56 Cited authorities

  1. Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly

    550 U.S. 544 (2007)   Cited 267,331 times   365 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a complaint's allegations should "contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to 'state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face' "
  2. Pearson v. Callahan

    555 U.S. 223 (2009)   Cited 22,543 times   8 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a court may, without deciding whether there was a constitutional violation, look to the question of whether that right was "clearly established"
  3. Heck v. Humphrey

    512 U.S. 477 (1994)   Cited 29,295 times   25 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a court must dismiss a § 1983 suit if a judgment in favor of the plaintiff would necessarily imply the invalidity of his conviction or sentence
  4. Porter v. Nussle

    534 U.S. 516 (2002)   Cited 13,897 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a state prisoner must exhaust administrative remedies before filing a complaint
  5. Booth v. Churner

    532 U.S. 731 (2001)   Cited 11,114 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Holding that prisoner had to exhaust available administrative procedures even though they could not result in the relief he sought, namely damages
  6. Harlow v. Fitzgerald

    457 U.S. 800 (1982)   Cited 31,527 times   11 Legal Analyses
    Holding that public officials are entitled to a "qualified immunity" from "liability for civil damages insofar as their conduct does not violate clearly established . . . rights of which a reasonable person would have known"
  7. Fed. Deposit Ins. v. Meyer

    510 U.S. 471 (1994)   Cited 7,028 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Holding a Bivens claim does not lie against federal agencies because, if damages claims were permitted against federal agencies, "there would be no reason for aggrieved parties to bring damages actions against individual officers" and thus "the deterrent effects of the Bivens remedy would be lost"
  8. Bivens v. Six Unknown Fed. Narcotics Agents

    403 U.S. 388 (1971)   Cited 25,896 times   27 Legal Analyses
    Holding that there is an implied cause of action for money damages against federal officials for violations of the Fourth Amendment
  9. Mireles v. Waco

    502 U.S. 9 (1991)   Cited 7,210 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Holding that judges retain their immunity from suit when they are accused of acting maliciously or corruptly
  10. Conley v. Gibson

    355 U.S. 41 (1957)   Cited 58,536 times   25 Legal Analyses
    Holding that "a complaint should not be dismissed for failure to state a claim unless it appears beyond doubt that the plaintiff can prove no set of facts in support of his claim which would entitle him to relief"
  11. Section 1983 - Civil action for deprivation of rights

    42 U.S.C. § 1983   Cited 487,887 times   692 Legal Analyses
    Holding liable any state actor who "subjects, or causes [a person] to be subjected" to a constitutional violation
  12. Rule 12 - Defenses and Objections: When and How Presented; Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings; Consolidating Motions; Waiving Defenses; Pretrial Hearing

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 12   Cited 346,675 times   923 Legal Analyses
    Granting the court discretion to exclude matters outside the pleadings presented to the court in defense of a motion to dismiss
  13. Rule 8 - General Rules of Pleading

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 8   Cited 156,633 times   194 Legal Analyses
    Holding that "[e]very defense to a claim for relief in any pleading must be asserted in the responsive pleading. . . ."
  14. Section 2241 - Power to grant writ

    28 U.S.C. § 2241   Cited 80,579 times   55 Legal Analyses
    Granting courts authority to determine whether detention is "in violation of the . . . laws . . . of the United States"
  15. Rule 4 - Summons

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 4   Cited 69,253 times   122 Legal Analyses
    Holding that if defendant is not served within 90 days after the complaint is filed, the court—on a motion, or on its own following notice to the plaintiff—must dismiss the action without prejudice against that defendant or order that service be made by a certain time
  16. Section 1997e - Suits by prisoners

    42 U.S.C. § 1997e   Cited 53,873 times   20 Legal Analyses
    Holding that prisoners must exhaust "available" administrative remedies before filing suit in federal court
  17. Section 1391 - Venue generally

    28 U.S.C. § 1391   Cited 27,895 times   197 Legal Analyses
    Finding that venue lies where a "substantial part of the events or omissions giving rise to the claim" occurred
  18. Section 1406 - Cure or waiver of defects

    28 U.S.C. § 1406   Cited 14,178 times   52 Legal Analyses
    Recognizing that transfer is proper to any district or division in which the action could have been brought
  19. Section 2243 - Issuance of writ; return; hearing; decision

    28 U.S.C. § 2243   Cited 9,861 times   5 Legal Analyses
    In 28 U.S.C. § 2243 and 2244, the word "entertain" means a federal district court's conclusion, after examination of the habeas corpus application with such accompanying papers as the court deems necessary, that a hearing on the merits, legal or factual, is proper.
  20. Section 4001 - Limitation on detention; control of prisons

    18 U.S.C. § 4001   Cited 247 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Forbidding the imprisonment or detention by the United States of any citizen absent an Act of Congress
  21. Section 542.10 - Purpose and scope

    28 C.F.R. § 542.10   Cited 2,961 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Explaining ARP as providing "a process through which inmates may seek formal review of an issue which relates to any aspect of their confinement"