41 Cited authorities

  1. Ashcroft v. Iqbal

    556 U.S. 662 (2009)   Cited 256,412 times   280 Legal Analyses
    Holding for a complaint to survive Rule 12(b), it must "state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face"
  2. Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly

    550 U.S. 544 (2007)   Cited 270,095 times   367 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a complaint's allegations should "contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to 'state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face' "
  3. Heck v. Humphrey

    512 U.S. 477 (1994)   Cited 29,539 times   25 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a Section 1983 plaintiff may not seek damages for an allegedly unconstitutional conviction or sentence unless the conviction or sentence has been invalidated
  4. Will v. Michigan Dept. of State Police

    491 U.S. 58 (1989)   Cited 24,432 times
    Holding that official capacity state officer suits for prospective injunctive relief are suits against a "person" under § 1983 even though a "State" is not a "person" under that statute
  5. Preiser v. Rodriguez

    411 U.S. 475 (1973)   Cited 18,260 times   11 Legal Analyses
    Holding that because the prisoners sought the restoration of good time credits—and consequently speedier release—their claims implicated the duration of their confinement such that their sole remedy was by writ of habeas corpus
  6. Younger v. Harris

    401 U.S. 37 (1971)   Cited 16,937 times   14 Legal Analyses
    Holding that it was improper for the district court in that case to enjoin a state prosecution against Younger, in light of "the national policy forbidding federal courts to stay or enjoin pending state court proceedings except under special circumstances"
  7. Allen v. McCurry

    449 U.S. 90 (1980)   Cited 5,780 times   3 Legal Analyses
    Holding that under res judicata, parties may not "relitigat[e] issues that were or could have been raised" in a prior action
  8. Jett v. Dallas Independent School District

    491 U.S. 701 (1989)   Cited 3,151 times   9 Legal Analyses
    Holding that section 1983 is "the exclusive federal remedy for violation of" section 1981 "by state governmental units"
  9. Migra v. Warren City School District Board of Education

    465 U.S. 75 (1984)   Cited 3,561 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Holding "that petitioner's state-court judgment in litigation [had] the same claim preclusive effect in federal court that the judgment would have in the . . . state courts"
  10. Parklane Hosiery Co. v. Shore

    439 U.S. 322 (1979)   Cited 4,253 times   8 Legal Analyses
    Holding that district courts have discretion to refuse to apply offensive non-mutual collateral estoppel against a defendant if such an application of the doctrine would be unfair
  11. Section 1983 - Civil action for deprivation of rights

    42 U.S.C. § 1983   Cited 492,016 times   695 Legal Analyses
    Holding liable any state actor who "subjects, or causes [a person] to be subjected" to a constitutional violation
  12. Rule 12 - Defenses and Objections: When and How Presented; Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings; Consolidating Motions; Waiving Defenses; Pretrial Hearing

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 12   Cited 349,819 times   936 Legal Analyses
    Granting the court discretion to exclude matters outside the pleadings presented to the court in defense of a motion to dismiss
  13. Section 2254 - State custody; remedies in Federal courts

    28 U.S.C. § 2254   Cited 205,913 times   341 Legal Analyses
    Holding that "a determination of a factual issue made by a State court shall be presumed to be correct" and "[t]he applicant shall have the burden of rebutting the presumption of correctness by clear and convincing evidence"
  14. Rule 41 - Dismissal of Actions

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 41   Cited 110,185 times   197 Legal Analyses
    Holding that such dismissal "operates as an adjudication on the merits"
  15. Section 1738 - State and Territorial statutes and judicial proceedings; full faith and credit

    28 U.S.C. § 1738   Cited 7,551 times   15 Legal Analyses
    Referring to "[t]he Acts of the legislature" in the full faith and credit context
  16. Section 18.2-361 - Crimes against nature; penalty

    Va. Code § 18.2-361   Cited 39 times

    A. If any person carnally knows in any manner any brute animal or voluntarily submits to such carnal knowledge, he is guilty of a Class 6 felony. B. Any person who performs or causes to be performed cunnilingus, fellatio, anilingus, or anal intercourse upon or by his daughter or granddaughter, son or grandson, brother or sister, or father or mother is guilty of a Class 5 felony. However, if a parent or grandparent commits any such act with his child or grandchild and such child or grandchild is at

  17. Section 8.01-389 - Judicial records as evidence; full faith and credit; recitals in deeds, deeds of trust, and mortgages; "records" defined; certification

    Va. Code § 8.01-389   Cited 7 times
    Requiring every court in the Commonwealth to give the "records of courts not of this Commonwealth the full faith and credit given to them in the courts of the jurisdiction from whence they come"