(a) Definitions. (1) "Panel" means the Panel on Consolidated Multidistrict Litigation. The Panel shall consist of not less than three nor more than seven district judges designated from time to time by the Chief Justice, no two of whom shall be from the same judicial district. One of the judges shall be appointed as Chairman by the Chief Justice. The Panel may sit in departments of three or more, as designated by the Chairman of the Panel. The concurrence of a majority of the members sitting in department shall be necessary to any action by the Panel, except that the chair may approve stipulations and recommend consolidation or order dismissal consistent with those stipulations, may rule on motions of a procedural nature, and may deny consolidation when it appears from the face of the motion that the panel does not have jurisdiction to recommend consolidation.(2) "Clerk" means the Clerk of the Panel. The Clerk of the Colorado Supreme Court shall be the Clerk of the Panel.(b) Transfer. When actions involving a common question of law or fact are pending in different judicial districts, such actions may be transferred to any judge for hearing or trial of any or all of the matters in issue in any action, provided however, (1) any jury trial shall be held in the place prescribed by Rule 98 C.R.C.P.; and (2) such actions shall be consolidated only as permitted by Rule 42 C.R.C.P.(c) Initiation of Proceedings. Proceedings for the transfer of an action under this rule may be initiated by:(1) The Panel upon its own initiative or upon the request of any court; or(2) Upon a motion filed with the Panel by a party in any action in which transfer under this rule may be appropriate, which motion shall not be entertained unless filed more than 91 days (13 weeks) next preceding any trial date set in the affected actions, unless a showing of good cause is made. A copy of such motion shall be filed in the district court in which the moving party's action is pending.(d) Order to Show Cause; Hearing; Response. When the transfer of multidistrict litigation is being considered, an order shall be entered by the Panel directing the parties in each action to show cause why the action or actions should not be transferred. A hearing shall be set at the time the show cause order is entered. Any party may file a response to the show cause order and an accompanying brief within 14 days after the order is entered, unless otherwise provided in the order. Within 7 days of receipt of a party's response or brief, any party may file a reply brief limited to new matters.(1) Except by permission of the Panel, briefs shall not exceed five (5) pages, exclusive of appendices. An original and seven (7) copies of each brief shall be filed with the Clerk of the Panel.(2) Each side shall be allowed fifteen (15) minutes of oral argument at the hearing, unless extended by the Panel.(e) Pending Motion or Order to Show Cause; No Effect. The pendency of a motion or order to show cause before the Panel concerning the transfer of an action pursuant to this rule shall not affect or suspend proceedings and orders in the district court and does not limit the jurisdiction of that court.(f) Orders of Panel. The Panel may enter such orders as are appropriate including but not limited to staying proceedings in all actions until a determination is made whether the actions should be transferred under the rule and setting any matter for hearing.(g) Standards Governing Transfer. Transfer of civil actions sharing a common question of law or fact is appropriate if one judge hearing all of the actions will promote the ends of justice and the just and efficient conduct of such actions. The factors to be considered shall include, but shall not be limited to, the following: (1) whether the common question of fact or law is predominating and significant to the litigation; (2) the convenience of the parties, witnesses and counsel; (3) the relative development of the action and the work product of counsel; (4) the efficient utilization of judicial facilities and manpower; (5) the calendar of the courts; (6) the disadvantages of duplicative and inconsistent rulings, orders or judgments; and (7) the likelihood of settlement of the actions without further litigation should transfer be denied.(h) Certification to Chief Justice. Upon the determination by the Panel that the actions should be transferred under this rule, the Panel shall certify the actions to the Chief Justice and recommend the assignment of a specific judge to hear the actions.(i) Appellate Review; Assignment of Judge. No proceedings for review of any certification order or other order entered by the Panel shall be permitted except as permitted by Rule 21 C.A.R. If no original proceedings are commenced in the Supreme Court or a show cause order is not issued by the Supreme Court within 21 days after entry of the certification order by the Panel, the Chief Justice shall assign the actions to a judge.(j) Other Cases; Transfer by Clerk. Upon learning of the pendency of a civil action apparently sharing common questions of law or fact with actions previously transferred under this rule, an order may be entered by the Clerk transferring the action to the assigned judge. A copy of the order shall be served on each party to the litigation. The order shall not become final until 14 days after entry thereof. Any party opposing the transfer shall file a notice of opposition with the Clerk within 14 days from the date the order is entered. The notice of opposition shall be supported by a brief. Any party shall have 14 days to file an answer brief. The filing of a notice of opposition and brief shall suspend the finality of the Clerk's order pending action by the Panel.(k) Procedure After Transfer. (1) Upon receipt of an order from the Chief Justice assigning the actions to a judge, the clerk of the transferor court shall submit to the clerk of the court of the assigned judge copies of all papers contained in the original file and a certified copy of the register of actions.(2) Original pleadings regarding consolidated matters shall thereafter be filed with the clerk of the transferee court.(l) Adoption of Rules. Subject to approval by the Colorado Supreme Court in accordance with Rule 121 C.R.C.P., the Panel may adopt rules of procedures on Consolidated Multidistrict Litigation consistent with this Rule. Source: (a)(1) and (k) amended and effective October 22, 1992; (c)(2), IP(d), (i), and (j) amended and adopted December 14, 2011, effective January 1, 2012, for all cases pending on or filed on or after January 1, 2012, pursuant to C.R.C.P. 1(b); (k)(2) amended and effective April 29, 2014.
Annotation Law reviews. For article, "Multidistrict Litigation: An Overview for Practitioners", see 11 Colo. Law. 2 (1982). For article, "Colorado's Multidistrict Litigation Panel", see 17 Colo. Law. 1981 (1988). Nowhere does this rule expressly grant the transferee judge assigned to hear "all of the actions" the authority to transfer any of the actions or individual issues related to separate parties to another judge. Beckord v. District Court, 698 P.2d 1323 (Colo. 1985).