Colo. R. Civ. P. 238

As amended through Rule Change 2021(22), effective October 14, 2021
Rule 238 - Contempt Proceedings; General
(a) If the Committee determines that contempt proceedings shall be instituted against a respondent, such proceedings shall be commenced in the name of the People of the State of Colorado by a petition filed in the Supreme Court by the Regulation Counsel or by a member of the Bar appointed by the Supreme Court for the purpose of conducting such proceedings.
(b) The petition shall allege facts indicating that the respondent is engaged in the unauthorized practice of law and shall contain a prayer for the issuance of a contempt citation.
(c) Upon the filing of a petition, the Supreme Court may issue a citation directing the respondent to show cause why he should not be held in contempt of the Supreme Court for the unauthorized practice of law, or the Supreme Court may, in the alternative, issue a show cause order in civil injunctive proceedings which shall be governed by Rules 234 to 237. If a citation is issued, the citation shall state that a fine of not less than $2000 per incident or imprisonment may be imposed to vindicate the dignity of the Supreme Court.
(d) If a contempt citation is issued, it shall be served upon the respondent, together with a copy of the petition, as provided in Rule 4, C.R.C.P., and the citation shall specify the time for response. If a response is filed, the Supreme Court shall appoint a hearing master who shall set a date, time, and place for the appearance of the respondent, and shall give notice thereof. The notice shall be in writing. The notice shall designate the date, time, and place of the appearance. The notice shall also advise the respondent that the respondent is entitled to be represented by counsel at the appearance, to cross-examine witnesses, and to present evidence in the respondent's own behalf. The giving of notice shall be sufficient when made by certified mail sent to the respondent at the respondent's last known address.
(e) Proceedings for the hearing of a contempt citation before a hearing master shall be held in any county designated by the hearing master that is convenient to the participants.
(f) If the respondent has been served with a citation and fails to respond to the citation or appear before the hearing master at the time and place designated in the notice issued by the hearing master, a warrant for the arrest of the respondent may be issued by the hearing master without prior approval of the Supreme Court. The warrant shall fix the time and place for the production of the respondent before the hearing master. The hearing master shall direct by endorsement on the warrant the amount of bail required, and the respondent shall be discharged upon the delivery to and approval by the sheriff or the Clerk of the Supreme Court of a written undertaking executed by a sufficient surety, to the effect that the respondent will appear at the time and place designated in the warrant and at any time thereafter to which the hearing on the citation may be continued, or pay the sum specified. Any funds surrendered as bail shall be deposited with the Clerk of the Supreme Court or with the Clerk of the District court in the county where the proceedings are to be held. If the respondent fails to appear at the time designated in the warrant, or at any time to which the hearing may be continued, the undertaking may be forfeited upon order of the hearing master. If the respondent fails to make bond, the sheriff shall keep the respondent in custody and produce the respondent before the hearing master at the time and place fixed by the warrant.
(g) At all hearings before the hearing master, witnesses shall be sworn and a complete record made of all proceedings had and testimony taken. The citation shall be prosecuted by the Regulation Counsel of the State of Colorado or by such duly licensed and registered members of the Bar as may be designated by this Court.
(h) The Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure shall be applicable when not inconsistent with these rules. Subject to any limitations in the order of reference, the hearing master shall have the powers generally reposed in a "court" under the Colorado Rules of Civil Procedure.
(i) The parties may procure the attendance of witnesses before the hearing master by the issuance of subpoenas in the name of the Supreme Court, which may be issued by the hearing master or Clerk of the Supreme Court upon the request of a party. All such subpoenas shall be subject to the provisions of C.R.C.P. 45. Failure or refusal, without adequate excuse, to comply with any such subpoena shall be a contempt of the Supreme Court and may be punished accordingly. The parties shall have the right to be present at all times during the hearings before the hearing master and to examine and cross-examine witnesses.

C.R.C.P. 238

Source: a and d to i amended and adopted December 14, 1995, effective January 1, 1996; a and g amended and adopted October 29, 1998, effective January 1, 1999; c amended and adopted December 14, 2006, effective January 1, 2007.

Annotation The court cannot permit an unlicensed person to commit acts which it would condemn if done by a lawyer. Unauthorized Practice of Law Comm. v. Grimes, 654 P.2d 822 (Colo. 1982).