Ga. Code § 48-5C-1

Current through 2023-2024 Legislative Session Chapter 356
Section 48-5C-1 - Definitions; exemption from taxation; allocation and disbursement of proceeds collected by tag agents; fair market value of vehicle appealable; report
(a) As used in this Code section, the term:
(.1) "Disabled first responder" means a law enforcement officer, firefighter, publicly employed emergency medical technician, or surviving spouse of such an individual receiving payments pursuant to Code Section 45-9-85 due to total permanent disability, partial permanent disability, organic brain damage, or death occurring in the line of duty, provided that such law enforcement officer, firefighter, or publicly employed emergency medical technician is not facing pending charges for and has not been convicted of a crime related to his or her conduct in the line of duty, and his or her state licensure as a law enforcement officer, firefighter, or emergency medical technician is not subject to pending action for suspension or revocation and has not been revoked or suspended due to his or her bad conduct.
(1) "Fair market value of the motor vehicle" means:
(A) For a used motor vehicle purchased from a new or used car dealer other than under a seller financed sale arrangement, the retail selling price of the motor vehicle, less any reduction for the trade-in value of another motor vehicle;
(B)
(i) For a used motor vehicle purchased from a person other than a new or used car dealer or a used motor vehicle purchased under a seller financed sale arrangement, the average of the current fair market value and the current wholesale value of a motor vehicle for a vehicle listed in the current motor vehicle ad valorem assessment manual utilized by the state revenue commissioner and based upon a nationally recognized motor vehicle industry pricing guide for fair market and wholesale market values in determining the taxable value of a motor vehicle under Code Section 48-5-442; provided, however, that, if the motor vehicle is not listed in such current motor vehicle ad valorem assessment manual, the fair market value shall be the value from a reputable used car market guide designated by the commissioner and, in the case of a motor vehicle purchased from a new or used car dealer under a seller financed sale arrangement, less any reduction for the trade-in value of another motor vehicle;
(ii) Upon written application and supporting documentation submitted by an applicant under this Code section, a county tag agent may deviate from the fair market value as defined in division (i) of this subparagraph based upon mileage and condition of the used vehicle. Supporting documentation may include, but not be limited to, bill of sale, odometer statement, and values from reputable pricing guides. The fair market value as determined by the county tag agent pursuant to this subparagraph shall be appealable as provided in subsection (e) of this Code section;
(C) Reserved;
(D) For a new motor vehicle, the retail selling price, less any reduction for the trade-in value of another motor vehicle and any rebate. The retail selling price shall include any charges for labor, freight, delivery, dealer fees and similar charges, tangible accessories, dealer add-ons, and mark-ups, but shall not include any federal retailers' excise tax or extended warranty, service contract, maintenance agreement, or similar products itemized on the dealer's invoice to the customer or any finance, insurance, and interest charges for deferred payments billed separately. No reduction for the trade-in value of another motor vehicle shall be taken unless the name of the owner and the vehicle identification number of such trade-in motor vehicle are shown on the bill of sale;
(E) For a motor vehicle that is leased:
(i) In the case of a motor vehicle that is leased to a lessee for use primarily in the lessee's trade or business and for which the lease agreement contains a provision for the adjustment of the rental price as described in Code Section 40-3-60, the agreed upon value of the motor vehicle less any reduction for the trade-in value of another motor vehicle and any rebate;
(ii) In the case of a motor vehicle that is leased other than described in division (i) of this subparagraph, the total of the depreciation plus any amortized amounts pursuant to the lease agreement plus any down payments; and
(iii) The term "any down payments" as used in this subparagraph shall mean cash collected from the lessee at the inception of the lease which shall include cash supplied as a capital cost reduction; shall not include rebates, noncash credits, or net trade allowances; and shall include any upfront payments collected from the lessee at the inception of the lease except for taxes or fees imposed by law and monthly lease payments made in advance; or
(F) For a kit car which is assembled by the purchaser from parts supplied by a manufacturer, the retail selling price of the kit. A kit car shall not include a rebuilt or salvage vehicle.
(2) "Immediate family member" means spouse, parent, child, sibling, grandparent, or grandchild.
(3) "Loaner vehicle" means a motor vehicle owned by a dealer which is withdrawn temporarily from dealer inventory for exclusive use as a courtesy vehicle loaned at no charge for a period not to exceed 45 days within a 366 day period to any one customer whose motor vehicle is being serviced by such dealer.
(4) "Rental charge" means the total value received by a rental motor vehicle concern for the rental or lease for 31 or fewer consecutive days of a rental motor vehicle, including the total cash and nonmonetary consideration for the rental or lease, including, but not limited to, charges based on time or mileage and charges for insurance coverage or collision damage waiver but excluding all charges for motor fuel taxes or sales and use taxes.
(5) "Rental motor vehicle" means a motor vehicle designed to carry 15 or fewer passengers and used primarily for the transportation of persons that is rented or leased without a driver.
(6) "Rental motor vehicle concern" means a person or legal entity which owns or leases five or more rental motor vehicles and which regularly rents or leases such vehicles to the public for value.
(7) "Trade-in value" means the value of the motor vehicle as stated in the bill of sale for a vehicle which has been traded in to the dealer in a transaction involving the purchase of another vehicle from the dealer.
(b)
(1)
(A) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, any motor vehicle for which a title is issued in this state on or after March 1, 2013, shall be exempt from sales and use taxes to the extent provided under paragraph (95) of Code Section 48-8-3 and shall not be subject to the ad valorem tax as otherwise required under Chapter 5 of this title. Any such motor vehicle shall be titled as otherwise required under Title 40 but shall be subject to a state title fee and a local title fee which shall be alternative ad valorem taxes as authorized by Article VII, Section I, Paragraph III(b)(3) of the Georgia Constitution. Motor vehicles registered under the International Registration Plan shall not be subject to state and local title ad valorem tax fees but shall continue to be subject to apportioned ad valorem taxation under Article 10 of Chapter 5 of this title.
(B)
(i) Reserved.
(ii) The combined state and local title ad valorem tax shall be at a rate equal to 7 percent of the fair market value of the motor vehicle; provided, however, that, beginning on January 1, 2020, and continuing through June 30, 2023, such rate shall be equal to 6.6 percent of the fair market value of the motor vehicle.
(iii) Beginning on July 1, 2019, the state and local title ad valorem tax proceeds each month shall be distributed by each county remitting 35 percent of the funds to the state revenue commissioner as provided in subparagraph (c)(2)(A) of this Code section and distributing 65 percent of the funds as provided in paragraph (3) of subsection (c) of this Code section.
(iv) The state revenue commissioner shall promulgate such rules and regulations as may be necessary and appropriate to implement and administer this Code section, including, but not limited to, rules and regulations regarding appropriate public notification of rate amounts and rules and regulations regarding appropriate enforcement and compliance procedures and methods for the implementation and operation of this Code section. The state revenue commissioner shall promulgate a standardized form to be used by all dealers of new and used vehicles in this state in order to ease the administration of this Code section. The state revenue commissioner may promulgate and implement rules and regulations as may be necessary to permit seller financed sales of used vehicles to be assessed 2.5 percentage points less than the rate specified in division (ii) of this subparagraph.
(C) The application for title and the state and local title ad valorem tax fees provided for in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph shall be paid to the tag agent in the county where the motor vehicle is to be registered and shall be paid at the time the application for a certificate of title is submitted or, in the case of an electronic title transaction, at the time when the electronic title transaction is finalized. In an electronic title transaction, the state and local title ad valorem tax fees shall be remitted electronically directly to the county tag agent. A dealer of new or used motor vehicles shall make such application for title and state and local title ad valorem tax fees on behalf of the purchaser of a new or used motor vehicle for the purpose of submitting or, in the case of an electronic title application, finalizing such title application and remitting state and local title ad valorem tax fees. The state and local title ad valorem tax fees provided for in this chapter shall be imposed on the purchaser, including a lessor, that acquires title to the motor vehicle; provided, however, that a lessor that pays such state and local title ad valorem tax fees may seek reimbursement for such state and local title ad valorem tax fees from the lessee.
(D) There shall be a penalty imposed on any person who, in the determination of the commissioner, falsifies any information in any bill of sale used for purposes of determining the fair market value of the motor vehicle. Such penalty shall not exceed $2,500.00 as a state penalty and shall not exceed $2,500.00 as a local penalty as determined by the commissioner. Such determination shall be made within 60 days of the commissioner receiving information of a possible violation of this paragraph.
(E) Except in the case in which an extension of the registration period has been granted by the county tag agent under Code Section 40-2-20, a dealer of new or used motor vehicles that makes an application for title and collects state and local title ad valorem tax fees from a purchaser of a new or used motor vehicle and does not submit or, in the case of an electronic title transaction, finalize such application for title and remit such state and local title ad valorem tax fees to the county tag agent within 30 days following the date of purchase shall be liable to the county tag agent for an amount equal to 5 percent of the amount of such state and local title ad valorem tax fees. An additional penalty equal to 10 percent of the amount of such state and local title ad valorem tax fees shall be imposed if such payment is not transmitted within 60 days following the date of purchase. An additional penalty equal to 15 percent of the amount of such state and local title ad valorem tax fees shall be imposed if such payment is not transmitted within 90 days following the date of purchase, and an additional penalty equal to 20 percent of the amount of such state and local title ad valorem tax fees shall be imposed if such payment is not transmitted within 120 days following the date of purchase. An additional penalty equal to 25 percent of the amount of such state and local title ad valorem tax fees shall be imposed for each subsequent 30 day period in which the payment is not transmitted.
(F) A dealer of new or used motor vehicles that makes an application for title and collects state and local title ad valorem tax fees from a purchaser of a new or used motor vehicle and converts such fees to his or her own use shall be guilty of theft by conversion and, upon conviction, shall be punished as provided in Code Section 16-8-12.
(2) A person or entity acquiring a salvage title pursuant to subsection (b) of Code Section 40-3-36 shall not be subject to the fee specified in paragraph (1) of this subsection but shall be subject to a state title ad valorem tax fee in an amount equal to 1 percent of the fair market value of the motor vehicle. Such state title ad valorem tax fee shall be an alternative ad valorem tax as authorized by Article VII, Section I, Paragraph III(b)(3) of the Georgia Constitution.
(c)
(1) The amount of proceeds collected by tag agents each month as state and local title ad valorem tax fees, state salvage title ad valorem tax fees, administrative fees, penalties, and interest pursuant to subsection (b) of this Code section shall be allocated and disbursed as provided in this subsection.
(2) For the 2013 tax year and in each subsequent tax year, the amount of such funds shall be disbursed within 20 days following the end of each calendar month as follows:
(A) State title ad valorem tax fees, state salvage title ad valorem tax fees, administrative fees, penalties, and interest shall be remitted to the state revenue commissioner who shall deposit such proceeds in the general fund of the state less an amount to be retained by the tag agent not to exceed 1 percent of the total amount otherwise required to be remitted under this subparagraph to defray the cost of administration. Such retained amount shall be remitted to the collecting county's general fund. Failure by the tag agent to disburse within such 20 day period shall result in a forfeiture of such administrative fee plus interest on such amount at the rate specified in Code Section 48-2-40; and
(B) Local title ad valorem tax fees, administrative fees, penalties, and interest shall be designated as local government ad valorem tax funds. The tag agent shall then distribute the proceeds as specified in paragraph (3) of this subsection, less an amount to be retained by the tag agent not to exceed 1 percent of the total amount otherwise required to be remitted under this subparagraph to defray the cost of administration. Such retained amount shall be remitted to the collecting county's general fund. Failure by the tag agent to disburse within such 20 day period shall result in a forfeiture of such administrative fee plus interest on such amount at the rate specified in Code Section 48-2-40.
(3) Beginning July 1, 2019, the portion of the title ad valorem tax fee proceeds to be retained by the county pursuant to division (b)(1)(B)(iii) of this Code section shall be distributed as follows:
(A) The tag agent of the county shall within 20 days following the end of each calendar month allocate and distribute to the water and sewerage authority for which the county has levied an ad valorem tax in accordance with a local constitutional amendment, and in a county in which a sales and use tax is levied for purposes of a metropolitan area system of public transportation, as authorized by the amendment to the Constitution set out at Ga. L. 1964, p. 1008, the governing body of the transportation authority created by the Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority Act of 1965, Ga. L. 1965, p. 2243, as amended, and the amendment to the Constitution set out at Ga. L. 1964, p. 1008, an amount of those proceeds necessary to offset any reduction in:
(i) Ad valorem taxes on motor vehicles collected under Chapter 5 of this title on behalf of such water and sewerage authority during calendar year 2012; and
(ii) With respect to the transportation authority, the monthly average portion of the sales and use tax levied for purposes of a metropolitan area system of public transportation applicable to any motor vehicle titled in a county which levied such tax in 2012.

Such amount of tax under division (ii) of this subparagraph may be determined by the commissioner for counties which levied such tax in 2012, and in any counties which subsequently levy a tax pursuant to a metropolitan area system of public transportation, as authorized by the amendment to the Constitution set out at Ga. L. 1964, p. 1008, the governing body of the transportation authority created by the Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority Act of 1965, Ga. L. 1965, p. 2243, as amended, and the amendment to the Constitution set out at Ga. L. 1964, p. 1008, the commissioner may determine what amount of sales and use tax would have been collected in calendar year 2012, had such tax been levied. The amount of the reduction to be offset under this subparagraph with respect to division (i) of this subparagraph shall be calculated by the county governing authority by subtracting the amount of title ad valorem tax on motor vehicles collected under Chapter 5 of this title on behalf of such water and sewerage authority in the current calendar month from one-twelfth of the amount of such ad valorem tax on motor vehicles collected on behalf of such water and sewerage authority in calendar year 2012. The amount of the reduction to be offset under this subparagraph with respect to division (ii) of this subparagraph shall be calculated by the county governing authority by subtracting the amount of sales tax collected or determined to have been collected on such motor vehicles by the state revenue commissioner in the current calendar month in any such county from one-twelfth of the amount of sales and use tax collected, or determined to have been collected, on such motor vehicles, by the state revenue commissioner in calendar year 2012 in such county. In the event that the local title ad valorem tax proceeds are insufficient to offset fully such reduction in ad valorem taxes on motor vehicles or the portion of the sales and use tax described in division (ii) of this subparagraph, the tag agent shall allocate a proportionate amount of the proceeds to such water and sewerage authority and the transportation authority, as appropriate, and any remaining shortfall shall be paid from the following month's local title ad valorem tax fee proceeds. In the event that a shortfall remains, the tag agent shall continue to first allocate local title ad valorem tax fee proceeds to offset such shortfalls until the shortfall has been fully repaid;

(B) As to the proceeds remaining after the distribution provided for in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, with regard to the proceeds associated with and collected on motor vehicle titles for motor vehicles registered in the unincorporated areas of the county, the tag agent of the county shall within 20 days following the end of each calendar month allocate and distribute 51 percent of such proceeds to the county governing authority and distribute 49 percent of such proceeds to the board of education of the county school district; and
(C) As to the proceeds remaining after the distribution provided for in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, with regard to the proceeds associated with and collected on motor vehicle titles for motor vehicles registered in the incorporated areas of the county, the tag agent of the county shall within 20 days following the end of each calendar month allocate such proceeds by the municipality from which the proceeds were derived and then, for each such municipality, distribute 23 percent of such proceeds to the county governing authority and 28 percent of such proceeds to the governing authority of such municipality, and the remaining 49 percent of such proceeds shall be distributed to the board of education of the county school district; provided, however, that, if there is an independent school district in such municipality, then 23 percent of such proceeds shall be distributed to the county governing authority and 34 percent of such proceeds shall be distributed to the governing authority of such municipality and the remaining 43 percent of such proceeds shall be distributed to the board of education of the independent school district.
(d)
(1)
(A) Upon the death of an owner of a motor vehicle which has not become subject to paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section, the immediate family member or immediate family members of such owner who receive such motor vehicle pursuant to a will or under the rules of inheritance shall, subsequent to the transfer of title of such motor vehicle, continue to be subject to ad valorem tax under Chapter 5 of this title and shall not be subject to the state and local title ad valorem tax fees provided for in paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section unless the immediate family member or immediate family members make an affirmative written election to become subject to paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section. In the event of such election, such transfer shall be subject to the state and local title ad valorem tax fees provided for in paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section.
(B) Upon the death of an owner of a motor vehicle which has become subject to paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section, the immediate family member or immediate family members of such owner who receive such motor vehicle pursuant to a will or under the rules of inheritance shall be subject to a state title ad valorem tax fee in an amount equal to one-quarter of 1 percent of the fair market value of the motor vehicle and a local title ad valorem tax fee in an amount equal to one-quarter of 1 percent of the fair market value of the motor vehicle. Such title ad valorem tax fees shall be an alternative ad valorem tax as authorized by Article VII, Section I, Paragraph III(b)(3) of the Georgia Constitution.
(2)
(A) Upon the transfer from an immediate family member of a motor vehicle which has not become subject to paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section, the immediate family member or immediate family members who receive such motor vehicle shall, subsequent to the transfer of title of such motor vehicle, continue to be subject to ad valorem tax under Chapter 5 of this title and shall not be subject to the state and local title ad valorem tax fees provided for in paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section unless the immediate family member or immediate family members make an affirmative written election to become subject to paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section. In the event of such election, such transfer shall be subject to the state and local title ad valorem tax fees provided for in paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section.
(B) Upon the transfer from an immediate family member of a motor vehicle which has become subject to paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section, the immediate family member who receives such motor vehicle shall transfer title of such motor vehicle to such recipient family member and shall be subject to a state title ad valorem tax fee in an amount equal to one-quarter of 1 percent of the fair market value of the motor vehicle and a local title ad valorem tax fee in an amount equal to one-quarter of 1 percent of the fair market value of the motor vehicle. Such title ad valorem tax fees shall be an alternative ad valorem tax as authorized by Article VII, Section I, Paragraph III(b)(3) of the Georgia Constitution.
(C) Any title transfer under this paragraph shall be accompanied by an affidavit of the transferor and transferee that such persons are immediate family members to one another. There shall be a penalty imposed on any person who, in the determination of the state revenue commissioner, falsifies any material information in such affidavit. Such penalty shall not exceed $2,500.00 as a state penalty and shall not exceed $2,500.00 as a local penalty as determined by the state revenue commissioner. Such determination shall be made within 60 days of the state revenue commissioner receiving information of a possible violation of this paragraph.
(3) Any individual who:
(A) Is required by law to register a motor vehicle or motor vehicles in this state which were registered in the state in which such person formerly resided; and
(B) Is required to file an application for a certificate of title under Code Section 40-3-21 or 40-3-32

shall be required to pay state and local title ad valorem tax fees in an amount equal to 3 percent of the fair market value of the motor vehicle.

(4) The state and local title ad valorem tax fees provided for under this Code section shall not apply to corrected titles, replacement titles under Code Section 40-3-31, or titles reissued to the same owner pursuant to Code Sections 40-3-50 through 40-3-56.
(5) Any motor vehicle subject to state and local title ad valorem tax fees under paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section shall continue to be subject to the title, license plate, revalidation decal, and registration requirements and applicable fees as otherwise provided in Title 40 in the same manner as motor vehicles which are not subject to state and local title ad valorem tax fees under paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section.
(6) Motor vehicles owned or leased by or to the state or any county, consolidated government, municipality, county or independent school district, or other government entity in this state shall not be subject to the state and local title ad valorem tax fees provided for under paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section; provided, however, that such other government entity shall not qualify for the exclusion under this paragraph unless it is exempt from ad valorem tax and sales and use tax pursuant to general law.
(7)
(A) Any motor vehicle which is exempt from sales and use tax pursuant to paragraph (30) of Code Section 48-8-3 shall be exempt from state and local title ad valorem tax fees under this subsection.
(B) Any motor vehicle which is exempt from ad valorem taxation pursuant to Code Section 48-5-478, 48-5-478.1, 48-5-478.2, or 48-5-478.3 shall be exempt from state and local title ad valorem tax fees under paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section.
(C) Each disabled first responder shall be allowed an exemption from state and local title ad valorem tax fees under paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section levied on a maximum of $50,000.00 in aggregate of the fair market value combined for all motor vehicles that he or she registers in this state during any three-year period.
(7.1)
(A) As used in this paragraph, the term "for-hire charter bus or motor coach" means a motor vehicle designed for carrying more than 15 passengers and used for the transportation of persons for compensation.
(B) In the case of for-hire charter buses or motor coaches, the person applying for a certificate of title shall be required to pay title ad valorem tax fees in the amount of 50 percent of the amount which would otherwise be due and payable under this subsection at the time of filing the application for a certificate of title, and the remaining 50 percent shall be paid within 12 months following the filing of such application.
(8) There shall be a penalty imposed on the transfer of all or any part of the interest in a business entity that includes primarily as an asset of such business entity one or more motor vehicles, when, in the determination of the state revenue commissioner, such transfer is done to evade the payment of state and local title ad valorem tax fees under this subsection. Such penalty shall not exceed $2,500.00 as a state penalty per motor vehicle and shall not exceed $2,500.00 as a local penalty per motor vehicle, as determined by the state revenue commissioner, plus the amount of the state and local title ad valorem tax fees. Such determination shall be made within 60 days of the state revenue commissioner receiving information that a transfer may be in violation of this paragraph.
(9) Any owner of any motor vehicle who fails to submit within 30 days of the date such owner is required by law to register such vehicle in this state an application for a first certificate of title under Code Section 40-3-21 or a certificate of title under Code Section 40-3-32 shall be required to pay a penalty in the amount of 10 percent of the state title ad valorem tax fees and 10 percent of the local title ad valorem tax fees required under this Code section and, if such state and local title ad valorem tax fees and the penalty are not paid within 60 days following the date such owner is required by law to register such vehicle, interest at the rate of 1 percent per month shall be imposed on the state and local title ad valorem tax fees due under this Code section, unless a temporary permit has been issued by the tax commissioner. The tax commissioner shall grant a temporary permit in the event the failure to timely apply for a first certificate of title is due to the failure of a lienholder to comply with Code Section 40-3-56, regarding release of a security interest or lien, and no penalty or interest shall be assessed. Such penalty and interest shall be in addition to the penalty and fee required under Code Section 40-3-21 or 40-3-32, as applicable.
(10) The owner of any motor vehicle for which a title was issued in this state on or after January 1, 2012, and prior to March 1, 2013, shall be authorized to opt in to the provisions of this subsection at any time prior to February 28, 2014, upon compliance with the following requirements:
(A)
(i) The total amount of Georgia state and local title ad valorem tax fees which would be due from March 1, 2013, to December 31, 2013, if such vehicle had been titled in 2013 shall be determined; and
(ii) The total amount of Georgia state and local sales and use tax and Georgia state and local ad valorem tax under Chapter 5 of this title which were due and paid in 2012 for that motor vehicle and, if applicable, the total amount of such taxes which were due and paid for that motor vehicle in 2013 and 2014 shall be determined; and
(B)
(i) If the amount derived under division (i) of subparagraph (A) of this paragraph is greater than the amount derived under division (ii) of subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, the owner shall remit the difference to the tag agent. Such remittance shall be deemed local title ad valorem tax fee proceeds; or
(ii) If the amount derived under division (i) of subparagraph (A) of this paragraph is less than the amount derived under division (ii) of subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, no additional amount shall be due and payable by the owner.

Upon certification by the tag agent of compliance with the requirements of this paragraph, such motor vehicle shall not be subject to ad valorem tax as otherwise required under Chapter 5 of this title in the same manner as otherwise provided in paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section.

(11)
(A) In the case of rental motor vehicles owned by a rental motor vehicle concern, the state title ad valorem tax fee shall be in an amount equal to .625 percent of the fair market value of the motor vehicle, and the local title ad valorem tax fee shall be in an amount equal to .625 percent of the fair market value of the motor vehicle, but only if in the immediately prior calendar year the average amount of sales and use tax attributable to the rental charge of each such rental motor vehicle was at least $400.00 as certified by the state revenue commissioner. If, in the immediately prior calendar year, the average amount of sales and use tax attributable to the rental charge of each such rental motor vehicle was not at least $400.00, this paragraph shall not apply and such vehicles shall be subject to the state and local title ad valorem tax fees prescribed in division (b)(1)(B)(ii) of this Code section.
(B) Such title ad valorem tax fees shall be an alternative ad valorem tax as authorized by Article VII, Section I, Paragraph III(b)(3) of the Georgia Constitution.
(12) A loaner vehicle shall not be subject to state and local title ad valorem tax fees under paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section for a period of time not to exceed 366 days commencing on the date such loaner vehicle is withdrawn temporarily from inventory. Immediately upon the expiration of such 366 day period, if the dealer does not return the loaner vehicle to inventory for resale, the dealer shall be responsible for remitting state and local title ad valorem tax fees in the same manner as otherwise required of an owner under paragraph (9) of this subsection and shall be subject to the same penalties and interest as an owner for noncompliance with the requirements of paragraph (9) of this subsection.
(13) Any motor vehicle which is donated to a nonprofit organization exempt from taxation under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code shall, when titled in the name of such nonprofit organization, not be subject to state and local title ad valorem tax fees under paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section but shall be subject to state and local title ad valorem tax fees in the amount of 1 percent of the fair market value of the motor vehicle. Such title ad valorem tax fees shall be an alternative ad valorem tax as authorized by Article VII, Section I, Paragraph III(b)(3) of the Georgia Constitution.
(14)
(A) A lessor of motor vehicles that leases motor vehicles for more than 31 consecutive days to lessees residing in this state shall register with the department. The department shall collect an annual fee of $100.00 for such registrations. Failure of a lessor to register under this subparagraph shall subject such lessor to a civil penalty of $2,500.00.
(B) A lessee residing in this state who leases a motor vehicle under this paragraph shall register such motor vehicle with the tag agent in such lessee's county of residence within 30 days of the commencement of the lease of such motor vehicle or beginning residence in this state, whichever is later.
(C) A lessor that leases a motor vehicle under this paragraph to a lessee residing in this state shall apply for a certificate of title in this state within 30 days of the commencement of the lease of such motor vehicle.
(15) There shall be no liability for any state or local title ad valorem tax fees in any of the following title transactions:
(A) The addition or substitution of lienholders on a motor vehicle title so long as the owner of the motor vehicle remains the same;
(B) The acquisition of a bonded title by a person or entity pursuant to Code Section 40-3-28 if the title is to be issued in the name of such person or entity;
(C) The acquisition of a title to a motor vehicle by a person or entity as a result of the foreclosure of a mechanic's lien pursuant to Code Section 40-3-54 if such title is to be issued in the name of such lienholder;
(D) The acquisition of a title to an abandoned motor vehicle by a person or entity pursuant to Chapter 11 of Title 40 if such person or entity is a manufacturer or dealer of motor vehicles and the title is to be issued in the name of such person or entity;
(E) The obtaining of a title to a stolen motor vehicle by a person or entity pursuant to Code Section 40-3-43;
(F) The obtaining of a title by and in the name of a motor vehicle manufacturer, licensed distributor, licensed dealer, or licensed rebuilder for the purpose of sale or resale or to obtain a corrected title, provided that the manufacturer, distributor, dealer, or rebuilder shall submit an affidavit in a form promulgated by the commissioner attesting that the transfer of title is for the purpose of accomplishing a sale or resale or to correct a title only;
(G) The obtaining of a title by and in the name of the holder of a security interest when a motor vehicle has been repossessed after default in accordance with Part 6 of Article 9 of Title 11 if such title is to be issued in the name of such security interest holder;
(H) The obtaining of a title by a person or entity for purposes of correcting a title, changing an odometer reading, or removing an odometer discrepancy legend, provided that, subject to subparagraph (F) of this paragraph, title is not being transferred to another person or entity;
(I) The obtaining of a title by a person who pays state and local title ad valorem tax fees on a motor vehicle and subsequently moves out of this state but returns and applies to retitle such vehicle in this state;
(J) The obtaining of a replacement title on a vehicle that is not less than 15 years old upon sufficient proof provided to the commissioner that such title no longer exists;
(K) The transfer of a title made as a result of a business reorganization when the owners, partners, members, or stockholders of the business being reorganized maintain the same proportionate interest or share in the newly formed business reorganization;
(L) The transfer of a title from a company to an owner of the company for the purpose of such individual obtaining a prestige or special license plate for the motor vehicle;
(M) The transfer of a title from an owner of a company to the company; and
(N) The transfer of a title from one legal entity in which an individual holds an ownership interest of at least 50 percent to another legal entity in which the same individual holds an ownership interest of at least 50 percent, provided that the alternative ad valorem tax imposed by this chapter has been levied on such motor vehicle and has been paid by the transferring entity or such individual.
(16) It shall be unlawful for a person to fail to obtain a title for and register a motor vehicle in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. Any person who knowingly and willfully fails to obtain a title for or register a motor vehicle in accordance with the provisions of this chapter shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
(17)
(A) Any person who purchases a 1963 through 1989 model year motor vehicle for which such person obtains a title shall be subject to this Code section, but the state title ad valorem tax fee shall be in an amount equal to 0.5 percent of the fair market value of such motor vehicle, and the local title ad valorem tax fee shall be in an amount equal to 0.5 percent of the fair market value of such motor vehicle.
(B) The owner of a 1962 or earlier model year motor vehicle who obtains a conditional title pursuant to Code Section 40-3-21.1 for such motor vehicle shall be authorized to opt in to the provisions of this subsection upon the payment of a state title ad valorem tax fee in an amount equal to 0.5 percent of the fair market value of such motor vehicle and a local title ad valorem tax fee in an amount equal to 0.5 percent of the fair market value of such motor vehicle. Upon certification by the tag agent of compliance with the requirements of this subparagraph, such motor vehicle shall not be subject to ad valorem tax as otherwise required under Chapter 5 of this title in the same manner as otherwise provided in paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section.
(18)
(A) Upon the transfer of title as the result of a divorce decree or court order of a motor vehicle which has not become subject to paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section, the person who receives such motor vehicle shall, subsequent to the transfer of title of such motor vehicle, continue to be subject to the ad valorem tax under Chapter 5 of this title and shall not be subject to the state and local title ad valorem tax fees provided for in paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section unless such person makes an affirmative written election to become subject to paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section. In the event of such election, such transfer shall be subject to the state and local title ad valorem tax fees provided for in paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section.
(B) Upon the transfer of title as the result of a divorce decree or court order of a motor vehicle which has become subject to paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of this Code section, the person who receives such motor vehicle shall, at the time of the transfer of title of such motor vehicle, be subject to a state title ad valorem tax fee in an amount equal to one-half of 1 percent of the fair market value of the motor vehicle and a local title ad valorem tax fee in an amount equal to one-half of 1 percent of the fair market value of the motor vehicle. Such title ad valorem tax fees shall be an alternative ad valorem tax as authorized by Article VII, Section I, Paragraph III(b)(3) of the Georgia Constitution.
(C) Any title transfer under this paragraph shall be accompanied by an affidavit of the transferee that such transfer is pursuant to a divorce decree or court order, and the transferee shall attach such decree or order to the affidavit. There shall be a penalty imposed on any person who, in the determination of the state revenue commissioner, falsifies any material information in such affidavit. Such penalty shall not exceed $2,500.00 as a state penalty and shall not exceed $2,500.00 as a local penalty as determined by the state revenue commissioner. Such determination shall be made within 60 days of the state revenue commissioner receiving information of a possible violation of this paragraph.
(e) The fair market value of any motor vehicle subject to this Code section shall be appealable in the same manner as otherwise authorized for a motor vehicle subject to ad valorem taxation under Code Section 48-5-450; provided, however, that the person appealing the fair market value shall first pay the full amount of the state and local title ad valorem tax prior to filing any appeal. If the appeal is successful, the amount of the tax owed shall be recalculated and, if the amount paid by the person appealing the determination of fair market value is greater than the recalculated tax owed, the person shall be promptly given a refund of the difference.
(f) Beginning in 2014, on or before January 31 of each year, the department shall provide a report to the chairpersons of the House Committee on Ways and Means and the Senate Finance Committee showing the state and local title ad valorem tax fee revenues collected pursuant to this chapter and the motor vehicle ad valorem tax proceeds collected pursuant to Chapter 5 of this title during the preceding calendar year.
(g) A motor vehicle dealer shall be authorized to apply to the county tag agent of the county in which such motor vehicle is registered for a refund of state and local title ad valorem taxes on behalf of the person who purchased a motor vehicle from such dealer. Such dealer shall promptly pay to such purchaser any refund received by the dealer which is owed to the purchaser, and in any event, such payment shall be made no later than ten days following the receipt of such refund by the dealer. The county tag agent shall approve or deny the request for refund within 30 days after the filing of the application for refund. If the county tag agent denies the refund, the county tag agent shall specify the reasons for such denial. The motor vehicle dealer shall be authorized to appeal such denial to the commissioner within 30 days following such denial.

OCGA § 48-5C-1

Amended by 2021 Ga. Laws 169,§ 1, eff. 1/1/2022.
Amended by 2020 Ga. Laws 495,§ 1, eff. 1/1/2021.
Amended by 2020 Ga. Laws 521,§ 48, eff. 7/29/2020.
Amended by 2020 Ga. Laws 373,§ 1, eff. 6/29/2020.
Amended by 2019 Ga. Laws 321,§ 48, eff. 5/12/2019.
Amended by 2019 Ga. Laws 300,§ 4, eff. 1/1/2020.
Amended by 2019 Ga. Laws 300,§ 3, eff. 1/1/2020.
Amended by 2019 Ga. Laws 300,§ 2, eff. 1/1/2020.
Amended by 2019 Ga. Laws 300,§ 1, eff. 1/1/2020.
Amended by 2019 Ga. Laws 283,§ 3, eff. 7/1/2019.
Amended by 2018 Ga. Laws 367,§ 1, eff. 7/1/2019.
Amended by 2018 Ga. Laws 284,§ 2-1, eff. 7/1/2018.
Amended by 2017 Ga. Laws 197,§ 1, eff. 1/1/2018.
Amended by 2016 Ga. Laws 625,§ 48, eff. 5/3/2016.
Amended by 2016 Ga. Laws 571,§ 3, eff. 7/1/2016.
Amended by 2015 Ga. Laws 193,§ 23, eff. 1/1/2016.
Amended by 2015 Ga. Laws 9,§ 48, eff. 3/13/2015.
Amended by 2013 Ga. Laws 33,§ 48, eff. 4/24/2013.
Amended by 2013 Ga. Laws 14,§ 4, eff. 4/10/2013.
Amended by 2013 Ga. Laws 8,§ 2, eff. 3/5/2013.
Added by 2012 Ga. Laws 607,§ I-1-4, eff. 3/1/2013.
See 2022 Ga. Laws 716, § 4-1.