N.J. Admin. Code § 13:40-5.1

Current through Register Vol. 56, No. 13, July 1, 2024
Section 13:40-5.1 - Professional land surveyors; preparation of land surveys
(a) The practice of land surveying includes surveying of areas for their correct determination and description and for conveyancing, and for the establishment or reestablishment of land boundaries and the plotting of lands and subdivisions thereof, and such topographical survey and land development as is incidental to the land survey.
(b) Prior to conducting a survey, the licensed professional land surveyor shall obtain all pertinent information and documentation in the client's possession relative to the property to be surveyed. Such information may include, but not be limited to, earlier surveys, record deeds, title reports, original tract maps, public records, and State, county, or municipal maps. When such information provided is not sufficient to meet the owner's needs, the surveyor shall make all reasonable efforts to obtain all information and documentation needed to render an accurate survey, but shall not rely on a tax map for purposes of defining metes and bounds.
(c) When a property survey is to be performed, a field survey must be made of the property in question and such field survey shall include all measurements and recording of all data as may be necessary to perform an accurate survey. The licensed professional land surveyor shall either perform the field survey or exercise sufficient supervision of the work as necessary to fulfill adequately all professional responsibilities.
(d) Appropriate corner markers, such as stakes, iron pipes, cut crosses, monuments, and such other markers as may be authorized under (d)2 below, shall be set either by the licensed professional land surveyor or under the supervision of the licensed professional land surveyor. Such markers shall be set at each property corner not previously marked by a property marker, unless the actual corner is not accessible, or unless a written waiver signed by the ultimate user and witnessed by a person other than a professional land surveyor is obtained as set forth in N.J.A.C. 13:40-5.2. The failure to obtain a waiver when corner markers are not set shall be considered professional misconduct. Any violation of this subsection shall subject the licensee to a penalty of not more than $ 2,500 for each violation.
1. All boundary or corner markers delineating the property surveyed, found or set, must be described on the plat of survey with data provided to show their relation to the property or corner or, if appropriate, to the boundary lines. When a property corner cannot be set because of physical constraints, a witness marker shall be set and so noted upon the plat of survey.
2. Markers for property corners set by licensed surveyors shall be composed of durable material and be of the minimum length practical to reasonably assure permanence, with a recommended length of 18 inches or more. These markers may include:
i. Concrete monuments;
ii. Iron pins, one-half inch O.D. or larger;
iii. Reinforcing steel bars one-half inch O.D. or larger;
iv. Iron pipes, one-half inch O.D. or larger;
v. Commercially manufactured iron or aluminum monuments;
vi. Brass discs (or similar metal), set in durable material;
vii. Nails or spikes set in durable materials;
viii. Drill holes in durable materials; and
ix. Plastic stakes.
3. The marker requirements in (d)2 above do not apply to intermediate points set on line or for random traverse points.
4. In all cases listed in (d)2 above, the marker shall be identified with a durable cap, disc, shiner, or other appropriate identifier, bearing the full name of the surveyor or firm responsible for setting the corner.
5. All markers set pursuant to (d)2 above shall be detectable with conventional instruments used to find ferrous or magnetic objects.
6. Paragraph 2 of subsection (d) does not apply to individual condominium units where same are composed totally of buildings.
7. Monuments, where required to be set pursuant to the "Recordation Act" at N.J.S.A. 46:26B-3, shall be:
i. Composed of concrete, containing ferrous material detectable with conventional metal detecting instruments;
ii. At least 30 inches long below finished grade with the top and bottom at least four inches square; and
iii. Identified with a durable cap, disc, or shiner bearing the full name of the surveyor or firm responsible for setting the monument.
8. In the event a monument as specified in (d)7 above is impracticable to install due to physical conditions, the surveyor shall install the most appropriate material necessary to establish permanent, metal detectable monumentation.
9. In the event it is impossible to set a monument as specified in (d)7 above at the prescribed control points, an offset monument shall be set bearing a plate stamped with the word "offset."
10. In all cases listed in (d)8 and 9 above, the surveyor shall acknowledge in the monument installation certification, use of substituted material and/or the use of offset monumentation. Proper instrument sights shall be established and complete offset data shall be recorded with the monument certification to the municipality.
(e) A plat, also referred to as a plan of survey, shall be prepared either by the licensed professional land surveyor or under the supervision of the licensed professional land surveyor. Such plat shall show all matter relevant to a complete and clear exposition of the property.
(f) The items that must always be shown are:
1. Title block complying with N.J.A.C. 13:40-8;
2. The State, county and municipality in which the property is located and specific data as provided by the owner identifying the property or other pertinent identifying data as deemed appropriate by the surveyor, including block, lot number and address;
3. North arrow, identifying the horizontal datum of the survey (for example, NAD27, NAD83, magnetic, deed book and page, etc.) and scale;
4. The point of beginning;
5. Metes and bounds of the property in question; all measurements are to be indicated in feet and decimals of a foot except when legal requirements or professional custom and usage require another form of measurement;
6. Property corner markers, both found and set, and the relation of existing markers to the property corner or, if appropriate, to the boundary lines;
7. Street and street names and location and widths of the traveling way, when such streets abut or adjoin the property in question. If the street is not open, the survey should so indicate;
8. Encroachments of structures both on the premises in question and/or adjoining properties;
9. Fences, tree rows, hedges, streams, ditches, building locations, easements and any physical occupation influencing property line determination;
10. In all cases, survey work shall be performed in accordance with currently accepted accuracy standards, but such accuracy standards may be limited by contractual agreements. Such limitations shall be appropriately noted on the final drawing.
(g) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this subchapter to the contrary, the following items may be omitted where contractual agreements with the client so provide:
1. Areas of established city lots or recorded subdivision map lots, unless the area is recited in the record deed of the property in question;
2. Fences and streams and ditches, unless such fences, streams and ditches are on or in close proximity to the property lines or otherwise affect the property lines in question;
3. Sidewalks, driveways, walkways or other traveled ways, unless such ways affect the property lines in question;
4. Utility lines, easements of right-of-way lines, except when recited in the record deed or when such utility lines, easements of right-of-way lines affect the use of adjacent properties or the property in question;
5. Location and type of building and other structures on the property in question; and
6. Metes and bounds description of the property, except when the survey is being prepared for the purpose of conveyance of real property (title transfer, creation of easement, or mortgage).
(h) When any of the various items listed in (g) above are omitted, the plat or plan of survey should indicate the specific omitted items in a factual way that such omissions are made.
(i) Upon completing the plat or plan of survey, the licensed professional land surveyor shall provide the client an agreed upon number of prints of the survey drawing. Such print copies of the plat or plan of survey shall bear the signature and impression seal of the license professional land surveyor. Certification by the licensed professional land surveyor may be given when requested by the client.
1. The licensed professional land surveyor shall also supply a description of the property surveyed when the survey is to be used for conveyancing (title transfer, creation of easement, or mortgage). This description must be suitable for use in a deed. The description shall be by metes and bounds or by reference to a filed plan, block, and lot. If a filed plan, block, and lot is utilized, the entire title of the filed plan shall be set forth along with, the filed plan number and the date on which the plan was recorded in the office of the County Recording Officer. If there is any deviation from the filed plan to the completed survey, a description by filed plan, block, and lot, shall not be utilized. The deed description shall be consistent with both the survey provided and the documentation upon which the survey was based and shall be written in such a manner as to define the boundary lines of real property unambiguous and sufficient for a surveyor to lay it out on the ground. This description may be reproduced on the survey plat itself or may be by separate document. If the deed description is provided on the survey plat, it must be titled "Deed Description." If a separate document is provided, the description shall be signed and sealed by the licensed professional land surveyor responsible for its preparation.
2. The term "referenced" shall not be utilized when referring to a filed plat when it is intended to meet the requirements of supplying the deed description listed in (i)1 above. It shall also be improper to use or reference a municipal tax map to comply with the requirements for deed description by reference to a filed plat. A tax map shall not be deemed a filed plan for the purpose of title transfer.
(j) No reproductions or photographic copies of a plan or survey shall be offered or issued by a licensee for use in any court, land transaction or filing in any public agency or office unless such copies shall bear the signature and impression seal of the licensed professional land surveyor.
(k) Tax assessment maps for submission to and approval by the New Jersey Division of Taxation must be prepared and revised by a licensed professional land surveyor, who is obligated to prepare and revise such maps in full compliance with the legal requirements pertaining to such maps.
(l) Failure to comply with the provisions of this subchapter and with applicable State laws and local ordinances may subject the licensed professional land surveyor to disciplinary action.
(m) Subdivision plats, whether classified as major or minor, preliminary or final, shall be prepared by a licensed professional land surveyor and shall be based on a new or existing current and accurate survey of the property being subdivided.
1. The licensee shall provide appropriate survey information, including monumentation, as set forth above, to permit a subsequent licensed professional land surveyor to accurately lay out newly described lots.
2. If a newly described lot will be adjacent to or abutting a perimeter line, the licensee shall ensure that the perimeter line is accurately established on the ground.
3. In all instances, including where deeds are used to record minor subdivisions and/or where an existing plat or plan of survey is used, only the licensee who prepared the boundary map on which the subdivision is based may provide the certification on the subdivision plat that the boundary survey is accurate and was prepared under his or her supervision, as required by the Recordation Act, N.J.S.A. 46:26A, 26B, and 26C, and in accordance with N.J.A.C. 13:40-9, Responsible Charge of Engineering or Land Surveying Work.
(n) Maps prepared to show hydrographic, bathymetric, topographic data, or planimetric data shall be prepared by a licensed professional land surveyor and shall identify the vertical datum and include reference to a benchmark on the site. Such survey information may be transferred to construction plans or other drawings if duly noted as to the date of the survey, by whom, and for whom it was prepared.
(o) Existing flood elevations shall only be certified by a professional land surveyor.

N.J. Admin. Code § 13:40-5.1

Amended by 52 N.J.R. 46(a), effective 1/6/2020