Md. R. Evid. 5-404
This Rule is derived from F.R.Ev. 404.
HISTORICAL AND STATUTORY NOTES
The October 20, 2010, order rewrote this rule, which previously read:
"(a) Character Evidence Generally.
"(1) In General. Evidence of a person's character or a trait of character is not admissible for the purpose of proving action in conformity therewith on a particular occasion, except:
"(A) Character of Accused. Evidence of a pertinent trait of character of an accused offered by the accused, or by the prosecution to rebut the same;
"(B) Character of Victim. Evidence of a pertinent trait of character of the victim of the crime offered by an accused or by the prosecution to rebut the same, or evidence of a character trait of peacefulness of the victim offered by the prosecution in a homicide case to rebut evidence that the victim was the first aggressor;
"(C) Character of Witness. Evidence of the character of a witness with regard to credibility, as provided in Rules, , and .
"(2) Definitions. For purposes of subsections (a)(1)(A) and (B) of this Rule, "accused means a defendant in a criminal case and a child alleged to be delinquent in an action in juvenile court, and for purposes of subsection (a)(1)(B), "crime includes a delinquent act as defined by Code, Courts Article, § 3-801.
"(b) Other Crimes, Wrongs, or Acts. Evidence of other crimes, wrongs, or acts is not admissible to prove the character of a person in order to show action in conformity therewith. It may, however, be admissible for other purposes, such as proof of motive, opportunity, intent, preparation, common scheme or plan, knowledge, identity, or absence of mistake or accident.
"Source: This Rule is derived from F.R.Ev. 404.
The November 1, 2012, order corrected a certain term and an obsolete statutory reference in (b).
The May 15, 2019 order added a reference to Rule 5-413.