418 U.S. 323 (1974) Cited 3,480 times 15 Legal Analyses
Holding that, although a private figure can recover damages for defamation if he proves the speaker acted negligently, he must prove actual malice to recover presumed or punitive damages if the statement was on a matter of public concern
Holding that the relevancy of deposing a defendant publisher in a defamation case about his conduct and mental state could "hardly be doubted" even if the defendant was unlikely to admit to liable conduct in the deposition
138 Cal.App.4th 872 (Cal. Ct. App. 2006) Cited 18 times
In Matrixx, a pharmaceutical company filed a lawsuit claiming that several anonymous posts to the online message board had defamed it. (Matrixx, supra, 138 Cal.App.4th at p. 875, 42 Cal.Rptr.3d 79.) The company was able to trace the posts to the offices of a San Francisco hedge fund, and it took the deposition of that fund's manager to identify the anonymous poster.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 1 Cited 10,419 times 33 Legal Analyses
Recognizing that the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure "should be construed, administered and employed by the court and the parties to secure the just, speedy, and inexpensive determination of every action and proceeding"