26 U.S.C. § 50

Current through P.L. 117-262 (published on www.congress.gov on 12/21/2022)
Section 50 - Other special rules
(a) Recapture in case of dispositions, etc.

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary-

(1) Early disposition, etc.
(A) General rule

If, during any taxable year, investment credit property is disposed of, or otherwise ceases to be investment credit property with respect to the taxpayer, before the close of the recapture period, then the tax under this chapter for such taxable year shall be increased by the recapture percentage of the aggregate decrease in the credits allowed under section 38 for all prior taxable years which would have resulted solely from reducing to zero any credit determined under this subpart with respect to such property.

(B) Recapture percentage

For purposes of subparagraph (A), the recapture percentage shall be determined in accordance with the following table:

If the property ceases to be investment credit property within-The recapturepercentage is:
(i) One full year after placed in service100
(ii) One full year after the close of the period described in clause (i)80
(iii) One full year after the close of the period described in clause (ii)60
(iv) One full year after the close of the period described in clause (iii)40
(v) One full year after the close of the period described in clause (iv)20

(2) Property ceases to qualify for progress expenditures
(A) In general

If during any taxable year any building to which section 47(d) applied ceases (by reason of sale or other disposition, cancellation or abandonment of contract, or otherwise) to be, with respect to the taxpayer, property which, when placed in service, will be a qualified rehabilitated building, then the tax under this chapter for such taxable year shall be increased by an amount equal to the aggregate decrease in the credits allowed under section 38 for all prior taxable years which would have resulted solely from reducing to zero the credit determined under this subpart with respect to such building.

(B) Certain excess credit recaptured

Any amount which would have been applied as a reduction under paragraph (2) of section 47(b) but for the fact that a reduction under such paragraph cannot reduce the amount taken into account under section 47(b)(1) below zero shall be treated as an amount required to be recaptured under subparagraph (A) for the taxable year during which the building is placed in service.

(C) Certain sales and leasebacks

Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, a sale by, and leaseback to, a taxpayer who, when the property is placed in service, will be a lessee to whom the rules referred to in subsection (d)(5) apply shall not be treated as a cessation described in subparagraph (A) to the extent that the amount which will be passed through to the lessee under such rules with respect to such property is not less than the qualified rehabilitation expenditures properly taken into account by the lessee under section 47(d) with respect to such property.

(D) Coordination with paragraph (1)

If, after property is placed in service, there is a disposition or other cessation described in paragraph (1), then paragraph (1) shall be applied as if any credit which was allowable by reason of section 47(d) and which has not been required to be recaptured before such disposition, cessation, or change in use were allowable for the taxable year the property was placed in service.

(E) Special rules

Rules similar to the rules of this paragraph shall apply in cases where qualified progress expenditures were taken into account under the rules referred to in section 48(b), 48A(b)(3), 48B(b)(3), 48C(b)(2), or 48D(b)(5).

(3) Certain expansions in connection with advanced manufacturing facilities
(A) In general

If there is a an applicable transaction by an applicable taxpayer before the close of the 10-year period beginning on the date such taxpayer placed in service investment credit property which is eligible for the advanced manufacturing investment credit under section 48D(a), then the tax under this chapter for the taxable year in which such transaction occurs shall be increased by 100 percent of the aggregate decrease in the credits allowed under section 38 for all prior taxable years which would have resulted solely from reducing to zero any credit determined under section 46 which is attributable to the advanced manufacturing investment credit under section 48D(a) with respect to such property.

(B) Exception

Subparagraph (A) shall not apply if the applicable taxpayer demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Secretary that the applicable transaction has been ceased or abandoned within 45 days of a determination and notice by the Secretary.

(C) Regulations and guidance

The Secretary shall issue such regulations or other guidance as the Secretary determines necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of this paragraph, including regulations or other guidance which provide for requirements for recordkeeping or information reporting for purposes of administering the requirements of this paragraph.

(4) Carrybacks and carryovers adjusted

In the case of any cessation described in paragraph (1) or (2), or any applicable transaction to which paragraph (3)(A) applies, the carrybacks and carryovers under section 39 shall be adjusted by reason of such cessation or applicable transaction.

(5) Subsection not to apply in certain cases

Paragraphs (1) and (2) shall not apply to-

(A) a transfer by reason of death, or
(B) a transaction to which section 381(a) applies.

For purposes of this subsection, property shall not be treated as ceasing to be investment credit property with respect to the taxpayer by reason of a mere change in the form of conducting the trade or business so long as the property is retained in such trade or business as investment credit property and the taxpayer retains a substantial interest in such trade or business.

(6) Definitions and special rules
(A) Investment credit property

For purposes of this subsection, the term "investment credit property" means any property eligible for a credit determined under this subpart.

(B) Transfer between spouses or incident to divorce

In the case of any transfer described in subsection (a) of section 1041-

(i) the foregoing provisions of this subsection shall not apply, and
(ii) the same tax treatment under this subsection with respect to the transferred property shall apply to the transferee as would have applied to the transferor.
(C) Special rule

Any increase in tax under paragraph (1), (2), or (3) shall not be treated as tax imposed by this chapter for purposes of determining the amount of any credit allowable under this chapter.

(D) Applicable transaction

For purposes of this subsection-

(i) In general

The term "applicable transaction" means, with respect to any applicable taxpayer, any significant transaction (as determined by the Secretary, in coordination with the Secretary of Commerce and the Secretary of Defense) involving the material expansion of semiconductor manufacturing capacity of such applicable taxpayer in the People's Republic of China or a foreign country of concern (as defined in section 9901(7) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021).

(ii) Exception

Such term shall not include a transaction which primarily involves the expansion of manufacturing capacity for legacy semiconductors (as defined in section 9902(a)(6) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021).

(E) Applicable taxpayer

For purposes of this subsection, the term "applicable taxpayer" means any taxpayer who has been allowed a credit under section 48D(a) for any prior taxable year.

(b) Certain property not eligible

No credit shall be determined under this subpart with respect to-

(1) Property used outside United States
(A) In general

Except as provided in subparagraph (B), no credit shall be determined under this subpart with respect to any property which is used predominantly outside the United States.

(B) Exceptions

Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to any property described in section 168(g)(4).

(2) Property used for lodging

No credit shall be determined under this subpart with respect to any property which is used predominantly to furnish lodging or in connection with the furnishing of lodging. The preceding sentence shall not apply to-

(A) nonlodging commercial facilities which are available to persons not using the lodging facilities on the same basis as they are available to persons using the lodging facilities;
(B) property used by a hotel or motel in connection with the trade or business of furnishing lodging where the predominant portion of the accommodations is used by transients;
(C) a certified historic structure to the extent of that portion of the basis which is attributable to qualified rehabilitation expenditures; and
(D) any energy property.
(3) Property used by certain tax-exempt organization

No credit shall be determined under this subpart with respect to any property used by an organization (other than a cooperative described in section 521) which is exempt from the tax imposed by this chapter unless such property is used predominantly in an unrelated trade or business the income of which is subject to tax under section 511. If the property is debt-financed property (as defined in section 514(b)), the amount taken into account for purposes of determining the amount of the credit under this subpart with respect to such property shall be that percentage of the amount (which but for this paragraph would be so taken into account) which is the same percentage as is used under section 514(a), for the year the property is placed in service, in computing the amount of gross income to be taken into account during such taxable year with respect to such property. If any qualified rehabilitated building is used by the tax-exempt organization pursuant to a lease, this paragraph shall not apply for purposes of determining the amount of the rehabilitation credit.

(4) Property used by governmental units or foreign persons or entities
(A) In general

No credit shall be determined under this subpart with respect to any property used-

(i) by the United States, any State or political subdivision thereof, any possession of the United States, or any agency or instrumentality of any of the foregoing, or
(ii) by any foreign person or entity (as defined in section 168(h)(2)(C)), but only with respect to property to which section 168(h)(2)(A)(iii) applies (determined after the application of section 168(h)(2)(B)).
(B) Exception for short-term leases

This paragraph and paragraph (3) shall not apply to any property by reason of use under a lease with a term of less than 6 months (determined under section 168(i)(3)).

(C) Exception for qualified rehabilitated buildings leased to governments, etc.

If any qualified rehabilitated building is leased to a governmental unit (or a foreign person or entity) this paragraph shall not apply for purposes of determining the rehabilitation credit with respect to such building.

(D) Special rules for partnerships, etc.

For purposes of this paragraph and paragraph (3), rules similar to the rules of paragraphs (5) and (6) of section 168(h) shall apply.

(E) Cross reference

For special rules for the application of this paragraph and paragraph (3), see section 168(h).

(c) Basis adjustment to investment credit property
(1) In general

For purposes of this subtitle, if a credit is determined under this subpart with respect to any property, the basis of such property shall be reduced by the amount of the credit so determined.

(2) Certain dispositions

If during any taxable year there is a recapture amount determined with respect to any property the basis of which was reduced under paragraph (1), the basis of such property (immediately before the event resulting in such recapture) shall be increased by an amount equal to such recapture amount. For purposes of the preceding sentence, the term "recapture amount" means any increase in tax (or adjustment in carrybacks or carryovers) determined under subsection (a).

(3) Special rule

In the case of any energy credit-

(A) only 50 percent of such credit shall be taken into account under paragraph (1),
(B) only 50 percent of any recapture amount attributable to such credit shall be taken into account under paragraph (2), and
(C) paragraph (1) shall not apply for purposes of determining eligible basis under section 42.
(4) Recapture of reductions
(A) In general

For purposes of sections 1245 and 1250, any reduction under this subsection shall be treated as a deduction allowed for depreciation.

(B) Special rule for section 1250

For purposes of section 1250(b), the determination of what would have been the depreciation adjustments under the straight line method shall be made as if there had been no reduction under this section.

(5) Adjustment in basis of interest in partnership or S corporation

The adjusted basis of-

(A) a partner's interest in a partnership, and
(B) stock in an S corporation,

shall be appropriately adjusted to take into account adjustments made under this subsection in the basis of property held by the partnership or S corporation (as the case may be).

(d) Certain rules made applicable

For purposes of this subpart, rules similar to the rules of the following provisions (as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of the Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1990) shall apply:

(1) Section 46(e) (relating to limitations with respect to certain persons).
(2) Section 46(f) (relating to limitation in case of certain regulated companies). At the election of a taxpayer, this paragraph shall not apply to any energy storage technology (as defined in section 48(c)(6)), provided-
(A) no election under this paragraph shall be permitted if the making of such election is prohibited by a State or political subdivision thereof, by any agency or instrumentality of the United States, or by a public service or public utility commission or other similar body of any State or political subdivision that regulates public utilities as described in section 7701(a)(33)(A),
(B) an election under this paragraph shall be made separately with respect to each energy storage technology by the due date (including extensions) of the Federal tax return for the taxable year in which the energy storage technology is placed in service by the taxpayer, and once made, may be revoked only with the consent of the Secretary, and
(C) an election shall not apply with respect to any energy storage technology if such energy storage technology has a maximum capacity equal to or less than 500 kilowatt hours.
(3) Section 46(h) (relating to special rules for cooperatives).
(4) Paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 48(b) (relating to special rule for sale-leasebacks).
(5) Section 48(d) (relating to certain leased property).
(6) Section 48(f) (relating to estates and trusts).
(7) Section 48(r) (relating to certain 501(d) organizations).

Paragraphs (1)(A), (2)(A), and (4) of the section 46(e) referred to in paragraph (1) of this subsection shall not apply to any taxable year beginning after December 31, 1995. In the case of a real estate investment trust making an election under section 6418, paragraphs (1)(B) and (2)(B) of the section 46(e) referred to in paragraph (1) of this subsection shall not apply to any investment credit property of such real estate investment trust to which such election applies.

26 U.S.C. § 50

Added Pub. L. 101-508, title XI, §11813(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388-546; amended Pub. L. 104-188, title I, §§1616(b)(1), Aug. 20, 1996, 1702, Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1856, 1874, 1889; Pub. L. 105-206, title VI, §6004(g)(7), July 22, 1998, 112 Stat. 796; Pub. L. 108-357, title III, §322(d)(2)(D), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1475; Pub. L. 109-135, title IV, §412(o), Dec. 21, 2005, 119 Stat. 2638; Pub. L. 113-295, div. A, title II, §220(d), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 4036; Pub. L. 115-141, div. U, title IV, §401(a)(25), (d) (3)(B)(ii), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1185, 1209; Pub. L. 117-167, div. A, §107(b)(1)-(3) (B), (d)(3), Aug. 9, 2022, 136 Stat. 1397-1399; Pub. L. 117-169, title I, §§13102(f)(5), (i), Aug. 16, 2022, 13702, Aug. 16, 2022, 136 Stat. 1917, 1997, 2012.

Amendment of SectionPub. L. 117-169, title I, §13702(b)(3), (4), (c), Aug. 16, 2022, 136 Stat. 1997, provided that, applicable to property placed in service after Dec. 31, 2024, this section is amended:(1) in subsection (a)(2)(E), by striking "or 48D(b)(5)" and inserting "48D(b)(5), or 48E(e)"; and (2) in subsection (c)(3), by inserting "or clean electricity investment credit" after "In the case of any energy credit". See 2022 Amendment notes below.

EDITORIAL NOTES

REFERENCES IN TEXTSection 9901(7) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021, referred to in subsec. (a)(6)(D)(i), is section 9901(7) of Pub. L. 116-283 which is classified to section 4651(7) of Title 15, Commerce and Trade.Section 9902(a)(6) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021, referred to in subsec. (a)(6)(D)(ii), is section 9902(a)(6) of Pub. L. 116-283 which is classified to section 4652(a)(6) of Title 15, Commerce and Trade.The date of the enactment of the Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1990, referred to in subsec. (d), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 101-508 which was approved Nov. 5, 1990.

PRIOR PROVISIONSA prior section 50, Pub. L. 92-178, title I, §101(a), Dec. 10, 1971, 85 Stat. 498, related to restoration of credit for investment in certain depreciable property, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 95-600, title III, §312(c)(1), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2826, applicable to taxable years ending after Dec. 31, 1978.

AMENDMENTS2022-Subsec. (a)(2)(E). Pub. L. 117-169, §13702(b)(3), substituted "48D(b)(5), or 48E(e)" for "or 48D(b)(5)".Pub. L. 117-167, §107(d)(3), substituted "48C(b)(2), or 48D(b)(5)" for "or 48C(b)(2)".Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 117-167, §107(b)(1), added par. (3). Former par. (3) redesignated (4).Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 117-167, §107(b)(3)(A)(ii), inserted "or applicable transaction" before period at end. Pub. L. 117-167, §107(b)(3)(A)(i), which directed the insertion of ", or any applicable transaction to which paragraph (3)(A) applies" after "paragraphs (1) and (2)", was executed by making the insertion after "paragraph (1) or (2)" to reflect the probable intent of Congress.Pub. L. 117-167, §107(b)(1), redesignated par. (3) as (4). Former par. (4) redesignated (5).Subsec. (a)(5), (6). Pub. L. 117-167, §107(b)(1), redesignated pars. (4) as (5) as (5) and (6), respectively.Subsec. (a)(6)(C). Pub. L. 117-167, §107(b)(3)(B), substituted "paragraph (1), (2), or (3)" for "paragraph (1) or (2)".Subsec. (a)(6)(D), (E). Pub. L. 117-167, §107(b)(2), added subpars. (D) and (E).Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 117-169, §13702(b)(4), inserted "or clean electricity investment credit" after "In the case of any energy credit" in introductory provisions.Subsec. (c)(3)(C). Pub. L. 117-169, §13102(i), added subpar. (C).Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 117-169, §13801(c), inserted "In the case of a real estate investment trust making an election under section 6418, paragraphs (1)(B) and (2)(B) of the section 46(e) referred to in paragraph (1) of this subsection shall not apply to any investment credit property of such real estate investment trust to which such election applies." at end of concluding provisions. Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 117-169, §13102(f)(5), inserted "At the election of a taxpayer, this paragraph shall not apply to any energy storage technology (as defined in section 48(c)(6)), provided-" after "companies)." and added subpars. (A) to (C).2018-Subsec. (a)(2)(E). Pub. L. 115-141, §401(d)(3)(B)(ii), substituted "or 48C(b)(2)" for "48C(b)(2), or 48D(b)(4)".Subsec. (b)(2)(A). Pub. L. 115-141, §401(a)(25), substituted semicolon for period at end. 2014-Subsec. (a)(2)(E). Pub. L. 113-295 inserted ", 48A(b)(3), 48B(b)(3), 48C(b)(2), or 48D(b)(4)" after "in section 48(b)".2005-Subsec. (a)(2)(E). Pub. L. 109-135 substituted "section 48(b)" for "section 48(a)(5)". 2004-Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 108-357 struck out "or reforestation credit" after "energy credit" in introductory provisions.1998-Subsec. (a)(5)(C). Pub. L. 105-206 substituted "this chapter" for "subpart A, B, D, or G". 1996-Subsec. (a)(2)(C). Pub. L. 104-188, §1704(t)(29), substituted "subsection (d)(5)" for "subsection (c)(4)".Subsec. (a)(2)(E). Pub. L. 104-188, §1702(h)(11), substituted "48(a)(5)" for "48(a)(5)(A)". Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104-188, §1616(b)(1), inserted closing provisions.

STATUTORY NOTES AND RELATED SUBSIDIARIES

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2022 AMENDMENT Amendment by section 13102(f)(5), (i) of Pub. L. 117-169 applicable to property placed in service after Dec. 31, 2022, see section 13102(q)(2) of Pub. L. 117-169 set out in a note under section 45 of this title. Amendment by section 13702(b)(3), (4) of Pub. L. 117-169 applicable to property placed in service after Dec. 31, 2024, see section 13702(c) of Pub. L. 117-169 set out as an Effective Date note under section 48E of this title.Amendment by section 13801(c) of Pub. L. 117-169 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2022, see section 13801(g) of Pub. L. 117-169 set out as an Effective Date note under section 6417 of this title.Amendment by Pub. L. 117-167 applicable to property placed in service after Dec. 31, 2022, and, for any property the construction of which begins prior to Jan. 1, 2023, only to the extent of the basis thereof attributable to the construction, reconstruction, or erection after Aug. 9, 2022, see section 107(f) of Pub. L. 117-167 set out as a note under section 905 of Title 2, The Congress.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 2004 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 108-357 applicable with respect to expenditures paid or incurred after Oct. 22, 2004, see section 322(e) of Pub. L. 108-357 set out as a note under section 46 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1998 AMENDMENT Amendment by Pub. L. 105-206 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997, Pub. L. 105-34 to which such amendment relates, see section 6024 of Pub. L. 105-206 set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENT Amendment by section 1616(b)(1) of Pub. L. 104-188 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1995, see section 1616(c) of Pub. L. 104-188 set out as a note under section 593 of this title. Amendment by section 1702(h)(11) of Pub. L. 104-188 effective, except as otherwise expressly provided, as if included in the provision of the Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1990, Pub. L. 101-508 to which such amendment relates, see section 1702(i) of Pub. L. 104-188 set out as a note under section 38 of this title.

EFFECTIVE DATESection applicable to property placed in service after Dec. 31, 1990, but not applicable to any transition property (as defined in section 49(e) of this title), any property with respect to which qualified progress expenditures were previously taken into account under section 46(d) of this title, and any property described in section 46(b)(2)(C) of this title, as such sections were in effect on Nov. 4, 1990, see section 11813(c) of Pub. L. 101-508 set out as an Effective Date of 1990 Amendment note under section 45K of this title.

SAVINGS PROVISIONFor provisions that amendment made by section 401(d)(3)(B)(ii) of Pub. L. 115-141 not apply to expenditures made in taxable years beginning before Jan. 1, 2011, in the case of the repeal of section 48D(e)(1) of this title, see section 401(d)(3)(C) of Pub. L. 115-141 set out as a note under section 49 of this title. For provisions that nothing in amendment by section 401(d)(3)(B)(ii) of Pub. L. 115-141 be construed to affect treatment of certain transactions occurring, property acquired, or items of income, loss, deduction, or credit taken into account prior to Mar. 23, 2018, for purposes of determining liability for tax for periods ending after Mar. 23, 2018, see section 401(e) of Pub. L. 115-141 set out as a note under section 23 of this title. For provisions that nothing in this section be construed to affect treatment of certain transactions occurring, property acquired, or items of income, loss, deduction, or credit taken into account prior to Nov. 5, 1990, for purposes of determining liability for tax for periods ending after Nov. 5, 1990, see section 11821(b) of Pub. L. 101-508 set out as a note under section 45K of this title.

Secretary
The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate.
State
The term "State" shall be construed to include the District of Columbia, where such construction is necessary to carry out provisions of this title.
corporation
The term "corporation" includes associations, joint-stock companies, and insurance companies.
fiscal year
The term "fiscal year" means an accounting period of 12 months ending on the last day of any month other than December.
person
The term "person" shall be construed to mean and include an individual, a trust, estate, partnership, association, company or corporation.
stock
The term "stock" includes shares in an association, joint-stock company, or insurance company.
taxable year
The term "taxable year" means the calendar year, or the fiscal year ending during such calendar year, upon the basis of which the taxable income is computed under subtitle A. "Taxable year" means, in the case of a return made for a fractional part of a year under the provisions of subtitle A or under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, the period for which such return is made.
taxpayer
The term "taxpayer" means any person subject to any internal revenue tax.
trade or business
The term "trade or business" includes the performance of the functions of a public office.
transaction
The term "transaction" includes a series of transactions.