579 Cited authorities

  1. Apprendi v. New Jersey

    530 U.S. 466 (2000)   Cited 21,700 times   100 Legal Analyses
    Holding that “[o]ther than the fact of a prior conviction, any fact that increases the penalty for a crime beyond the prescribed statutory maximum must be submitted to a jury, and proved beyond a reasonable doubt”
  2. Crawford v. Washington

    541 U.S. 36 (2004)   Cited 14,331 times   81 Legal Analyses
    Holding that an absent witness's statements are admissible under the Confrontation Clause "only where the declarant is unavailable, and only where the defendant [] had a prior opportunity to cross-examine"
  3. Blakely v. Washington

    542 U.S. 296 (2004)   Cited 14,042 times   17 Legal Analyses
    Holding that “[w]hen a judge inflicts punishment that the jury's verdict alone does not allow, the jury has not found all the facts ‘which the law makes essential to the punishment,’ and the judge exceeds his proper authority”
  4. Jackson v. Virginia

    443 U.S. 307 (1979)   Cited 68,611 times   16 Legal Analyses
    Holding that court must presume trier of fact resolved all inferences in favor of the prosecution "even if it does not affirmatively appear in the record"
  5. Estelle v. McGuire

    502 U.S. 62 (1991)   Cited 15,615 times   9 Legal Analyses
    Holding that federal habeas courts cannot review state court applications of state procedural rules
  6. Brecht v. Abrahamson

    507 U.S. 619 (1993)   Cited 9,509 times   27 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the Kotteakos standard applies to harmless error review on habeas appeal
  7. House v. Warden

    547 U.S. 518 (2006)   Cited 3,876 times   7 Legal Analyses
    Holding that, in order to pass through the actual-innocence gateway, a petitioner must "demonstrate that more likely than not, in light of the new evidence, no reasonable juror would find him guilty beyond a reasonable doubt."
  8. Ring v. Arizona

    536 U.S. 584 (2002)   Cited 4,523 times   51 Legal Analyses
    Holding that “[i]f a State makes an increase in a defendant's authorized punishment contingent on the finding of a fact, that fact—no matter how the State labels it—must be found by a jury beyond a reasonable doubt”
  9. Duncan v. Henry

    513 U.S. 364 (1995)   Cited 6,304 times   3 Legal Analyses
    Holding a claim raised in a state-court proceeding must be presented to that court as a federal constitutional claim or it is not exhausted for federal habeas corpus purposes
  10. Kyles v. Whitley

    514 U.S. 419 (1995)   Cited 5,958 times   36 Legal Analyses
    Holding that such a reasonable probability is shown "when the government’s evidentiary suppression undermines confidence in the outcome of the trial" (cleaned up)
  11. Section 3591 - Sentence of death

    18 U.S.C. § 3591   Cited 491 times   8 Legal Analyses
    Noting "that no person may be sentenced to death who was less than 18 years of age at the time of the offense"
  12. Section 647

    Cal. Civ. Proc. Code § 647   Cited 104 times

    All of the following are deemed excepted to: the verdict of the jury; the final decision in an action or proceeding; an interlocutory order or decision, finally determining the rights of the parties, or some of them; an order or decision from which an appeal may be taken; an order sustaining or overruling a demurrer, allowing or refusing to allow an amendment to a pleading, striking out or refusing to strike out a pleading or a portion thereof, or refusing a continuance; an order made upon ex parte

  13. Rule 4.420 - Selection of term of imprisonment

    Cal. R. 4.420   Cited 386 times

    (a) When a sentence of imprisonment is imposed, or the execution of a sentence of imprisonment is ordered suspended, the sentencing judge must select the upper, middle, or lower term on each count for which the defendant has been convicted, as provided in section 1170(b) and these rules. (b) In exercising his or her discretion in selecting one of the three authorized terms of imprisonment referred to in section 1170(b), the sentencing judge may consider circumstances in aggravation or mitigation