N.C. R. App. P. 9

As amended through August 25, 2021
Rule 9 - The Record on Appeal
(a)Function; Notice in Cases Involving Juveniles; Composition of Record. In appeals from the trial division of the General Court of Justice, review is solely upon the record on appeal, the transcript of proceedings, if one is designated, and any other items filed pursuant to this Rule 9. Parties may cite any of these items in their briefs and arguments before the appellate courts.
(1)Composition of the Record in Civil Actions and Special Proceedings. The record on appeal in civil actions and special proceedings shall contain:
a. an index of the contents of the record, which shall appear as the first page thereof;
b. a statement identifying the judge from whose judgment or order appeal is taken, the session at which the judgment or order was rendered, or if rendered out of session, the time and place of rendition, and the party appealing;
c. a copy of the summons with return, or of other papers showing jurisdiction of the trial court over persons or property, or a statement showing same;
d. copies of the pleadings, and of any pretrial order on which the case or any part thereof was tried;
e. so much of the litigation, set out in the form provided in Rule 9(c)(1), as is necessary for an understanding of all issues presented on appeal, or a statement specifying that the transcript of proceedings is being filed with the record pursuant to Rule 9(c)(2), or designating portions of the transcript to be so filed;
f. where an issue presented on appeal relates to the giving or omission of instructions to the jury, a transcript of the entire charge given; and identification of the omitted instruction by setting out the requested instruction or its substance in the record on appeal immediately following the instruction given;
g. copies of the issues submitted and the verdict, or of the trial court's findings of fact and conclusions of law;
h. a copy of the judgment, order, or other determination from which appeal is taken;
i. a copy of the notice of appeal, of all orders establishing time limits relative to the perfecting of the appeal, of any order finding a party to the appeal to be a civil pauper, and of any agreement, notice of approval, or order settling the record on appeal and settling the transcript of proceedings if one is filed pursuant to Rule 9(c)(2) and (3);
j. copies of all other papers filed and statements of all other proceedings had in the trial court which are necessary to an understanding of all issues presented on appeal unless they appear in the transcript of proceedings which is being filed with the record pursuant to Rule 9(c)(2);
k. proposed issues on appeal set out in the manner provided in Rule 10;
l. a statement, where appropriate, that the record of proceedings was made with an electronic recording device;
m. a statement, where appropriate, that a supplement compiled pursuant to Rule 11(c) is filed with the record on appeal; and
n. any order (issued prior to the filing of the record on appeal) ruling upon a motion by an attorney who is not licensed to practice law in North Carolina to be admitted pursuant to N.C.G.S. § 84-4.1 to appear in the appeal. In the event such a motion is filed prior to the filing of the record but has not yet been ruled upon when the record is filed, the record shall include a statement that such a motion is pending and the date that motion was filed.
(2)Composition of the Record in Appeals from Superior Court Review of Administrative Boards and Agencies. The record on appeal in cases of appeal from judgments of the superior court rendered upon review of the proceedings of administrative boards or agencies, other than those specified in Rule 18(a), shall contain:
a. an index of the contents of the record, which shall appear as the first page thereof;
b. a statement identifying the judge from whose judgment or order appeal is taken, the session at which the judgment or order was rendered, or if rendered out of session, the time and place of rendition, and the party appealing;
c. a copy of the summons, notice of hearing, or other papers showing jurisdiction of the board or agency over persons or property sought to be bound in the proceeding, or a statement showing same;
d. copies of all petitions and other pleadings filed in the superior court;
e. copies of all items properly before the superior court as are necessary for an understanding of all issues presented on appeal;
f. so much of the litigation in the superior court, set out in the form provided in Rule 9(c)(1), as is necessary for an understanding of all issues presented, or a statement specifying that the transcript of proceedings is being filed with the record pursuant to Rule 9(c)(2), or designating portions of the transcript to be so filed;
g. a copy of any findings of fact and conclusions of law and of the judgment, order, or other determination of the superior court from which appeal is taken;
h. a copy of the notice of appeal from the superior court, of all orders establishing time limits relative to the perfecting of the appeal, of any order finding a party to the appeal to be a civil pauper, and of any agreement, notice of approval, or order settling the record on appeal and settling the transcript of proceedings, if one is filed pursuant to Rule 9(c)(2) and (3);
i. proposed issues on appeal relating to the actions of the superior court, set out in the manner provided in Rule 10; and
j. any order (issued prior to the filing of the record on appeal) ruling upon any motion by an attorney who is not licensed to practice law in North Carolina to be admitted pursuant to N.C.G.S. § 84-4.1 to appear in the appeal. In the event such a motion is filed prior to the filing of the record but has not yet been ruled upon when the record is filed, the record shall include a statement that such a motion is pending and the date that motion was filed.
(3)Composition of the Record in Criminal Actions. The record on appeal in criminal actions shall contain:
a. an index of the contents of the record, which shall appear as the first page thereof;
b. a statement identifying the judge from whose judgment or order appeal is taken, the session at which the judgment or order was rendered, or if rendered out of session, the time and place of rendition, and the party appealing;
c. copies of all warrants, informations, presentments, and indictments upon which the case has been tried in any court;
d. copies of docket entries or a statement showing all arraignments and pleas;
e. so much of the litigation, set out in the form provided in Rule 9(c)(1), as is necessary for an understanding of all issues presented on appeal, or a statement specifying that the entire transcript of the proceedings is being filed with the record pursuant to Rule 9(c)(2), or designating portions of the transcript to be so filed;
f. where an issue presented on appeal relates to the giving or omission of instructions to the jury, a transcript of the entire charge given; and identification of the omitted instruction by setting out the requested instruction or its substance in the record on appeal immediately following the instruction given;
g. copies of the verdict and of the judgment, order, or other determination from which appeal is taken; and in capitally tried cases, a copy of the jury verdict sheet for sentencing, showing the aggravating and mitigating circumstances submitted and found or not found;
h. a copy of the notice of appeal or an appropriate entry or statement showing appeal taken orally; of all orders establishing time limits relative to the perfecting of the appeal; of any order finding defendant indigent for the purposes of the appeal and assigning counsel; and of any agreement, notice of approval, or order settling the record on appeal and settling the transcript of proceedings, if one is to be filed pursuant to Rule 9(c)(2);
i. copies of all other papers filed and statements of all other proceedings had in the trial courts which are necessary for an understanding of all issues presented on appeal, unless they appear in the transcript of proceedings which is being filed with the record pursuant to Rule 9(c)(2);
j. proposed issues on appeal set out in the manner provided in Rule 10;
k. a statement, where appropriate, that the record of proceedings was made with an electronic recording device;
l. a statement, where appropriate, that a supplement compiled pursuant to Rule 11(c) is filed with the record on appeal; and
m. any order (issued prior to the filing of the record on appeal) ruling upon any motion by an attorney who is not licensed to practice law in North Carolina to be admitted pursuant to N.C.G.S. § 84-4.1 to appear in the appeal. In the event such a motion is filed prior to the filing of the record but has not yet been ruled upon when the record is filed, the record shall include a statement that such a motion is pending and the date that motion was filed.
(b)Form of Record; Amendments. The record on appeal shall be in the format prescribed by Rule 26(g) and the appendixes to these rules.
(1)Order of Arrangement. The items constituting the record on appeal should be arranged, so far as practicable, in the order in which they occurred or were filed in the trial tribunal.
(2)Inclusion of Unnecessary Matter; Penalty. It shall be the duty of counsel for all parties to an appeal to avoid including in the record on appeal matter not necessary for an understanding of the issues presented on appeal. The cost of including such matter may be charged as costs to the party or counsel who caused or permitted its inclusion.
(3)Filing Dates and Signatures on Papers. Every pleading, motion, affidavit, or other paper included in the record on appeal shall show the date on which it was filed and, if verified, the date of verification and the person who verified it. Every judgment, order, or other determination shall show the date on which it was entered. The typed or printed name of the person signing a paper shall be entered immediately below the signature.
(4)Pagination; Counsel Identified. The pages of the printed record on appeal shall be numbered consecutively, be referred to as "record pages," and be cited as "(R p ___)." Pages of the Rule 11(c) or Rule 18(d)(3) supplement to the record on appeal shall be numbered consecutively with the pages of the record on appeal, the first page of the record supplement to bear the next consecutive number following the number of the last page of the printed record on appeal. These pages shall be referred to as "record supplement pages" and be cited as "(R S p ___)." Pages of the transcript of proceedings filed under Rule 9(c)(2) shall be referred to as "transcript pages" and be cited as "(T p ___)." At the end of the record on appeal shall appear the names, office addresses, telephone numbers, State Bar numbers, and e-mail addresses of counsel of record for all parties to the appeal.
(5)Additions and Amendments to Record on Appeal.
a.Additional Materials in the Record on Appeal. If the record on appeal as settled is insufficient to respond to the issues presented in an appellant's brief or the issues presented in an appellee's brief pursuant to Rule 10(c), the responding party may supplement the record on appeal with any items that could otherwise have been included pursuant to this Rule 9. The responding party shall serve a copy of those items on opposing counsel and shall file the items in a volume captioned "Rule 9(b)(5) Supplement to the Printed Record on Appeal." The supplement shall be filed no later than the responsive brief or within the time allowed for filing such a brief if none is filed.
b.Motions Pertaining to Additions to the Record. On motion of any party or on its own initiative, the appellate court may order additional portions of a trial court record or transcript sent up and added to the record on appeal. On motion of any party, the appellate court may order any portion of the record on appeal or transcript amended to correct error shown as to form or content. Prior to the filing of the record on appeal in the appellate court, such motions may be filed by any party in the trial court.
(c)Presentation of Testimonial Evidence and Other Proceedings. Testimonial evidence, voir dire, statements and events at evidentiary and non-evidentiary hearings, and other trial proceedings necessary to be presented for review by the appellate court may be included either in the record on appeal in the form specified in Rule 9(c)(1) or by designating the transcript of proceedings of the trial tribunal as provided in Rule 9(c)(2) and (3). When an issue presented on appeal relates to the giving or omission of instructions to the jury, a transcript of the entire charge given shall be included in the record on appeal.
(1)When Testimonial Evidence, Voir Dire, Statements and Events at Evidentiary and Non-Evidentiary Hearings, and Other Trial Proceedings Narrated-How Set Out in Record. When an issue is presented on appeal with respect to the admission or exclusion of evidence, the question and answer form shall be utilized in setting out the pertinent questions and answers. Other testimonial evidence, voir dire, statements and events at evidentiary and non-evidentiary hearings, and other trial proceedings required by Rule 9(a) to be included in the record on appeal shall be set out in narrative form except where such form might not fairly reflect the true sense of the evidence received, in which case it may be set out in question and answer form. Parties shall use that form or combination of forms best calculated under the circumstances to present the true sense of the required testimonial evidence concisely and at a minimum of expense to the litigants. Parties may object to particular narration on the basis that it does not accurately reflect the true sense of testimony received, statements made, or events that occurred; or to particular questions and answers on the basis that the testimony might with no substantial loss in accuracy be summarized in narrative form at substantially less expense. When a judge or referee is required to settle the record on appeal under Rule 11(c) and there is dispute as to the form, the judge or referee shall settle the form in the course of settling the record on appeal.
(2)Designation that Transcript of Proceedings in Trial Tribunal Will Be Used. Appellant may designate in the record on appeal that the testimonial evidence will be presented in the transcript of the evidence of the trial tribunal in lieu of narrating the evidence and other trial proceedings as permitted by Rule 9(c)(1). When a transcript of those proceedings has been made, appellant may also designate that the transcript will be used to present voir dire, statements and events at evidentiary and non-evidentiary hearings, or other trial proceedings when those proceedings are the basis for one or more issues presented on appeal. Any such designation shall refer to the page numbers of the transcript being designated. Appellant need not designate all of the transcript that has been made, provided that when the transcript is designated to show the testimonial evidence, so much of the testimonial evidence must be designated as is necessary for an understanding of all issues presented on appeal. When appellant has narrated the evidence and other trial proceedings under Rule 9(c)(1), the appellee may designate the transcript as a proposed alternative record on appeal.
(3)Transcript of Proceedings-Settlement, Filing, Notice, Briefs. Whenever a transcript is designated to be used pursuant to Rule 9(c)(2):
a. it shall be settled, together with the record on appeal, according to the procedures established by Rule 11;
b. appellant shall cause the transcript to be filed pursuant to Rule 7 with the clerk of the appellate court in which the appeal has been docketed;
c. in criminal appeals, upon settlement of the record on appeal, the district attorney shall notify the Attorney General of North Carolina that the record on appeal and transcript have been settled; and
d. the briefs of the parties must comport with the requirements of Rule 28 regarding complete statement of the facts of the case and regarding appendixes to the briefs.
(4)Presentation of Discovery Materials. Discovery materials offered into evidence at trial shall be brought forward, if relevant, as other evidence. In all instances in which discovery materials are considered by the trial tribunal, other than as evidence offered at trial, the following procedures for presenting those materials to the appellate court shall be used: Depositions shall be treated as testimonial evidence and shall be presented by narration or by transcript of the deposition in the manner prescribed by this Rule 9(c). Other discovery materials, including interrogatories and answers, requests for admission, responses to requests, motions to produce, and the like, pertinent to issues presented on appeal, may be set out in the record on appeal or may be sent up as documentary exhibits in accordance with Rule 9(d)(2).
(5)Electronic Recordings. When a narrative or transcript has been produced from an electronic recording, the parties shall not file a copy of the electronic recording with the appellate division except at the direction or with the approval of the appellate court.
(d)Exhibits. Any exhibit filed, served, submitted for consideration, admitted, or made the subject of an offer of proof may be made a part of the record on appeal if a party believes that its inclusion is necessary to understand an issue on appeal.
(1)Documentary Exhibits Included in the Printed Record on Appeal A party may include a documentary exhibit in the printed record on appeal if it is of a size and nature to make inclusion possible without impairing the legibility or original significance of the exhibit.
(2)Exhibits Not Included in the Printed Record on Appeal. A documentary exhibit that is not included in the printed record on appeal can be made a part of the record on appeal by filing a copy of the exhibit with the clerk of the appellate court. The copy shall be paginated. If multiple exhibits are filed, an index must be included in the filing. A copy that impairs the legibility or original significance of the exhibit may not be filed. An exhibit that is a tangible object or is an exhibit that cannot be copied without impairing its legibility or original significance can be made a part of the record on appeal by having it delivered by the clerk of superior court to the clerk of the appellate court. When a party files a written request with the clerk of superior court that the exhibit be delivered to the appellate court, the clerk must promptly have the exhibit delivered to the appellate court in a manner that ensures its security and availability for use in further trial proceedings. The party requesting delivery of the exhibit to the appellate court shall not be required to move in the appellate court for delivery of the exhibit.
(3) [Reserved]
(4)Removal of Exhibits from Appellate Court. All models, diagrams, and exhibits of material placed in the custody of the clerk of the appellate court must be taken away by the parties within ninety days after the mandate of the Court has issued or the case has otherwise been closed by withdrawal, dismissal, or other order of the Court, unless notified otherwise by the clerk. When this is not done, the clerk shall notify counsel to remove the articles forthwith; and if they are not removed within a reasonable time after such notice, the clerk shall destroy them, or make such other disposition of them as to the clerk may seem best.

N.C. R. App. P. 9

287 N.C. 671; 303 N.C. 715; 304 N.C. 737; 312 N.C. 803; 368 N.C. 1067; 324 N.C. 585; 324 N.C. 613; 327 N.C. 671; 345 N.C. 765; 347 N.C. 679; 354 N.C. 598; 354 N.C. 609; 358 N.C. 831; 361 N.C. 732; 363 N.C. 901; 365 N.C. 583; 369 N.C. 763; 371 N.C. 974; Order Dated 17 November 2020.

Amended August 26, 2020; amended November 17, 2020, effective January 1, 2021; amended January 14, 2021.