(A) Relief Obtainable. While a matter is pending in the Supreme Court, the Court may, at any time, in addition to its general powers
(1) exercise any or all of the powers of amendment of the lower court or tribunal;
(2) on reasonable notice as it may require, allow substitution of parties by reason of marriage, death, bankruptcy, assignment, or any other cause; allow new parties to be added or parties to be dropped; or allow parties to be rearranged as appellants or appellees;
(3) permit the reasons or grounds of appeal to be amended or new grounds to be added;
(4) permit the transcript or record to be amended by correcting errors or adding matters that should have been included;
(5) adjourn the case until further evidence is taken and brought before it;
(6) draw inferences of fact;
(7) enter any judgment or order that ought to have been entered, and enter other and further orders and grant relief as the case may require; or
(8) if a judgment notwithstanding the verdict is set aside on appeal, grant a new trial or other relief; or
(9) order an appeal submitted to mediation. The mediator shall file a status report with this Court within the time specified in the order. If mediation results in full or partial settlement of the case, the parties shall file, within 21 days after the filing of the notice by the mediator, a stipulation to dismiss (in full or in part) with this Court pursuant to MCR.
(B) Allowing Act After Expiration of Time. When, under the practice relating to appeals or stay of proceedings, a nonjurisdictional act is required to be done within a designated time, the Court may at any time, on motion and notice, permit it to be done after the expiration of the period on a showing that there was good cause for the delay or that it was not due to the culpable negligence of the party or attorney. The Court will not accept for filing a motion to file a late application for leave to appeal under MCR, a late application for leave to cross-appeal under MCR , a late motion for rehearing under MCR , or a late motion for reconsideration under MCR .
(C) Vexatious Proceedings; Vexatious Litigator.
(1) The Court may, on its own initiative or the motion of any party filed before a case is placed on a session calendar, dismiss an appeal, assess actual and punitive damages, or take other disciplinary action when it determines that an appeal or original proceeding was vexatious because
(a) the matter was filed for purposes of hindrance or delay or is not reasonably well-grounded in fact or warranted by existing law or a good-faith argument for the extension, modification, or reversal of existing law
(b) a pleading, motion, argument, brief, document, or record filed in the case or any testimony presented in the case was grossly lacking in the requirements of propriety, violated court rules, or grossly disregarded the requirements of a fair presentation of the issues to the Court.
(2) Damages may not exceed actual damages and expenses incurred by the opposing party because of the vexatious appeal or proceeding, including reasonable attorney fees, and punitive damages in an added amount not exceeding the actual damages. The Court may remand the case to the trial court or tribunal for a determination of actual damages.
(3) Vexatious Litigator. If a party habitually, persistently, and without reasonable cause engages in vexatious conduct under subrule (C)(1), the Court may, on its own initiative or on motion of another party, find the party to be a vexatious litigator and impose filing restrictions on the party. The restrictions may include prohibiting the party from continuing or instituting legal proceedings in the Court without first obtaining leave, prohibiting the filing of actions in the Court without the filing fee or security for costs required by MCR 7.209 or MCR 7.319, or other restriction the Court deems just.
Mich. Ct. R. 7.316
Adopted May 27, 2015, effective September 1, 2015; May 31, 2017, effective September 1, 2017; amended September 27, 2017, effective January 1, 2018.