25 Cited authorities

  1. Chapman v. California

    386 U.S. 18 (1967)   Cited 21,696 times   28 Legal Analyses
    Holding that error is harmless only if "harmless beyond a reasonable doubt"
  2. People v. Coffman and Marlow

    34 Cal.4th 1 (Cal. 2004)   Cited 1,549 times
    Finding "[a]ny error in failing to instruct on second degree implied-malice murder as a lesser included offense of premeditated and deliberate first degree murder was harmless, because the factual question posed by the omitted instruction necessarily was resolved unfavorably to Coffman under the instructions on the special circumstance allegations, which required a finding of intent to kill."
  3. People v. Prettyman

    14 Cal.4th 248 (Cal. 1996)   Cited 1,009 times
    Holding that CALJIC 3.01 and 3.02 which the judge also gave at Solis' trial "[do] not withdraw an element from the jury's determination or otherwise interject an impermissible presumption into the deliberative process"
  4. People v. Olguin

    31 Cal.App.4th 1355 (Cal. Ct. App. 1994)   Cited 1,001 times
    Holding "police officers testifying as gang experts present an adequate foundation for their opinions where they base their testimony on personal observations of and discussions with gang members as well as information from other officers and the department's files"
  5. People v. Medina

    46 Cal.4th 913 (Cal. 2009)   Cited 599 times
    Finding sufficient evidence that the nontarget offenses of murder and attempted murder were a natural and probable consequence of the target offense of simple assault, which defendants aided and abetted
  6. People v. Gonzales

    52 Cal.4th 254 (Cal. 2011)   Cited 527 times
    Finding the failure to give jury instructions on accomplice testimony harmless where the jury was given witness credibility instructions CALJIC Nos. 2.20 and 2.21.2
  7. People v. Lee

    31 Cal.4th 613 (Cal. 2003)   Cited 491 times
    In People v. Lee, 31 Cal.4th 613, 623-24, 3 Cal.Rptr.3d 402, 74 P.3d 176 (2003), the California Supreme Court spoke on the state of mind needed by an order and abettor in an attempted murder case.
  8. People v. Mendoza

    18 Cal.4th 1114 (Cal. 1998)   Cited 476 times
    Holding that "an aider and abettor 'shares the guilt of the actual perpetrator.'"
  9. People v. Cooper

    53 Cal.3d 1158 (Cal. 1991)   Cited 571 times
    Holding that because escape and asportation coincided, and there was no evidence to the contrary, erroneous instruction was harmless beyond reasonable doubt
  10. People v. Nguyen

    21 Cal.App.4th 518 (Cal. Ct. App. 1993)   Cited 434 times
    In Nguyen, supra, 21 Cal.App.4th 518, we were quite direct that the determination whether a particular crime is a natural and probable consequence of another crime aided and abetted was not to be considered in the abstract as a question of law.