FL. R. Crim. P. 3.172
1977 Adoption. New in Florida. In view of the supreme court's emphasis on the importance of this procedure as set forth in Williams v. State, 316 So. 2d 267 (Fla. 1975), the committee felt it appropriate to expand the language of former rule(deleted) and establish a separate rule. Incorporates Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure and allows for pleas of convenience as provided in North Carolina v. Alford, 400 U.S. 25, 91 S.Ct. 160, 27 L.Ed.2d 162 (1970).
(a), (b) Mandatory record of voluntariness and factual predicate is proper responsibility of counsel as well as the court.
(c)(iv) This waiver of right to appeal is a change from the proposed amendments to the rules of criminal procedure now pending. A sentence if lawful is not subject to appellate review; a judgment, however, is. The committee was of the opinion that the proposed rule should be expanded to include a waiver of appeal from the judgment as well as the sentence. Waivers of appeal have been approved. United States ex rel. Amuso v. LaValle, 291 F.Supp. 383 (E.D.N.Y. 1968 ), aff'd 427 F.2d 328 (2d Cir. 1970); State v. Gibson, 68 N.J. 499, 348 A.2d 769 (1975); People v. Williams, 36 N.Y.2d 829, 370 N.Y.S.2d 904, 331 N.E.2d 684 (1975).
(vii) Requires the court to explain the plea agreement to the defendant, including conditions subsequent such as conditions of probation.
(e) Provides a readily available record (either oral or by use of standard forms) in all cases where a felony is charged.
(h) Rewording of federal rule 11(e)(6).
2005 Amendment. Rule 3.172(c)(9) added. See section 394.910, et seq., Fla. Stat.; and State v. Harris, 881 So. 2d 1079 (Fla. 2004).
2015 Amendment. In view of the holdings in Padilla v. Kentucky, 559 U.S. 356, 130 S. Ct. 1473 (2010), and Hernandez v. State, 124 So. 3d 757 (Fla. 2012), the Committee felt it appropriate to expand the requirements in subdivision (c)(8).