1550

278

422

509

569

626

680

1600

286

434

524

585

644

700

1650

293

446

538

601

661

718

1700

301

457

552

616

678

737

1750

309

469

566

632

695

756

1800

316

481

579

647

712

774

1850

324

492

593

663

729

792

1900

331

504

607

678

746

811

1950

339

515

621

693

763

829

2000

347

527

635

709

780

848

2050

354

538

648

724

797

866

2100

362

550

662

740

814

884

2150

369

561

676

755

830

903

2200

377

573

690

770

847

921

2250

385

584

703

786

864

940

2300

392

596

717

801

881

958

2350

400

607

731

817

898

976

2400

407

619

745

832

915

995

2450

415

630

759

847

932

1013

2500

423

642

772

863

949

1032

2550

430

653

786

878

966

1050

2600

438

665

800

894

983

1068

2650

445

676

814

909

1000

1087

2700

453

688

828

924

1017

1105

2750

460

699

841

940

1034

1124

2800

468

711

855

955

1051

1142

2850

476

722

869

971

1068

1160

2900

483

734

883

986

1084

1179

2950

491

745

896

1001

1101

1197

3000

498

757

910

1017

1118

1216

3050

506

768

924

1032

1135

1234

3100

514

780

938

1047

1152

1252

3150

521

791

952

1063

1169

1271

3200

529

803

965

1078

1186

1289

3250

536

814

979

1094

1203

1308

3300

544

826

993

1109

1220

1326

3350

551

837

1006

1123

1236

1343

3400

559

848

1019

1138

1252

1361

3450

566

859

1032

1152

1268

1378

3500

574

870

1045

1167

1283

1395

3550

581

881

1057

1181

1299

1412

3600

588

892

1070

1196

1315

1430

3650

596

903

1083

1210

1331

1447

3700

603

914

1096

1224

1347

1464

3750

611

925

1109

1239

1363

1481

3800

618

936

1122

1253

1379

1499

3850

626

947

1135

1268

1395

1516

3900

632

956

1146

1280

1408

1531

3950

638

966

1157

1293

1422

1546

4000

645

975

1168

1305

1436

1561

4050

651

985

1180

1318

1449

1575

4100

658

994

1191

1330

1463

1590

4150

664

1004

1202

1342

1477

1605

4200

670

1013

1213

1355

1490

1620

4250

677

1023

1224

1367

1504

1635

4300

682

1030

1233

1377

1515

1647

4350

687

1038

1242

1387

1526

1658

4400

693

1046

1251

1397

1537

1670

4450

698

1054

1260

1407

1548

1682

4500

704

1062

1268

1417

1559

1694

4550

709

1069

1277

1427

1569

1706

4600

714

1077

1286

1437

1580

1718

4650

720

1085

1295

1447

1591

1730

4700

725

1093

1304

1457

1602

1742

4750

731

1100

1313

1466

1613

1753

4800

736

1108

1322

1476

1624

1765

4850

741

1116

1331

1486

1635

1777

4900

747

1124

1339

1496

1646

1789

4950

752

1131

1348

1506

1656

1800

5000

755

1136

1353

1511

1662

1807

5050

759

1141

1358

1516

1668

1813

5100

762

1145

1362

1522

1674

1820

5150

766

1150

1367

1527

1680

1826

5200

769

1155

1372

1533

1686

1833

5250

773

1159

1377

1538

1692

1839

5300

776

1164

1382

1544

1698

1846

5350

780

1169

1387

1549

1704

1852

5400

783

1173

1392

1554

1710

1859

5450

787

1178

1397

1560

1716

1865

5500

790

1183

1401

1565

1722

1872

5550

794

1187

1406

1571

1728

1878

5600

797

1192

1411

1576

1734

1885

5650

800

1196

1416

1582

1740

1891

5700

803

1201

1421

1587

1746

1897

5750

806

1205

1425

1592

1751

1904

5800

809

1209

1430

1598

1757

1910

5850

812

1213

1435

1603

1763

1917

5900

815

1217

1440

1608

1769

1923

5950

818

1221

1444

1613

1775

1929

6000

821

1226

1449

1619

1781

1936

6050

823

1230

1454

1624

1787

1942

6100

826

1234

1459

1629

1792

1948

6150

829

1238

1464

1635

1798

1955

6200

832

1242

1468

1640

1804

1961

6250

835

1246

1473

1645

1810

1967

6300

838

1251

1478

1651

1816

1974

6350

841

1255

1483

1656

1822

1980

6400

844

1259

1487

1661

1827

1986

6450

847

1263

1492

1667

1833

1993

6500

849

1267

1497

1672

1839

1999

6550

852

1271

1502

1677

1845

2005

6600

855

1276

1506

1683

1851

2012

6650

858

1280

1511

1688

1857

2018

6700

861

1285

1517

1694

1864

2026

6750

865

1291

1524

1703

1873

2036

6800

869

1297

1532

1711

1882

2046

6850

873

1303

1539

1719

1891

2056

6900

877

1309

1547

1728

1900

2066

6950

881

1315

1554

1736

1909

2076

7000

885

1321

1561

1744

1919

2085

7050

889

1328

1569

1752

1928

2095

7100

893

1334

1576

1761

1937

2105

7150

897

1340

1584

1769

1946

2115

7200

901

1346

1591

1777

1955

2125

7250

905

1352

1599

1786

1964

2135

7300

909

1358

1606

1794

1973

2145

7350

913

1364

1613

1802

1982

2155

7400

917

1370

1621

1810

1991

2165

7450

921

1376

1628

1819

2001

2175

7500

925

1382

1636

1827

2010

2185

7550

929

1389

1643

1835

2019

2194

7600

933

1395

1650

1844

2028

2204

7650

937

1401

1658

1852

2037

2214

7700

941

1407

1665

1860

2046

2224

7750

944

1411

1670

1865

2051

2230

7800

946

1413

1672

1867

2054

2233

7850

948

1416

1674

1870

2057

2236

7900

950

1419

1676

1873

2060

2239

7950

953

1421

1679

1875

2063

2242

8000

955

1424

1681

1878

2065

2245

8050

957

1426

1683

1880

2068

2248

8100

959

1429

1685

1883

2071

2251

8150

961

1432

1688

1885

2074

2254

8200

963

1434

1690

1888

2076

2257

8250

965

1436

1692

1890

2079

2260

8300

967

1439

1694

1892

2082

2263

8350

969

1441

1696

1895

2084

2266

8400

971

1444

1699

1897

2087

2269

8450

973

1446

1701

1899

2089

2271

8500

974

1447

1702

1901

2091

2273

8550

975

1449

1704

1903

2093

2276

8600

976

1450

1705

1905

2096

2278

8650

977

1452

1707

1907

2098

2280

8700

978

1453

1709

1909

2100

2282

8750

979

1455

1710

1911

2102

2284

8800

980

1456

1712

1912

2104

2287

8850

981

1457

1714

1914

2106

2289

8900

982

1459

1715

1916

2108

2291

8950

983

1460

1717

1918

2110

2293

9000

984

1462

1719

1920

2112

2295

9050

985

1463

1720

1922

2114

2298

9100

986

1465

1722

1923

2116

2300

9150

987

1466

1724

1925

2118

2302

9200

991

1471

1730

1932

2125

2310

9250

994

1477

1737

1940

2134

2319

9300

998

1483

1743

1947

2142

2328

9350

1002

1488

1750

1955

2150

2337

9400

1005

1494

1757

1962

2159

2346

9450

1009

1499

1764

1970

2167

2355

9500

1013

1505

1771

1978

2176

2365

9550

1017

1511

1778

1986

2185

2375

9600

1021

1518

1786

1995

2194

2385

9650

1025

1524

1793

2003

2203

2395

9700

1029

1530

1801

2011

2212

2405

9750

1033

1536

1808

2020

2222

2415

9800

1037

1543

1816

2028

2231

2425

9850

1041

1549

1823

2036

2240

2435

9900

1046

1555

1831

2045

2249

2445

9950

1050

1561

1838

2053

2258

2455

10000

1054

1567

1845

2061

2268

2465

10050

1058

1574

1853

2070

2277

2475

10100

1062

1580

1860

2078

2286

2485

10150

1066

1586

1868

2086

2295

2495

10200

1070

1592

1875

2095

2304

2505

10250

1074

1599

1883

2103

2314

2515

10300

1079

1605

1891

2112

2323

2525

10350

1083

1611

1898

2121

2333

2536

10400

1087

1618

1906

2129

2342

2546

10450

1091

1624

1914

2138

2351

2556

10500

1095

1631

1921

2146

2361

2566

10550

1100

1637

1929

2155

2370

2576

10600

1104

1643

1937

2163

2380

2587

10650

1108

1650

1944

2172

2389

2597

10700

1112

1656

1952

2180

2398

2607

10750

1117

1662

1960

2189

2408

2617

10800

1121

1669

1967

2197

2417

2627

10850

1125

1675

1975

2206

2427

2638

10900

1129

1682

1983

2214

2436

2648

10950

1134

1688

1990

2223

2445

2658

11000

1138

1694

1998

2232

2455

2668

11050

1142

1701

2005

2240

2464

2678

11100

1146

1707

2013

2249

2474

2689

11150

1150

1714

2021

2257

2483

2699

11200

1154

1718

2026

2263

2489

2706

11250

1157

1722

2030

2267

2494

2711

11300

1159

1726

2034

2272

2499

2717

11350

1162

1730

2038

2276

2504

2722

11400

1165

1733

2042

2281

2509

2727

11450

1168

1737

2046

2285

2514

2733

11500

1171

1741

2050

2290

2519

2738

11550

1173

1745

2054

2294

2524

2743

11600

1176

1749

2058

2299

2529

2749

11650

1179

1752

2062

2303

2534

2754

11700

1182

1756

2066

2308

2538

2759

11750

1185

1760

2070

2312

2543

2765

11800

1187

1764

2074

2317

2548

2770

11850

1190

1768

2078

2321

2553

2775

11900

1193

1771

2082

2326

2558

2781

11950

1196

1775

2086

2330

2563

2786

12000

1199

1779

2090

2335

2568

2791

12050

1201

1783

2094

2339

2573

2797

12100

1204

1787

2098

2344

2578

2802

12150

1207

1790

2102

2348

2583

2808

12200

1210

1795

2107

2354

2589

2815

12250

1213

1800

2113

2360

2596

2822

12300

1216

1804

2118

2366

2603

2829

12350

1220

1809

2124

2372

2610

2837

12400

1223

1814

2129

2378

2616

2844

12450

1226

1818

2135

2384

2623

2851

12500

1229

1823

2140

2391

2630

2858

12550

1232

1828

2146

2397

2636

2866

12600

1235

1832

2151

2403

2643

2873

12650

1239

1837

2157

2409

2650

2880

12700

1242

1842

2162

2415

2657

2888

12750

1245

1846

2168

2421

2663

2895

12800

1248

1851

2173

2427

2670

2902

12850

1251

1856

2178

2433

2677

2910

12900

1254

1860

2184

2439

2683

2917

12950

1257

1865

2189

2446

2690

2924

13000

1261

1870

2195

2452

2697

2931

13050

1264

1874

2200

2458

2704

2939

13100

1267

1879

2206

2464

2710

2946

13150

1270

1884

2211

2470

2717

2953

13200

1273

1888

2217

2476

2724

2961

13250

1276

1893

2222

2482

2730

2968

13300

1279

1898

2228

2488

2737

2975

13350

1283

1902

2233

2494

2744

2983

13400

1286

1907

2239

2501

2751

2990

13450

1289

1912

2244

2507

2757

2997

13500

1292

1916

2250

2513

2764

3005

13550

1295

1921

2256

2520

2772

3013

13600

1297

1925

2262

2526

2779

3021

13650

1300

1930

2268

2533

2786

3029

13700

1303

1935

2274

2540

2794

3037

13750

1306

1939

2280

2546

2801

3045

13800

1308

1944

2286

2553

2808

3053

13850

1311

1948

2292

2560

2816

3061

13900

1314

1953

2298

2566

2823

3069

13950

1317

1957

2304

2573

2830

3077

14000

1320

1962

2310

2580

2838

3085

14050

1322

1967

2316

2586

2845

3093

14100

1325

1971

2322

2593

2852

3101

14150

1328

1976

2328

2600

2860

3109

14200

1331

1980

2333

2607

2867

3117

14250

1334

1985

2339

2613

2875

3125

14300

1336

1990

2345

2620

2882

3133

14350

1339

1994

2351

2627

2889

3141

14400

1342

1999

2357

2633

2897

3149

14450

1345

2003

2363

2640

2904

3157

14500

1347

2008

2369

2647

2911

3164

14550

1350

2013

2375

2653

2919

3172

14600

1353

2017

2381

2660

2926

3180

14650

1356

2022

2387

2667

2933

3188

14700

1359

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2393

2673

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3196

14750

1361

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2686

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3212

14850

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2040

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2961

3219

14900

1371

2045

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2967

3226

14950

1375

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3232

15000

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15050

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2059

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3246

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1389

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3326

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2500

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1913

2848

3358

3751

4126

4485

29250

1914

2849

3358

3751

4126

4485

29300

1915

2850

3359

3752

4127

4486

29350

1915

2850

3359

3752

4128

4487

29400

1916

2851

3360

3753

4128

4487

29450

1917

2852

3360

3753

4129

4488

29500

1917

2852

3361

3754

4129

4488

29550

1918

2853

3361

3754

4130

4489

29600

1919

2854

3361

3755

4130

4490

29650

1919

2855

3362

3755

4131

4490

29700

1920

2855

3362

3756

4131

4491

29750

1921

2856

3363

3756

4132

4491

29800

1921

2857

3363

3757

4132

4492

29850

1922

2857

3364

3757

4133

4492

29900

1923

2858

3364

3758

4133

4493

29950

1923

2859

3365

3758

4134

4494

30000

1924

2859

3365

3759

4135

4494

30050

1925

2860

3365

3759

4135

4495

30100

1925

2861

3366

3760

4136

4495

30150

1926

2861

3366

3760

4136

4496

30200

1926

2862

3367

3761

4137

4497

30250

1927

2863

3367

3761

4137

4497

30300

1928

2863

3368

3762

4138

4498

30350

1928

2864

3368

3762

4138

4498

30400

1929

2865

3368

3763

4139

4499

30450

1930

2865

3369

3763

4139

4499

30500

1930

2866

3369

3764

4140

4500

30550

1931

2867

3370

3764

4140

4501

30600

1932

2867

3370

3765

4141

4501

30650

1932

2868

3371

3765

4141

4502

30700

1933

2869

3371

3765

4142

4502

30750

1934

2869

3371

3766

4143

4503

30800

1934

2870

3372

3766

4143

4504

30850

1935

2871

3372

3767

4144

4504

30900

1936

2871

3373

3767

4144

4505

30950

1936

2872

3373

3768

4145

4505

31000

1937

2873

3374

3768

4145

4506

31050

1938

2874

3374

3769

4146

4506

31100

1938

2874

3375

3769

4146

4507

31150

1939

2875

3375

3770

4147

4508

31200

1940

2876

3375

3770

4147

4508

31250

1940

2876

3376

3771

4148

4509

31300

1941

2877

3376

3771

4148

4509

31350

1942

2878

3377

3772

4149

4510

31400

1942

2878

3377

3772

4150

4511

31450

1943

2879

3378

3773

4150

4511

31500

1943

2880

3378

3773

4151

4512

31550

1944

2880

3378

3774

4151

4512

31600

1945

2881

3379

3774

4152

4513

31650

1945

2882

3379

3775

4152

4513

31700

1946

2882

3380

3775

4153

4514

31750

1947

2883

3380

3776

4153

4515

31800

1947

2884

3381

3776

4154

4515

31850

1948

2884

3381

3777

4154

4516

31900

1949

2885

3382

3777

4155

4516

31950

1949

2886

3382

3778

4155

4517

32000

1950

2886

3382

3778

4156

4518

32050

1951

2887

3383

3779

4156

4518

32100

1951

2888

3383

3779

4157

4519

32150

1952

2888

3384

3780

4158

4519

32200

1953

2889

3384

3780

4158

4520

32250

1953

2890

3385

3781

4159

4520

32300

1954

2890

3385

3781

4159

4521

32350

1955

2891

3385

3782

4160

4522

32400

1955

2892

3386

3782

4160

4522

32450

1956

2893

3386

3783

4161

4523

32500

1957

2893

3387

3783

4161

4523

32550

1957

2894

3387

3784

4162

4524

32600

1958

2895

3388

3784

4162

4525

32650

1959

2895

3388

3784

4163

4525

32700

1959

2896

3389

3785

4163

4526

32750

1960

2897

3389

3785

4164

4526

32800

1960

2897

3389

3786

4165

4527

32850

1961

2898

3390

3786

4165

4527

32900

1962

2899

3390

3787

4166

4528

32950

1962

2899

3391

3787

4166

4529

33000

1963

2900

3391

3788

4167

4529

33050

1964

2901

3392

3788

4167

4530

33100

1964

2901

3392

3789

4168

4530

33150

1965

2902

3392

3789

4168

4531

33200

1966

2903

3393

3790

4169

4532

33250

1966

2903

3393

3790

4169

4532

33300

1967

2904

3394

3791

4170

4533

33350

1968

2905

3394

3791

4170

4533

33400

1968

2905

3395

3792

4171

4534

33450

1969

2906

3395

3792

4172

4534

33500

1970

2907

3395

3793

4172

4535

33550

1970

2907

3396

3793

4173

4536

33600

1971

2908

3396

3794

4173

4536

33650

1972

2909

3397

3794

4174

4537

33700

1972

2909

3397

3795

4174

4537

33750

1973

2910

3398

3795

4175

4538

33800

1974

2911

3398

3796

4175

4539

33850

1974

2912

3399

3796

4176

4539

33900

1975

2912

3399

3797

4176

4540

33950

1976

2913

3399

3797

4177

4540

34000

1976

2914

3400

3798

4177

4541

34050

1977

2914

3400

3798

4178

4541

34100

1977

2915

3401

3799

4178

4542

34150

1978

2916

3401

3799

4179

4543

34200

1979

2916

3402

3800

4179

4543

34250

1979

2917

3402

3800

4180

4544

34300

1980

2917

3402

3800

4181

4544

34350

1981

2918

3403

3801

4181

4545

34400

1981

2919

3403

3801

4182

4545

34450

1982

2919

3404

3802

4182

4546

34500

1983

2920

3404

3802

4183

4546

34550

1983

2921

3405

3803

4183

4547

34600

1984

2921

3405

3803

4184

4548

34650

1984

2922

3405

3804

4184

4548

34700

1985

2923

3406

3804

4185

4549

34750

1986

2923

3406

3805

4185

4549

34800

1986

2924

3407

3805

4186

4550

34850

1987

2925

3407

3806

4186

4550

34900

1988

2925

3407

3806

4187

4551

34950

1988

2926

3408

3807

4187

4552

35000

1989

2927

3408

3807

4188

4552

For gross monthly incomes above $35,000, add the amount of child support for $35,000 to the following percentages of gross income above $35,000.

ONE

TWO

THREE

FOUR

FIVE

SIX

CHILD

CHILDREN

CHILDREN

CHILDREN

CHILDREN

CHILDREN

2.6%

3.4%

3.8%

4.2%

4.6%

5.0%

C. For purposes of this section, "gross income" means all income from all sources, and shall include, but not be limited to, income from salaries, wages, commissions, royalties, bonuses, dividends, severance pay, pensions, interest, trust income, annuities, capital gains, social security benefits except as listed below, workers' compensation benefits, unemployment insurance benefits, disability insurance benefits, veterans' benefits, spousal support, rental income, gifts, prizes or awards.

If a parent's gross income includes disability insurance benefits, it shall also include any amounts paid to or for the child who is the subject of the order and derived by the child from the parent's entitlement to disability insurance benefits. To the extent that such derivative benefits are included in a parent's gross income, that parent shall be entitled to a credit against his or her ongoing basic child support obligation for any such amounts, and, if the amount of the credit exceeds the parent's basic child support obligations, the credit may be used to reduce arrearages.

Gross income shall be subject to deduction of reasonable business expenses for persons with income from self-employment, a partnership, or a closely held business. "Gross income" shall not include:

  • 1. Benefits from public assistance and social services programs as defined in § 63.2-100;
  • 2. Federal supplemental security income benefits;
  • 3. Child support received; or
  • 4. Income received by the payor from secondary employment income not previously included in "gross income," where the payor obtained the income to discharge a child support arrearage established by a court or administrative order and the payor is paying the arrearage pursuant to the order. "Secondary employment income" includes but is not limited to income from an additional job, from self-employment, or from overtime employment. The cessation of such secondary income upon the payment of the arrearage shall not be the basis for a material change in circumstances upon which a modification of child support may be based.

    For purposes of this subsection:

    • (i) spousal support received shall be included in gross income and spousal support paid shall be deducted from gross income when paid pursuant to an order or written agreementand
    • (ii) one-half of any self-employment tax paid shall be deducted from gross income.

    Where there is an existing court or administrative order or written agreement relating to the child or children of a party to the proceeding, who are not the child or children who are the subject of the present proceeding, then there is a presumption that there shall be deducted from the gross income of the party subject to such order or written agreement, the amount that the party is actually paying for the support of a child or children pursuant to such order or agreement.

    Where a party to the proceeding has a natural or adopted child or children in the party's household or primary physical custody, and the child or children are not the subject of the present proceeding, there is a presumption that there shall be deducted from the gross income of that party the amount as shown on the Schedule of Monthly Basic Child Support Obligations contained in subsection B that represents that party's support obligation based solely on that party's income as being the total income available for the natural or adopted child or children in the party's household or primary physical custody, who are not the subject of the present proceeding. Provided, however, that the existence of a party's financial responsibility for such a child or children shall not of itself constitute a material change in circumstances for modifying a previous order of child support in any modification proceeding. Any adjustment to gross income under this subsection shall not create or reduce a support obligation to an amount which seriously impairs the custodial parent's ability to maintain minimal adequate housing and provide other basic necessities for the child, as determined by the court.

    In cases in which retroactive liability for support is being determined, the court or administrative agency may use the gross monthly income of the parties averaged over the period of retroactivity.

D. Except for good cause shown or the agreement of the parties, in addition to any other child support obligations established pursuant to this section, any child support order shall provide that the parents pay in proportion to their gross incomes, as used for calculating the monthly support obligation, any reasonable and necessary unreimbursed medical or dental expenses. The method of payment of those expenses shall be contained in the support order. Each parent shall pay his respective share of expenses as those expenses are incurred. Any amount paid under this subsection shall not be adjusted by, nor added to, the child support calculated in accordance with subsection G. For the purposes of this section, medical or dental expenses shall include but not be limited to eyeglasses, prescription medication, prosthetics, orthodontics, and mental health or developmental disabilities services, including but not limited to services provided by a social worker, psychologist, psychiatrist, counselor, or therapist.

E. The costs for health care coverage as defined in § 63.2-1900, vision care coverage, and dental care coverage for the child or children who are the subject of the child support order that are being paid by a parent or that parent's spouse shall be added to the basic child support obligation. To determine the cost to be added to the basic child support obligation, the cost per person shall be applied to the child or children who are subject of the child support order. If the per child cost is provided by the insurer, that is the cost per person. Otherwise, to determine the cost per person, the cost of individual coverage for the policy holder shall be subtracted from the total cost of the coverage, and the remaining amount shall be divided by the number of remaining covered persons.

F. Any child-care costs incurred on behalf of the child or children due to employment of the custodial parent shall be added to the basic child support obligation. Child-care costs shall not exceed the amount required to provide quality care from a licensed source. When requested by the noncustodial parent, the court may require the custodial parent to present documentation to verify the costs incurred for child care under this subsection. Where appropriate, the court shall consider the willingness and availability of the noncustodial parent to provide child care personally in determining whether child-care costs are necessary or excessive. Upon the request of either party, and upon a showing of the tax savings a party derives from child-care cost deductions or credits, the court shall factor actual tax consequences into its calculation of the child-care costs to be added to the basic child support obligation.

G.

  • 1. Sole custody support. The sole custody total monthly child support obligation shall be established by adding (i) the monthly basic child support obligation, as determined from the schedule contained in subsection B, (ii) costs for health care coverage to the extent allowable by subsection E, and (iii) work-related child-care costs and taking into consideration all the factors set forth in subsection B of § 20-108.1. The total monthly child support obligation shall be divided between the parents in the same proportion as their monthly gross incomes bear to their monthly combined gross income. The monthly obligation of each parent shall be computed by multiplying each parent's percentage of the parents' monthly combined gross income by the total monthly child support obligation.

    However, the monthly obligation of the noncustodial parent shall be reduced by the cost for health care coverage to the extent allowable by subsection E when paid directly by the noncustodial parent or that parent's spouse. Unreimbursed medical and dental expenses shall be calculated and allocated in accordance with subsection D.

  • 2. Split custody support. In cases involving split custody, the amount of child support to be paid shall be the difference between the amounts owed by each parent as a noncustodial parent, computed in accordance with subdivision 1, with the noncustodial parent owing the larger amount paying the difference to the other parent. Unreimbursed medical and dental expenses shall be calculated and allocated in accordance with subsection D.

    For the purpose of this section and § 20-108.1, split custody shall be limited to those situations where each parent has physical custody of a child or children born of the parents, born of either parent and adopted by the other parent or adopted by both parents. For the purposes of calculating a child support obligation where split custody exists, a separate family unit exists for each parent, and child support for that family unit shall be calculated upon the number of children in that family unit who are born of the parents, born of either parent and adopted by the other parent or adopted by both parents. Where split custody exists, a parent is a custodial parent to the children in that parent's family unit and is a noncustodial parent to the children in the other parent's family unit.

  • 3. Shared custody support.
    • (a) Where a party has custody or visitation of a child or children for more than 90 days of the year, as such days are defined in subdivision G 3 (c), a shared custody child support amount based on the ratio in which the parents share the custody and visitation of any child or children shall be calculated in accordance with this subdivision. The presumptive support to be paid shall be the shared custody support amount, unless a party affirmatively shows that the sole custody support amount calculated as provided in subdivision G 1 is less than the shared custody support amount. If so, the lesser amount shall be the support to be paid. For the purposes of this subsection, the following shall apply:
      • (i) Income share. "Income share" means a parent's percentage of the combined monthly gross income of both parents. The income share of a parent is that parent's gross income divided by the combined gross incomes of the parties.
      • (ii) Custody share. "Custody share" means the number of days that a parent has physical custody, whether by sole custody, joint legal or joint residential custody, or visitation, of a shared child per year divided by the number of days in the year. The actual or anticipated "custody share" of the parent who has or will have fewer days of physical custody shall be calculated for a one-year period. The "custody share" of the other parent shall be presumed to be the number of days in the year less the number of days calculated as the first parent's "custody share." For purposes of this calculation, the year may begin on such date as is determined in the discretion of the court, and the day may begin at such time as is determined in the discretion of the court. For purposes of this calculation, a day shall be as defined in subdivision G 3 (c).
      • (iii) Shared support need. "Shared support need" means the presumptive guideline amount of needed support for the shared child or children calculated pursuant to subsection B of this section, for the combined gross income of the parties and the number of shared children, multiplied by 1.4.
      • (iv) Sole custody support. "Sole custody support" means the support amount determined in accordance with subdivision G 1.
    • (b) Support to be paid. The shared support need of the shared child or children shall be calculated pursuant to subdivision G 3 (a)(iii). This amount shall then be multiplied by the other parent's custody share. To that sum for each parent shall be added the other parent's or that parent's spouse's cost of health care coverage to the extent allowable by subsection E, plus the other parent's work-related child-care costs to the extent allowable by subsection F. This total for each parent shall be multiplied by that parent's income share. The support amounts thereby calculated that each parent owes the other shall be subtracted one from the other and the difference shall be the shared custody support one parent owes to the other, with the payor parent being the one whose shared support is the larger. Unreimbursed medical and dental expenses shall be calculated and allocated in accordance with subsection D.
    • (c) Definition of a day. For the purposes of this section, "day" means a period of 24 hours; however, where the parent who has the fewer number of overnight periods during the year has an overnight period with a child, but has physical custody of the shared child for less than 24 hours during such overnight period, there is a presumption that each parent shall be allocated one-half of a day of custody for that period.
    • (d) Minimum standards. Any calculation under this subdivision shall not create or reduce a support obligation to an amount which seriously impairs the custodial parent's ability to maintain minimal adequate housing and provide other basic necessities for the child. If the gross income of either party is equal to or less than 150 percent of the federal poverty level promulgated by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services from time to time, then the shared custody support calculated pursuant to this subsection shall not be the presumptively correct support and the court may consider whether the sole custody support or the shared custody support is more just and appropriate.
    • (e) Support modification. When there has been an award of child support based on the shared custody formula and one parent consistently fails to exercise custody or visitation in accordance with the parent's custody share upon which the award was based, there shall be a rebuttable presumption that the support award should be modified.
    • (f) In the event that the shared custody support calculation indicates that the net support is to be paid to the parent who would not be the parent receiving support pursuant to the sole custody calculation, then the shared support shall be deemed to be the lesser support.
  • 4. Multiple shared custody support. In cases with different shared custody arrangements for two or more minor children of the parties, the procedures in subdivision G 3 shall apply, except that one shared guideline shall be used to determine the total amount of child support owed by one parent to the other by:
    • (a) Calculating each parent's custody share by adding the total number of days, as defined in subdivision G 3 (c), that each parent has with each child and dividing such total number of days by the number of children of the parties to determine the average number of shared custody days; and
    • (b) Using each parent's custody share as determined in subdivision G 4 (a) for each parent to calculate the child support owed, in accordance with the provisions of subdivision G 3.
  • 5. Sole and shared custody support. In cases where one parent has sole custody of one or more minor children of the parties, and the parties share custody of one or more other minor children of the parties, the procedures in subdivisions G 1 and 3 shall apply, except that one sole custody support guideline calculation and one shared custody support guideline calculation shall be used to determine the total amount of child support owed by one parent to the other by:
    • (a) Calculating the sole custody support obligation by:
      • (i) Calculating the per child monthly basic child support obligation by determining, for the number of children of the parties, the scheduled monthly basic child support obligation and dividing that amount by the number of children of the parties;
      • (ii) Calculating the sole custody pro rata monthly basic child support obligation by multiplying the per child monthly basic child support obligation determined in subdivision G 5 (a) (i) by the number of children subject to the sole custody support obligation; and
      • (iii) Applying the sole custody pro rata monthly basic child support obligation determined in subdivision G 5 (a) (ii) to the procedures in subdivision G 1.
    • (b) Calculating the shared custody child support obligation by:
      • (i) Calculating the per child monthly basic child support obligation by determining, for the number of children of the parties, the scheduled monthly basic child support obligation and dividing that amount by the number of children of the parties;
      • (ii) Calculating the shared custody pro rata monthly basic child support obligation by multiplying the per child monthly basic child support obligation determined in subdivision G 5 (b) (i) by the number of children subject to the shared custody support obligation; and
      • (iii) Applying the shared custody pro rata monthly basic child support obligation determined in subdivision G 5 (b) (ii) to the procedures in subdivision G 3.
    • (c) Determining the total amount of child support owed by one parent to the other. Where one parent owes both the sole custody support obligation and the shared custody support obligation to the other parent, the total of both such obligations calculated pursuant to subdivisions G 5 (a) and G 5 (b) shall be added to determine the total amount of child support owed by one parent to the other. Where one parent owes one such obligation to the other parent, and such other parent owes the other such obligation to the other such parent, the parent owing the greater obligation amount to the other parent shall pay the difference between the obligations to such other parent.
  • 6. Split and shared custody support. In cases where the parents have split custody of two or more children, and there is a shared custody arrangement with one or more other minor children of the parties, the procedures set forth in subdivisions G 2 and G 3 shall apply, except that one split custody child support guideline calculation and one shared custody child support guideline calculation shall be used to calculate the total amount of child support owed by one parent to the other by:
    • (a) Calculating the split custody child support obligation by:
      • (i) Calculating the per child monthly basic child custody support obligation by determining, for the number of children of the parties, the scheduled monthly basic child support obligation and dividing that amount by the number of children of the parties;
      • (ii) Calculating the split custody pro rata monthly basic child support obligation by multiplying the per child monthly basic child support obligation determined in subdivision G 6 (a) (i) by the number of children subject to the split custody support obligation; and
      • (iii) Applying the split custody pro rata monthly basic child support obligation determined in subdivision G 6 (a) (ii) for each parent to the procedures in subdivision G 2.
    • (b) Calculating the shared custody child support obligation by:
      • (i) Calculating the per child monthly basic child custody support obligation by determining, for the number of children of the parties, the scheduled monthly basic child support obligation and dividing that amount by the number of children of the parties;
      • (ii) Calculating the shared custody pro rata monthly basic child custody support obligation by multiplying the per child monthly basic child support obligation determined in subdivision G 6 (b) (i) by the number of children subject to the shared custody support obligation; and
      • (iii) Applying the shared custody pro rata monthly basic child support obligation determined in subdivision G 6 (b) (ii) to the procedures in subdivision G 3.
    • (c) Determining the total amount of child support owed by one parent to the other. Where one parent owes both the split custody support obligation and the shared custody support obligation to the other parent, the total of both such obligations calculated pursuant to subdivisions G 6 (a) and G 6 (b) shall be added to determine the total amount of child support owed by one parent to the other. Where one parent owes one such obligation to the other parent, and such other parent owes the other such obligation to the other such parent, the parent owing the greater obligation amount to the other parent shall pay the difference between the obligations to such other parent.

H. The Secretary of Health and Human Resources shall ensure that the guideline set out in this section is reviewed by October 31, 2001, and every four years thereafter, by the Child Support Guidelines Review Panel, consisting of 15 members comprised of four legislative members and 11 nonlegislative citizen members. Members shall be appointed as follows: three members of the House Committee for Courts of Justice, upon the recommendation of the chairman of such committee, to be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Delegates in accordance with the principles of proportional representation contained in the Rules of the House of Delegates; one member of the Senate Committee for Courts of Justice, upon the recommendation of the chairman of such committee, to be appointed by the Senate Committee on Rules; and one representative of a juvenile and domestic relations district court, one representative of a circuit court, one representative of the Department of Social Services' Division of Child Support Enforcement, three members of the Virginia State Bar, two custodial parents, two noncustodial parents, and one child advocate, upon the recommendation of the Secretary of Health and Human Resources, to be appointed by the Governor. The Panel shall determine the adequacy of the guideline for the determination of appropriate awards for the support of children by considering current research and data on the cost of and expenditures necessary for rearing children, and any other resources it deems relevant to such review. The Panel shall report its findings to the General Assembly as provided in the procedures of the Division of Legislative Automated Systems for the processing of legislative documents and reports before the General Assembly next convenes following such review.

Legislative members shall serve terms coincident with their terms of office. Nonlegislative citizen members shall serve at the pleasure of the Governor. All members may be reappointed. Appointments to fill vacancies, other than by expiration of a term, shall be made for the unexpired terms. Vacancies shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointments.

Legislative members shall receive such compensation as provided in § 30-19.12, and nonlegislative citizen members shall receive such compensation for the performance of their duties as provided in § 2.2-2813. All members shall be reimbursed for all reasonable and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their duties as provided in §§ 2.2-2813 and 2.2-2825. Funding for the costs of compensation and expenses of the members shall be provided by the Department of Social Services.

The Department of Social Services shall provide staff support to the Panel. All agencies of the Commonwealth shall provide assistance to the Panel, upon request.

The chairman of the Panel shall submit to the Governor and the General Assembly a quadrennial executive summary of the interim activity and work of the Panel no later than the first day of 2006 regular session of the General Assembly and every four years thereafter. The executive summary shall be submitted as provided in the procedures of the Division of Legislative Automated Systems for the processing of legislative documents and reports and shall be posted on the General Assembly's website.

Va. Code § 20-108.2

Amended by Acts 2018 No. 191,§ 1, eff. 7/1/2018.

Amended by Acts 2018 No. 110,§ 1, eff. 7/1/2018.

Amended by Acts 2018 No. 22,§ 1, eff. 7/1/2018.

Amended by Acts 2018 No. 21,§ 1, eff. 7/1/2018.

Amended by Acts 2015 No. 510,§ 1, eff. 7/1/2015.

Amended by Acts 2015 No. 510,§ 1, eff. 7/1/2015.

Amended by Acts 2014 No. 667,§ 1, eff. 7/1/2014.

1988, c. 907; 1989, cc. 578, 579, 599; 1991, cc. 545, 588; 1992, cc. 79, 716, 860; 1995, cc. 1, 481; 1996, cc. 491, 947, 1029; 1998, c. 618; 1999, cc. 690, 808, 836; 2000, cc. 219, 305, 376, 384, 461; 2001, cc. 193, 809; 2002, cc. 650, 747; 2003, c. 885; 2004, cc. 907, 1008; 2005, c. 758; 2006, cc. 785, 798; 2008, c. 697; 2009, c. 713; 2010, c. 243.