143 Cited authorities

  1. Winter v. Natural Res. Def. Council, Inc.

    555 U.S. 7 (2008)   Cited 12,290 times   44 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a party seeking a preliminary injunction "must establish that he is likely to succeed on the merits, that he is likely to suffer irreparable harm in the absence of preliminary relief, that the balance of equities tips in his favor, and that an injunction is in the public interest"
  2. Lujan v. Defs. of Wildlife

    504 U.S. 555 (1992)   Cited 21,997 times   122 Legal Analyses
    Holding that a sufficient specification of when the injury in fact will occur is necessary
  3. Graham v. Connor

    490 U.S. 386 (1989)   Cited 20,207 times   24 Legal Analyses
    Holding that among the factors to be considered under the Fourth Amendment's "objective reasonableness" standard are "the severity of the crime at issue, whether the suspect poses an immediate threat to the safety of the officers or others, and whether he is actively resisting arrest or attempting to evade arrest by flight"
  4. Albright v. Oliver

    510 U.S. 266 (1994)   Cited 9,876 times   5 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the plaintiff’s § 1983 claim failed where the plaintiff failed to establish that he was deprived of a substantive due process right secured by the Constitution
  5. Mathews v. Eldridge

    424 U.S. 319 (1976)   Cited 13,485 times   38 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the degree of process required depends in part on the protected interest at stake
  6. Clapper v. Amnesty Int'l USA

    568 U.S. 398 (2013)   Cited 1,833 times   151 Legal Analyses
    Holding that certain attorneys and organizations did not have standing to challenge the constitutionality of a provision of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978
  7. United States v. Jones

    565 U.S. 400 (2012)   Cited 1,503 times   109 Legal Analyses
    Holding warrantless placement of GPS tracker on defendant's vehicle unconstitutional
  8. Katz v. United States

    389 U.S. 347 (1967)   Cited 11,335 times   74 Legal Analyses
    Holding that failure to recognize a reasonable expectation of privacy in a telephone booth would "ignore the vital role that the public telephone has come to play in private communication"
  9. Mazurek v. Armstrong

    520 U.S. 968 (1997)   Cited 2,553 times   2 Legal Analyses
    Holding that "a plaintiff's motion for preliminary injunctive relief has a "requirement for substantial proof is much higher" than a defendant's summary judgment motion
  10. Rakas v. Illinois

    439 U.S. 128 (1978)   Cited 5,794 times   27 Legal Analyses
    Holding that the determinative question is "whether the person who claims the protection of the Amendment has a legitimate expectation of privacy in the invaded place"
  11. Rule 26 - Duty to Disclose; General Provisions Governing Discovery

    Fed. R. Civ. P. 26   Cited 71,934 times   538 Legal Analyses
    Adopting Fed.R.Civ.P. 37
  12. Section 706 - Scope of review

    5 U.S.C. § 706   Cited 18,213 times   130 Legal Analyses
    Granting courts jurisdiction to "compel agency action unlawfully held or unreasonably delayed"
  13. Section 701 - Application; definitions

    5 U.S.C. § 701   Cited 8,623 times   24 Legal Analyses
    Adopting the definition given in Section 551
  14. Section 702 - Right of review

    5 U.S.C. § 702   Cited 6,381 times   17 Legal Analyses
    Granting judicial review of "agency action"
  15. Section 41 - Search and Seizure

    Fed. R. Crim. P. 41   Cited 4,188 times   48 Legal Analyses
    Adopting the definition of "tracking device" as set forth in 18 U.S.C. § 3117(b)
  16. Section 2701 - Unlawful access to stored communications

    18 U.S.C. § 2701   Cited 1,132 times   126 Legal Analyses
    Holding liable any person who "intentionally accesses without authorization a facility through which an electronic communication service is provided ... and thereby obtains, alters, or prevents authorized access to a wire or electronic communication while it is in electronic storage"
  17. Section 2703 - Required disclosure of customer communications or records

    18 U.S.C. § 2703   Cited 1,000 times   97 Legal Analyses
    Recognizing that these providers "shall disclose" such information "when the governmental entity uses an administrative subpoena authorized by a Federal or State statute"
  18. Section 2707 - Civil action

    18 U.S.C. § 2707   Cited 380 times   18 Legal Analyses
    Granting relief to those "aggrieved by any violation of this chapter in which the conduct constituting the violation is engaged in with a knowing or intentional state of mind"
  19. Section 2702 - Voluntary disclosure of customer communications or records

    18 U.S.C. § 2702   Cited 300 times   22 Legal Analyses
    Restricting use of Internet subscriber information without consent
  20. Section 1801 - Definitions

    50 U.S.C. § 1801   Cited 265 times   9 Legal Analyses
    Defining "United States person" to be a "citizen of the United States, an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence" or certain unincorporated associations or corporations with ties to the United States
  21. Section 42.6 - Retention of telephone toll records

    47 C.F.R. § 42.6   Cited 5 times

    Each carrier that offers or bills toll telephone service shall retain for a period of 18 months such records as are necessary to provide the following billing information about telephone toll calls: the name, address, and telephone number of the caller, telephone number called, date, time and length of the call. Each carrier shall retain this information for toll calls that it bills whether it is billing its own toll service customers for toll calls or billing customers for another carrier. 47 C