21 Cited authorities

  1. Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly

    550 U.S. 544 (2007)   Cited 261,392 times   364 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a complaint's allegations should "contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to 'state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face' "
  2. Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc.

    477 U.S. 242 (1986)   Cited 233,713 times   38 Legal Analyses
    Holding that summary judgment is not appropriate if "the dispute about a material fact is ‘genuine,’ that is, if the evidence is such that a reasonable jury could return a verdict for the nonmoving party"
  3. Celotex Corp. v. Catrett

    477 U.S. 317 (1986)   Cited 214,196 times   39 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a movant's summary judgment motion should be granted "against a [nonmovant] who fails to make a showing sufficient to establish the existence of an element essential to that party's case, and on which that party will bear the burden of proof at trial"
  4. Joy v. Bell Helicopter Textron, Inc.

    999 F.2d 549 (D.C. Cir. 1993)   Cited 158 times
    Holding that admission of expert testimony was abuse of discretion when testimony was pure conjecture unsupported by the record
  5. Morgan v. District of Columbia

    468 A.2d 1306 (D.C. 1983)   Cited 126 times
    Holding that the public duty doctrine generally prevents governments from being held liable for "failure to protect individual citizens from harm caused by criminal conduct"
  6. Varner v. District of Columbia

    891 A.2d 260 (D.C. 2006)   Cited 62 times
    Holding that operational manuals do not establish standard of care because, to hold otherwise, “would create the perverse incentive ... to write [manuals] in such a manner as to impose minimal duties ... in order to limit civil liability.”
  7. Meek v. Shepard

    484 A.2d 579 (D.C. 1984)   Cited 91 times
    Rejecting testimony of expert who stated what he would do under similar circumstances rather than describe national standard of care by which the defendant's actions could be measured
  8. Rong Yao Zhou v. Jennifer Mall Restaurant, Inc.

    534 A.2d 1268 (D.C. 1987)   Cited 76 times   1 Legal Analyses
    Holding that violation of statute that imposes criminal sanctions on tavern keepers for serving intoxicated patrons created a duty extending to the general public
  9. Warren v. District of Columbia

    444 A.2d 1 (D.C. 1981)   Cited 90 times
    Concluding that an emergency phone call by a rape victim, followed by inadequate police investigation, was not sufficient to establish a special relationship or justifiable reliance
  10. Tele-Communications of Key West v. U.S.

    757 F.2d 1330 (D.C. Cir. 1985)   Cited 77 times
    Holding that if cable company could show that there were no practical reasons why two cable operators could not serve Air Force base, Air Force's exclusive franchising scheme would violate the first amendment.
  11. Rule 12 - Defenses and Objections: When and How Presented; Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings; Consolidating Motions; Waiving Defenses; Pretrial Hearing

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 12   Cited 339,745 times   912 Legal Analyses
    Granting the court discretion to exclude matters outside the pleadings presented to the court in defense of a motion to dismiss
  12. Rule 56 - Summary Judgment

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 56   Cited 325,155 times   155 Legal Analyses
    Holding a party may move for summary judgment on any part of any claim or defense in the lawsuit
  13. Rule 1 - Scope and Purpose

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 1   Cited 14,718 times   46 Legal Analyses
    Recognizing the federal rules of civil procedure should be employed to promote the "just, speedy, and inexpensive determination of every action and proceeding"