66 Cited authorities

  1. Ashcroft v. Iqbal

    556 U.S. 662 (2009)   Cited 254,855 times   279 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a claim is plausible where a plaintiff's allegations enable the court to draw a "reasonable inference" the defendant is liable
  2. Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly

    550 U.S. 544 (2007)   Cited 268,629 times   366 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a complaint's allegations should "contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to 'state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face' "
  3. Professional Real Estate Investors, Inc. v. Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc.

    508 U.S. 49 (1993)   Cited 1,137 times   42 Legal Analyses
    Holding litigants immune from an antitrust claim under Noerr-Pennington immunity
  4. Brunswick Corp. v. Pueblo Bowl-O-Mat, Inc.

    429 U.S. 477 (1977)   Cited 2,068 times   20 Legal Analyses
    Holding that mere economic loss does not amount to an antitrust injury under the antitrust laws
  5. Spectrum Sports, Inc. v. McQuillan

    506 U.S. 447 (1993)   Cited 783 times   7 Legal Analyses
    Holding that proof of relevant market is essential under § 2
  6. Leegin Creative Leather Products, Inc. v. PSKS, Inc.

    551 U.S. 877 (2007)   Cited 461 times   75 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the rule of reason rather than per se illegality applies to vertical price restraints
  7. Cel-Tech Communications, Inc. v. Los Angeles Cellular Telephone Co.

    20 Cal.4th 163 (Cal. 1999)   Cited 2,433 times   22 Legal Analyses
    Holding that for an act to be "unfair," it must "threaten" a violation of law or "violate the policy or spirit of one of those laws because its effects are comparable to or the same as a violation of the law"
  8. Cargill, Inc. v. Monfort of Colorado, Inc.

    479 U.S. 104 (1986)   Cited 683 times   5 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a Clayton Act plaintiff "must show a threat of antitrust injury" to warrant injunctive relief
  9. Newcal Industries, Inc. v. IKON Office Solution

    513 F.3d 1038 (9th Cir. 2008)   Cited 853 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Holding that plaintiff who had already filed a fraud suit under the Sherman Act, Lanham Act, and RICO had standing to seek a declaration that the defendant's fraudulently procured contracts were invalid
  10. Public Serv. Comm'n v. Wycoff Co.

    344 U.S. 237 (1952)   Cited 1,337 times
    Holding that federal "judicial power does not extend to abstract questions" and the dispute in a particular case "must not be nebulous or contingent but must have taken on fixed and final shape" (internal quotation marks and alterations omitted)
  11. Rule 12 - Defenses and Objections: When and How Presented; Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings; Consolidating Motions; Waiving Defenses; Pretrial Hearing

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 12   Cited 348,148 times   927 Legal Analyses
    Granting the court discretion to exclude matters outside the pleadings presented to the court in defense of a motion to dismiss
  12. Rule 8 - General Rules of Pleading

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 8   Cited 157,408 times   196 Legal Analyses
    Holding that "[e]very defense to a claim for relief in any pleading must be asserted in the responsive pleading. . . ."
  13. Section 1367 - Supplemental jurisdiction

    28 U.S.C. § 1367   Cited 62,220 times   78 Legal Analyses
    Holding that in civil actions proceeding in federal court based solely on diversity jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1332, the district court "shall not have supplemental jurisdiction" over "claims by plaintiffs against persons made parties under Rule . . . 24" or "over claims by persons . . seeking to intervene as plaintiffs under Rule 24," if "exercising supplemental jurisdiction over such claims would be inconsistent with the jurisdictional requirements of section 1332"
  14. Section 17200 - Unfair competition defined

    Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 17200   Cited 17,919 times   315 Legal Analyses
    Prohibiting unlawful business practices
  15. Section 16727 - Unlawful condition that lessee or purchaser not use goods or services of competitor

    Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 16727   Cited 39 times
    Applying to "goods, merchandise, machinery, supplies, commodities"