As amended through Rule Change 2021(19), effective September 23, 2021
Rule 5 - General Provisions(a) An order or judgment of a magistrate in any judicial proceeding shall be effective upon the date of the order or judgment and shall remain in effect pending review by a reviewing judge unless stayed by the magistrate or by the reviewing judge. Except for correction of clerical errors pursuant to C.R.C.P. 60(a), a magistrate has no authority to consider a petition for rehearing. (b) A magistrate may issue citations for contempt, conduct contempt proceedings, and enter orders for contempt for conduct occurring either in the presence or out of the presence of the magistrate, in any civil or criminal matter, without consent. Any order of a magistrate finding a person in contempt shall upon request be reviewed in accordance with the procedures for review set forth in rule 7 or rule 9 herein. (c) A magistrate shall have the power to issue bench warrants for the arrest of non-appearing persons, to set bonds in connection therewith, and to conduct bond forfeiture proceedings. (d) A magistrate shall have the power to administer oaths and affirmations to witnesses and others concerning any matter, thing, process, or proceeding, which is pending, commenced, or to be commenced before the magistrate. (e) A magistrate shall have the power to issue all writs and orders necessary for the exercise of their jurisdiction established by statute or rule, and as provided in section 13-1-115 , C.R.S. (f) No magistrate shall have the power to decide whether a state constitutional provision, statute, municipal charter provision, or ordinance is constitutional either on its face or as applied. Questions pertaining to the constitutionality of a state constitutional provision, statute, municipal charter provision, or ordinance may, however, be raised for the first time on review of the magistrate's order or judgment. (g) For any proceeding in which a district court magistrate may perform a function only with consent under C.R.M. 6, the notice - which must be written except to the extent given orally to parties who are present in court - shall state that all parties must consent to the function being performed by the magistrate. (1) If the notice is given in open court, then all parties who are present and do not then object shall be deemed to have consented to the function being performed by the magistrate. (2) Any party who is not present when the notice is given and who fails to file a written objection within 7 days of the date of written notice shall be deemed to have consented.(h) All magistrates in the performance of their duties shall conduct themselves in accord with the provisions of the Colorado Code of Judicial Conduct. Any complaint alleging that a magistrate, who is an attorney, has violated the provisions of the Colorado Code of Judicial Conduct may be filed with the Office of Attorney Regulation Counsel for proceedings pursuant to C.R.C.P. 242. Such proceedings shall be conducted to determine whether any violation of the Code of Judicial Conduct has occurred and what discipline, if any, is appropriate. These proceedings shall in no way affect the supervision of the Chief Judge over magistrates as provided in C.R.M. 1. Entire chapter amended June 16, 1988, effective January 1, 1989; (a) amended September 6, 1990, effective January 1, 1991; entire rule (including rule title) amended and effective September 12, 1991; (f) added and effective February 3, 1994; entire chapter amended September 30, 1999, effective January 1, 2000; (a)(3)(A) corrected and effective November 9, 1999; (g) added June 1, 2000, and corrected to (h) June 27, 2000, effective July 1, 2000; entire rule amended and adopted May 12, 2005, effective July 1, 2005; amended May 25, 2017, effective July 1, 2017; amended and adopted by the Court, En Banc, May 20, 2021, effective July 1, 2021.