28 Cited authorities

  1. Salinas v. United States

    522 U.S. 52 (1997)   Cited 1,004 times   7 Legal Analyses
    Holding that RICO’s conspiracy provision "does not ... excuse from [its] reach ... an actor who does not himself commit ... the two or more predicate acts requisite to the underlying offense"
  2. Holder v. Humanitarian Law Project

    561 U.S. 1 (2010)   Cited 592 times   5 Legal Analyses
    Holding that plaintiffs cannot prevail in a vagueness challenge by "pointing to hypothetical situations designed to test the limits" of certain statutory terms, when their own case presented no such problem
  3. People v. Albillar

    51 Cal.4th 47 (Cal. 2010)   Cited 1,347 times
    Holding that "if substantial evidence establishes that the defendant intended to and did commit the charged felony with known members of a gang, the jury may fairly infer that the defendant had the specific intent to promote, further, or assist criminal conduct by those gang members"
  4. Iannelli v. United States

    420 U.S. 770 (1975)   Cited 1,125 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the conspiratorial agreement may be proved by circumstantial evidence, including the acts and conduct of the coconspirators and the inferences that may be drawn from their acts
  5. People v. Rodriguez

    55 Cal.4th 1125 (Cal. 2012)   Cited 441 times
    Discussing CPC § 186.22
  6. People v. Homick

    55 Cal.4th 816 (Cal. 2012)   Cited 416 times
    Stating that the element of agreeing to commit a crime "must often be proved circumstantially"
  7. People v. Mesa

    54 Cal.4th 191 (Cal. 2012)   Cited 309 times
    In Mesa, the defendant was sentenced on an assault with a firearm that also served as the basis for his conviction for actively participating in a criminal street gang, for which the court also sentenced the defendant.
  8. Scales v. United States

    367 U.S. 203 (1961)   Cited 361 times
    Holding that a statute criminalizing membership in an organization offends due process if it "impermissibly imputes guilt to an individual merely on the basis of his associations and sympathies, rather than because of some concrete personal involvement in criminal conduct"
  9. People v. Castenada

    23 Cal.4th 743 (Cal. 2000)   Cited 297 times
    Finding that legislature's wording of "actively participates," as contained in Cal. Penal Code § 186.22, is not void for vagueness
  10. Delaney v. Superior Court

    50 Cal.3d 785 (Cal. 1990)   Cited 342 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the use of "all" in a constitutional provision precluded any exceptions
  11. Section 1962 - Prohibited activities

    18 U.S.C. § 1962   Cited 12,955 times   39 Legal Analyses
    Participating in the affairs of an enterprise through a pattern of racketeering activity