N.Y. Comp. Codes R. & Regs. tit. 18 § 515.2

Current through Register Vol. 46, No. 28, July 10, 2024
Section 515.2 - Unacceptable practices under the medical assistance program
(a) General. An unacceptable practice is conduct by a person which is contrary to:
(1) the official rules and regulations of the department;
(2) the published fees, rates, claiming instructions or procedures of the department;
(3) the official rules and regulations of the Departments of Health, Education and Mental Hygiene, including the latter department's offices and divisions, relating to standards for medical care and services under the program; or
(4) the regulations of the Federal Department of Health and Human Services promulgated under title XIX of the Federal Social Security Act.
(b) Conduct included. An unacceptable practice is conduct which constitutes fraud or abuse and includes the practices specifically enumerated in this subdivision.
(1) False claims.
(i) Submitting, or causing to be submitted, a claim or claims for:
(a) unfurnished medical care, services or supplies;
(b) an amount in excess of established rates or fees;
(c) medical care, services or supplies provided at a frequency or in an amount not medically necessary; or
(d) amounts substantially in excess of the customary charges or costs to the general public.
(ii) Inducing, or seeking to induce, any person to submit a false claim under this subdivision.
(2) False statements.
(i) Making, or causing to be made any false, fictitious or fraudulent statement or misrepresentation of material fact in claiming a medical assistance payment, or for use in determining the right to payment.
(ii) Inducing or seeking to induce the making of any false, fictitious or fraudulent statement or a misrepresentation of material fact.
(3) Failure to disclose. Having knowledge of any event affecting the right to payment of any person and concealing or failing to disclose the event with the intention that a payment be made when not authorized or in a greater amount than due.
(4) Conversion. Converting a medical assistance payment, or any part of such payment, to a use or benefit other than for the use and benefit intended by the medical assistance program.
(5) Bribes and kickbacks. Unless the discount or reduction in price is disclosed to the client and the department and reflected in a claim, or a payment is made pursuant to a valid employer-employee relationship, the following activities are unacceptable practices:
(i) soliciting or receiving either directly or indirectly any payment (including any kickback, bribe, referral fee, rebate or discount), whether in cash or in kind, in return for referring a client to a person for any medical care, services or supplies for which payment is claimed under the program;
(ii) soliciting or receiving either directly or indirectly any payment (including any kickback, bribe, referral fee, rebate or discount), whether in cash or in kind, in return for purchasing, leasing, ordering or recommending any medical care, services or supplies for which payment is claimed under the program;
(iii) offering or paying either directly or indirectly any payment (including any kickback, bribe, referral fee, rebate or discount), whether in cash or in kind, in return for referring a client to a person for any medical care, services or supplies for which payment is claimed under the program; or
(iv) offering or paying either directly or indirectly any payment (including any kickback, bribe, referral fee, rebate or discount), whether in cash or in kind, in return for purchasing, leasing, ordering or recommending any medical care, services or supplies for which payment is claimed under the program.
(6) Unacceptable recordkeeping. Failing to maintain or to make available for purposes of audit or investigation records necessary to fully disclose the medical necessity for and the nature and extent of the medical care, services or supplies furnished, or to comply with other requirements of this Title.
(7) Employment of sanctioned persons. Submitting claims or accepting payment for medical care, services or supplies furnished by a person suspended, disqualified or otherwise terminated from participation in the program or furnished in violation of any condition of participation in the program.
(8) Receiving additional payments. Seeking or accepting any gift, money, donation or other consideration in addition to the amount paid or payable under the program for any medical care, services or supplies for which a claim is made.
(9) Client deception. Deceiving, misleading or threatening a client, or charging or agreeing to charge or collect any fee in excess of the maximum fee, rate or schedule amount from a client.
(10) Conspiracy. Making any agreement, combination or conspiracy to defraud the program by obtaining, or aiding anyone to obtain, payment of any false, fictitious or fraudulent claim.
(11) Excessive services. Furnishing or ordering medical care, services or supplies that are substantially in excess of the client's needs.
(12) Failure to meet recognized standards. Furnishing medical care, services or supplies that fail to meet professionally recognized standards for health care or which are beyond the scope of the person's professional qualifications or licensure.
(13) Unlawful discrimination. Illegally discriminating in the furnishing of medical care, services or supplies based upon the client's race, color, national origin, religion, sex, age or handicapping condition.
(14) Factoring. Assigning payments under the program to a factor, either directly or by power of attorney; or receiving payment through any person whose compensation is not related to the cost of processing the claim, is related to the amount collected or is dependent upon collection of the payment.
(15) Solicitation of clients. Offering or providing any premium or inducement to a client in return for the client's patronage of the provider or other person to receive care, services or supplies under the program.
(16) Verification of MA eligibility:
(i) failing to use the Medicaid Eligibility Terminal (MET) verification procedure, as required by Part 514 of this Title, in a significant number of cases and such failure is unjustified;
(ii) failing to use the card swipe capability of the MET, as required by Part 514 of this Title, in a significant number of cases and such failure is unjustified;
(iii) failing to post orders for medical care, services or supplies in the electronic Medicaid eligibility verification system (EMEVS), as required by Part 514 of this Title, in a significant number of cases and such failure is unjustified; or
(iv) failing to clear prescription or fiscal orders which are required to be posted to EMEVS, as required by Part 514 of this Title, in a significant number of cases and such failure is unjustified.
(17) Denial of services. Denying services to a recipient based in whole or in part upon the recipient's inability to pay a co-payment for medical care, services or supplies.
(18) Other prohibited acts. With respect to any person not a provider, committing any act which would result in the termination of a provider's enrollment in the program pursuant to section 504.7 of this Title.

N.Y. Comp. Codes R. & Regs. Tit. 18§ 515.2