6 Cited authorities

  1. Gillespie v. Civiletti

    629 F.2d 637 (9th Cir. 1980)   Cited 2,775 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Holding that where a plaintiff is unaware of the identity of alleged defendants, "plaintiff should be given an opportunity through discovery to identify the unknown defendants, unless it is clear that discovery would not uncover the identities or that the complaint would be dismissed on other grounds"
  2. GTE New Media Services Inc. v. BellSouth Corp.

    199 F.3d 1343 (D.C. Cir. 2000)   Cited 477 times
    Holding that personal jurisdiction could not be based upon "mere accessibility to an Internet site in the District" where defendants had "no other contacts with the District of Columbia"
  3. Rule 15 - Amended and Supplemental Pleadings

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 15   Cited 91,068 times   91 Legal Analyses
    Finding that, per N.Y. C.P.L.R. § 1024, New York law provides a more forgiving principle for relation back in the context of naming John Doe defendants described with particularity in the complaint
  4. Rule 4 - Summons

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 4   Cited 69,563 times   122 Legal Analyses
    Holding that if defendant is not served within 90 days after the complaint is filed, the court—on a motion, or on its own following notice to the plaintiff—must dismiss the action without prejudice against that defendant or order that service be made by a certain time
  5. Rule 11 - Signing Pleadings, Motions, and Other Papers; Representations to the Court; Sanctions

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 11   Cited 35,964 times   145 Legal Analyses
    Holding an "unrepresented party" to the same standard as an attorney
  6. Section 507 - Limitations on actions

    17 U.S.C. § 507   Cited 832 times   67 Legal Analyses
    Prohibiting copyright-infringement claims that are filed more than three years after they accrued