21 Cited authorities

  1. Burger King Corp. v. Rudzewicz

    471 U.S. 462 (1985)   Cited 16,894 times   46 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a defendant has "fair warning" if he purposefully directs his activities at residents of the forum and if the litigation results from alleged injuries arising out of or relating to those activities.
  2. Helicopteros Nacionales de Colom. v. Hall

    466 U.S. 408 (1984)   Cited 9,294 times   26 Legal Analyses
    Holding that “purchases, even if occurring at regular intervals” were insufficient to establish general personal jurisdiction over a nonresident corporation
  3. Keeton v. Hustler Magazine, Inc.

    465 U.S. 770 (1984)   Cited 3,041 times   7 Legal Analyses
    Holding that, because the defendant was "carrying on a part of its general business" in the state, it was fair to subject the defendant to jurisdiction for a claim arising out of that activity
  4. Int'l Shoe Co. v. Washington

    326 U.S. 310 (1945)   Cited 22,667 times   109 Legal Analyses
    Holding that states may exercise personal jurisdiction over out-of-state defendants with "certain minimum contacts with [the forum] such that the maintenance of the suit does not offend ‘traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice’ " (quoting Milliken v. Meyer , 311 U.S. 457, 463, 61 S.Ct. 339, 85 L.Ed. 278 (1940) )
  5. Schwarzenegger v. Fred Martin Motor Co.

    374 F.3d 797 (9th Cir. 2004)   Cited 2,689 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Holding that, in the tort context, "[t]he `express aiming' analysis depends, to a significant degree, on the specific type of tort or other wrongful conduct at issue"
  6. Perkins v. Benguet Mining Co.

    342 U.S. 437 (1952)   Cited 1,822 times   4 Legal Analyses
    Holding Ohio courts could exercise general jurisdiction over a foreign corporation due to the extent and nature of the temporary operations in the state, finding such business activity was continuous and systematic
  7. Yahoo! Inc. v. La Ligue Contre Le Racisme et L'Antisemitisme

    433 F.3d 1199 (9th Cir. 2006)   Cited 937 times
    Holding that the purposeful direction test considers all of a defendant's contacts with the forum, "whether or not those contacts involve wrongful activity by the defendant"
  8. Sher v. Johnson

    911 F.2d 1357 (9th Cir. 1990)   Cited 1,039 times
    Holding that, in states with statutes identical in all relevant respects to Wash. Rev. Code § 25.05.100, the actions of one partner do not impute to another partner for purposes of personal jurisdiction
  9. Data Disc, Inc. v. Sys. Tech. Assoc., Inc.

    557 F.2d 1280 (9th Cir. 1977)   Cited 1,705 times
    Holding that a court "may not assume the truth of allegations in a pleading which are contradicted by affidavit"
  10. Cybersell, Inc. v. Cybersell, Inc.

    130 F.3d 414 (9th Cir. 1997)   Cited 563 times
    Holding that the maintenance of a passive website that contained advertisements did not even justify the exercise of specific jurisdiction over the defendant, whom the plaintiff conceded was not subject to general jurisdiction
  11. Rule 12 - Defenses and Objections: When and How Presented; Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings; Consolidating Motions; Waiving Defenses; Pretrial Hearing

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 12   Cited 347,794 times   925 Legal Analyses
    Granting the court discretion to exclude matters outside the pleadings presented to the court in defense of a motion to dismiss
  12. Rule 7 - Pleadings Allowed; Form of Motions and Other Papers

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 7   Cited 7,589 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Defining "pleadings" for purposes of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
  13. Section 49-235 - ENFORCEMENT BY PEACE OFFICERS

    Idaho Code § 49-235

    (1) The director of the Idaho state police, his officers and employees, and other peace officers as the director of the Idaho state police may authorize in writing may, upon reasonable cause, require the driver of a vehicle to stop and submit the vehicle and its equipment to an inspection and a test as may be appropriate. (2) In the event a vehicle is found to be in an unsafe condition, or the required equipment is not present, or is not in proper repair and adjustment, the officer shall give a written

  14. Section 393.53 - Automatic brake adjusters and brake adjustment indicators

    49 C.F.R. § 393.53

    (a)Automatic brake adjusters (hydraulic brake systems). Each commercial motor vehicle manufactured on or after October 20, 1993, and equipped with a hydraulic brake system, shall meet the automatic brake adjustment system requirements of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 105 ( 49 CFR 571.105 , S 5.1 ) applicable to the vehicle at the time it was manufactured. (b)Automatic brake adjusters (air brake systems). Each commercial motor vehicle manufactured on or after October 20, 1994, and equipped