Current through the 2023 Legislative Session.
Section 366 - Periodic review of status of dependent child(a)(1)The status of every dependent child in foster care shall be reviewed periodically as determined by the court but no less frequently than once every six months, as calculated from the date of the original dispositional hearing, until the hearing described in Section 366.26 is completed. The court shall consider the safety of the child and shall determine all of the following:(A)The continuing necessity for and appropriateness of the placement. If the child or nonminor dependent is placed in a short-term residential therapeutic program on or after October 1, 2021, or placed in a community treatment facility on or after July 1, 2022, the court shall consider the evidence and documentation submitted pursuant to subdivision (l) of Section 366.1 in making this determination.(B)The extent of the agency's compliance with the case plan in making reasonable efforts, or, in the case of a child 16 years of age or older with another planned permanent living arrangement, the ongoing and intensive efforts, to return the child to a safe home and to complete any steps necessary to finalize the permanent placement of the child, including efforts to maintain relationships between a child who is 10 years of age or older and who has been in an out-of-home placement for six months or longer, and individuals other than the child's siblings who are important to the child, consistent with the child's best interests. Where it is known or there is reason to know that the child is an Indian child, as defined by Section 224.1, the court shall also determine whether the agency has made active efforts, as defined in Section 224.1 and as described in Section 361.7, to provide remedial services and rehabilitative programs designed to prevent the breakup of the Indian family.(C)Whether there should be any limitation on the right of the parent, guardian, or Indian custodian to make educational decisions or developmental services decisions for the child. That limitation shall be specifically addressed in the court order and shall not exceed those necessary to protect the child. Whenever the court specifically limits the right of the parent, guardian, or Indian custodian to make educational decisions or developmental services decisions for the child, the court shall at the same time appoint a responsible adult to make educational decisions or developmental services decisions for the child pursuant to Section 361.(D)(i)Whether the child has other siblings under the court's jurisdiction, and, if any siblings exist, all of the following:(I)The nature of the relationship between the child and the child's siblings.(II)The appropriateness of developing or maintaining the sibling relationships pursuant to Section 16002.(III)If the siblings are not placed together in the same home, why the siblings are not placed together and what efforts are being made to place the siblings together, or why those efforts are not appropriate.(IV)If the siblings are not placed together, all of the following:(ia)The frequency and nature of the visits between the siblings.(ib)If there are visits between the siblings, whether the visits are supervised or unsupervised. If the visits are supervised, a discussion of the reasons why the visits are supervised, and what needs to be accomplished in order for the visits to be unsupervised.(ic)If there are visits between the siblings, a description of the location and length of the visits.(id)Any plan to increase visitation between the siblings.(V)The impact of the sibling relationships on the child's placement and planning for legal permanence.(VI)The continuing need to suspend sibling interaction, if applicable, pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 16002.(ii)The factors the court may consider in making a determination regarding the nature of the child's sibling relationships may include, but are not limited to, whether the siblings were raised together in the same home, whether the siblings have shared significant common experiences or have existing close and strong bonds, whether either sibling expresses a desire to visit or live with their sibling, as applicable, and whether ongoing contact is in the child's best emotional interests.(E)The extent of progress that has been made toward alleviating or mitigating the causes necessitating placement in foster care.(F)(i)For a child who is 10 years of age or older, is in junior high, middle, or high school, and has been under the jurisdiction of the juvenile court for a year or longer, or a nonminor dependent, whether the social worker or probation officer has verified that the child or nonminor dependent has received comprehensive sexual health education that meets the requirements of Chapter 5.6 (commencing with Section 51930) of Part 28 of Division 4 of Title 2 of the Education Code through the school system or has ensured that the child will receive the instruction.(ii)For a child or nonminor dependent described in clause (i), whether the social worker or probation officer has done all of the following:(I)Informed the child or nonminor dependent that they may access age-appropriate, medically accurate information about reproductive and sexual health care, including, but not limited to, unplanned pregnancy prevention, abstinence, use of birth control, abortion, and the prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted infections.(II)Informed the child or nonminor dependent, in an age and developmentally appropriate manner, of the child's right to consent to sexual and reproductive health services and the child's confidentiality rights regarding those services.(III)Informed the child or nonminor dependent how to access reproductive and sexual health care services and facilitated access to that care, including by assisting with any identified barriers to care, as needed.(iii)This subparagraph does not affect any applicable confidentiality law.(iv)On or before January 1, 2023, the Judicial Council shall amend and adopt rules of court and develop appropriate forms for the implementation of this subparagraph.(G)(i)For a child who is 16 years of age or older or for a nonminor dependent, whether the social worker or probation officer has, pursuant to the requirements of paragraph (22) of subdivision (g) of Section 16501.1, identified the person or persons who shall be responsible for assisting the child or nonminor dependent with applications for postsecondary education and related financial aid, or that the child or nonminor dependent stated that they do not want to pursue postsecondary education, including career or technical education.(ii)On or before January 1, 2023, the Judicial Council shall amend and adopt rules of court and develop appropriate forms for the implementation of this subparagraph.(H)If the review hearing is the last review hearing to be held before the child attains 18 years of age, the court shall conduct the hearing pursuant to Section 366.31 or 366.32.(2)The court shall project a likely date by which the child may be returned to and safely maintained in the home or placed for adoption, tribal customary adoption in the case of an Indian child, legal guardianship, placed with a fit and willing relative, or in another planned permanent living arrangement.(b)Subsequent to the hearing, periodic reviews of each child in foster care shall be conducted pursuant to the requirements of Sections 366.3 and 16503.(c)If the child has been placed out of state, each review described in subdivision (a) and any reviews conducted pursuant to Sections 366.3 and 16503 shall also address whether the out-of-state placement continues to be the most appropriate placement selection and in the best interests of the child.(d)(1)A review described in subdivision (a) and any reviews conducted pursuant to Sections 366.3 and 16503 shall not result in a placement of a child outside the United States prior to a judicial finding that the placement is in the best interest of the child, except as required by federal law or treaty. (2)The party or agency requesting placement of the child outside the United States shall carry the burden of proof and must show, by clear and convincing evidence, that a placement outside the United States is in the best interest of the child.(3)In determining the best interest of the child, the court shall consider, but not be limited to, the following factors:(A)Placement with a relative.(B)Placement of siblings in the same home.(C)Amount and nature of any contact between the child and the potential guardian or caretaker.(D)Physical and medical needs of the dependent child.(E)Psychological and emotional needs of the dependent child.(F)Social, cultural, and educational needs of the dependent child.(G)Specific desires of any dependent child who is 12 years of age or older.(4)If the court finds that a placement outside the United States is, by clear and convincing evidence, in the best interest of the child, the court may issue an order authorizing the social worker or placing agency to make a placement outside the United States. A child subject to this subdivision shall not leave the United States prior to the issuance of the order described in this paragraph.(5)For purposes of this subdivision, "outside the United States" shall not include the lands of any federally recognized American Indian tribe or Alaskan Natives.(6)This section shall not apply to the placement of a dependent child with a parent.(e)(1)On and after July 1, 2021, a child shall not be placed or remain in an out-of-state residential facility, as defined in subdivision (b) of Section 7910 of the Family Code, unless the placement is ordered or approved pursuant to Section 361.21.(2)Notwithstanding any other law, on and after July 1, 2022, a child shall not be placed by a county child welfare agency in an out-of-state residential facility, as defined in subdivision (b) of Section 7910 of the Family Code, except for placements described in subdivision (h) of Section 7911.1 of the Family Code.(3)Notwithstanding any other law, a child who is placed in an out-of-state residential facility by a county child welfare agency shall not remain in an out-of-state residential facility, as defined in subdivision (b) of Section 7910 of the Family Code, after January 1, 2023.(f)The status review of every nonminor dependent, as defined in subdivision (v) of Section 11400, shall be conducted pursuant to the requirements of Sections 366.3, 366.31, or 366.32, and 16503 until dependency jurisdiction is terminated pursuant to Section 391.
Ca. Welf. and Inst. Code § 366Amended by Stats 2022 ch 50 (SB 187),s 19, eff. 6/30/2022.Amended by Stats 2021 ch 86 (AB 153),s 21, eff. 7/16/2021.Amended by Stats 2018 ch 833 (AB 3176),s 31, eff. 1/1/2019.Amended by Stats 2015 ch 425 (SB 794),s 9, eff. 1/1/2016.Amended by Stats 2014 ch 773 (SB 1099),s 4, eff. 1/1/2015.Amended by Stats 2012 ch 846 (AB 1712),s 18.5, eff. 1/1/2013.Amended by Stats 2012 ch 144 (AB 2209),s 2, eff. 1/1/2013.Amended by Stats 2010 ch 559 (AB 12),s 15, eff. 1/1/2011.Amended by Stats 2006 ch 838 (SB 678),s 51, eff. 1/1/2007.Amended by Stats 2005 ch 640 (AB 1412),s 2, eff. 1/1/2006Amended by Stats 2004 ch 810 (AB 2807),s 1, eff. 1/1/2005Amended by Stats 2003 ch 813 (AB 408),s 3, eff. 1/1/2004.Amended by Stats 2002 ch 785 (SB 1677),s 3, eff. 1/1/2003.Amended by Stats 2001 ch 111 (AB 429), s 25, eff. 7/28/2001.Amended by Stats 2001 ch 653 (AB 1695), s 12.3, eff. 10/9/2001.Amended by Stats 2000 ch 909 (AB 1987), s 4, eff. 1/1/2001.Previously Amended October 10, 1999 (Bill Number: SB 1270) (Chapter 887). See Stats 2002 ch 785 (SB 1677), s 9.