27 Cited authorities

  1. Ashcroft v. Iqbal

    556 U.S. 662 (2009)   Cited 254,525 times   279 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a claim is plausible where a plaintiff's allegations enable the court to draw a "reasonable inference" the defendant is liable
  2. Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly

    550 U.S. 544 (2007)   Cited 268,313 times   366 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a complaint's allegations should "contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to 'state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face' "
  3. Erickson v. Pardus

    551 U.S. 89 (2007)   Cited 62,103 times   3 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a complaint must "give the defendant fair notice of what the . . . claim is and the grounds upon which it rests"
  4. Swierkiewicz v. Sorema N.A.

    534 U.S. 506 (2002)   Cited 16,840 times   20 Legal Analyses
    Holding with regard to a 67-year-old plaintiff and a 59-year-old comparator that " difference of eight years between the age of the person discharged and his replacement . . . is not insignificant"
  5. Estelle v. Gamble

    429 U.S. 97 (1976)   Cited 55,163 times   7 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the government has an obligation to provide medical care to incarcerated persons
  6. Kentucky v. Graham

    473 U.S. 159 (1985)   Cited 19,304 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Holding that "an official-capacity suit is, in all respects other than name, to be treated as a suit against the entity," and that "a plaintiff seeking to recover on a damages judgment in an official-capacity suit must look to the government entity itself"
  7. Francis v. Giacomelli

    588 F.3d 186 (4th Cir. 2009)   Cited 3,919 times
    Holding that the defendant was entitled to qualified immunity since "his actions were not clearly unlawful when performed"
  8. Philips v. Pitt Cty. Memorial Hosp

    572 F.3d 176 (4th Cir. 2009)   Cited 3,730 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Holding that courts “may properly take judicial notice of matters of public record”
  9. Weller v. Dept. of Soc. Serv. for Baltimore

    901 F.2d 387 (4th Cir. 1990)   Cited 7,991 times
    Holding that while some procedures are sufficient "when visitation and placement decisions are at stake, we believe that the greater liberty interest inherent in the custody of one's child requires something more"
  10. Evans v. Techs. Applications Serv.

    80 F.3d 954 (4th Cir. 1996)   Cited 3,198 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the plaintiff's age discrimination claim did not relate back to the originally filed charge of sex discrimination
  11. Rule 12 - Defenses and Objections: When and How Presented; Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings; Consolidating Motions; Waiving Defenses; Pretrial Hearing

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 12   Cited 347,794 times   925 Legal Analyses
    Granting the court discretion to exclude matters outside the pleadings presented to the court in defense of a motion to dismiss
  12. Rule 8 - General Rules of Pleading

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 8   Cited 157,214 times   196 Legal Analyses
    Holding that "[e]very defense to a claim for relief in any pleading must be asserted in the responsive pleading. . . ."
  13. Section 2000e - Definitions

    42 U.S.C. § 2000e   Cited 51,627 times   129 Legal Analyses
    Granting EEOC authority to issue procedural regulations to carry out Title VII provisions
  14. Section 2000e-2 - Unlawful employment practices

    42 U.S.C. § 2000e-2   Cited 28,390 times   171 Legal Analyses
    Adopting case law prior to June 4, 1989, “with respect to the concept of ‘alternative employment practice’ ”
  15. Section 2000e-5 - Enforcement provisions

    42 U.S.C. § 2000e-5   Cited 26,945 times   124 Legal Analyses
    Holding charges must be made in writing, under oath, and contain all information as the Commission requires
  16. Section 13-301 - Insect; crustacean

    Md. Code, State Gov't § 13-301

    Md. Code, SG § 13-301