8 Cited authorities

  1. Ashcroft v. Iqbal

    556 U.S. 662 (2009)   Cited 254,525 times   279 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a claim is plausible where a plaintiff's allegations enable the court to draw a "reasonable inference" the defendant is liable
  2. Salahuddin v. Cuomo

    861 F.2d 40 (2d Cir. 1988)   Cited 3,168 times
    Holding that district court was "within bounds of discretion to strike or dismiss complaint for noncompliance with Rule 8" where complaint spanned "15 single-spaced pages," and contained "a surfeit of detail."
  3. Operating Local 649 Annuity Trust Fund v. Smith Barney Fund Management LLC

    595 F.3d 86 (2d Cir. 2010)   Cited 397 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a complaint must set forth "a plausible set of facts sufficient 'to raise a right to relief above the speculative level.'"
  4. Rule 12 - Defenses and Objections: When and How Presented; Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings; Consolidating Motions; Waiving Defenses; Pretrial Hearing

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 12   Cited 347,794 times   925 Legal Analyses
    Granting the court discretion to exclude matters outside the pleadings presented to the court in defense of a motion to dismiss
  5. Rule 8 - General Rules of Pleading

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 8   Cited 157,214 times   196 Legal Analyses
    Holding that "[e]very defense to a claim for relief in any pleading must be asserted in the responsive pleading. . . ."
  6. Rule 23 - Class Actions

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 23   Cited 35,084 times   1237 Legal Analyses
    Holding that, to certify a class, the court must find that "questions of law or fact common to class members predominate over any questions affecting only individual members"
  7. Section 1692 - Congressional findings and declaration of purpose

    15 U.S.C. § 1692   Cited 15,030 times   139 Legal Analyses
    Finding that abusive debt-collection practices lead to "personal bankruptcies," "marital instability," "loss of jobs," and "invasions of individual privacy"
  8. Section 1692k - Civil liability

    15 U.S.C. § 1692k   Cited 6,126 times   65 Legal Analyses
    Holding debt collectors civilly liable for illicit debt collection practices